History of horror ppt


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History of horror ppt

  1. 1. An introduction into the horror film genre The horror film genre’s soul aim is to gain a negative reaction from the audience by playing on their primal fears. Common themes throughout horror films are nightmares, hidden fears, supernatural and terror of the unknown. Supernatural elements often include ghosts, vampires, werewolves, demons, monsters and zombies. Films made about the supernatural are not always horror based however; it is just the unknown, scary elements upon which the horror genre is based.
  2. 2. 1890s-1920s A series of silent short films by Georges Méliès in the late 1890s showed the first supernatural events. The best known of the series is ‘Le Manoir du diable’, which is named, by many, as the first horror film. Japan quickly followed in 1898 making two films in the horror film genre. In 1910, Edison Studios, an American motion production picture company, produced the first film adaptation of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein monster. It was a 16-minute short film and was shot in three days in the Bronx, New York. The very first vampire film was made during the 1920s by F.W. Murnau and was called ‘Nosferatu’, an unauthorised adaptation of Bram Stoker’s Dracula. The horror genre became extremely popular and Hollywood production companies began using similar ideas and themes in their films.
  3. 3. 1930s-1940s Tod Browning’s ‘Dracula’, James Whale’s ‘Frankenstein’ and ‘The Old Dark House’ were all part of the successful series of gothic horror films created by Universal Pictures during the early period of talking pictures. Other film studios were soon to follow Universal and Rouben Mamoulian’s ‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ is remembered particularly for its use of colour filters in order to create Jekyll’s transformation in front of the camera. This illustrated the development of the Horror genre and actors began to build entire careers around this genre of film alone.
  4. 4. 1950s-1960s During this time, due to the technological developments, horror was able to progress further. This resulted in a divide into two sub-genres; the horror-of-Armageddon and the horror-of-thedemonic film. At this time, there was a stream of predominantly low-budget productions, which covered the supernatural theme featuring alien invasions and mutations due to things such as nuclear radiation, as seen in ‘Godzilla’. In the late 1950s, Britain became a contender as a horror film producer. Hammer began to focus on the genre and enjoyed international success from films featuring classic horror characters that were shown in colour for the very first time. It was also at this time where the ‘slasher’ sub-genre emerged in Britain with films such as Alfred Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’. America’s horror movies then began to pave the way for more explicit violence in horror films. Ghosts and monsters began to be used less in supernatural themed films as they became more focused on the horror of the demonic. Low-budget gore films were also becoming more popular at this time.
  5. 5. 1970s-1980s ‘The Exorcist’ was made in 1973 and set a new standard for the horror genre. Due to the commercial success of the film, films in which the devil was represented as a supernatural evil, more films of this sub-genre began to appear. ‘Evil’ children and reincarnation became common themes. Historical events then began to influence horror films, such as Wes Craven’s ‘The Hills Have Eyes’. Additionally, the sub-genre of comedy horror re-emerged with films such as ‘The Rocky Horror Picture Show in 1975’. Stephen King’s work also became popular for screen adaptations at this time, one of which gained Oscar nominations. The ‘slasher’ genre developed further at this time with films such as ‘Halloween’, ‘Friday the 13th’, and ‘A Nightmare on Elm Street’ with increased gore and violence. This ultimately increased the number of comedic spoofs, such as ‘Saturday the 14th’. However, in 1975 ‘Jaws’ created a new surge of killer animal stories such as ‘Orca’.
  6. 6. 1990s In the early 90s, sequels were created for films such as ‘Halloween’ and ‘Child’s Play’ which received various criticisms and marked the beginning of the fading of the horror film genre. It is argued that one reason for the loss of interest in horror is the exhaustion of constant gore and slasher movies. The 90s also saw the birth of a new sub-genre, which combined the fictional horror with real-world horror. The Scream films then added a new flavour to the horror genre in order to create an ironic theme and recreate horror films.
  7. 7. 2000s In 2000, ‘Final Destination’ successfully revived teen horror, which led to the production of 4 sequels. Comic adaptations also became popular and many horrors began to make video game adaptations. Foreign language horrors also became increasingly popular. Psychological horror is now a more common theme as opposed to the blatant gore shown in the slasher sub-genre. The zombie genre also saw a significant rise through films such as ‘I Am Legend’. Furthermore, the development of technology has meant that more people are able to make their own films and thus there has been an increase in the amount of low-budget horrors. These stereotypically include graphic and extreme violence.