Violence rages in Syria despite high-level diplomacy By Molly Vora Period 6
Conflict in Syria Protests began on March 15, 2011 Began in Daraa with the arrest of 15 children By April 2011 protests all over Syria April 25, 2011 government launched a siege on major cities (Daraa and Homs) Government tortures protestors
What sort of country is Syria? Government: Republic under an authoritarian regime Current President: Bashar al-Assad Has been in power since 2000 Inherited the control of Syria after his father died Population: 22 million people
What do the protestors want? Initially: Basic reforms, more freedoms, a multi-party political system Now: The al-Assad regime out and true democratic elections Opposition groups are not united Protestors are unarmed
How is the government responding? New constitution offering multi-party election Regime is slaughtering civilians to wipe out everyone who is not loyal to Assad Brutal crackdown There is international pressure Many Western countries have imposed sanctions Assad refuses to step down
The revolution Three main groups: Syrian National Council (SNC) National Co-ordination Committee (NCC) Free Syrian Army 9,000 dead 30,000 neighboring countries Thousands have been arrested U.N. Security Council has failed to agree on a resolution
Currently Violence in the areas of Homs, Idlib, the Damascus, and Deir Ezzor Syrian Army has blockaded many cities By April 10th, President Assad promises the U.N. it will pull forces out of cities and not use weapons (Cease fire) Government is lying Tanks are entering cities still
Future of Syria Peaceful solution seems unlikely Military intervention Big Civil War Diplomatic approaches not effective Eventual collapse of Syrias currency regime will die If Assad steps down transitional government before elections Why we care? Assad supports terrorist groups and allows them to cross into into Iraq.