Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002innovation management standard: an         exploratory analysis          Moisès Mir,...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                management standard: an exploratory analysis             ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                management standard: an exploratory analysis             ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                management standard: an exploratory analysis             ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                      management standard: an exploratory analysis       ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                       management standard: an exploratory analysis      ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                       management standard: an exploratory analysis      ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation                    management standard: an exploratory analysis         ...
Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation      management standard: an exploratory analysis Thank you for your att...
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Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis

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Authors:
*Moises Mir Mauri
*Josep Llach Pagès
**Frederic Marimon Viadiu
*Departament d‘Organització, Gestió Empresarial i Disseny de Producte. Escola Politècnica Superior, Universitat de Girona, Campus Montilivi, Av. Lluís Santaló s/n, 17071 Girona, Spain
**Departament d’Economia i Organització d’Empreses, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution of the diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard in Spain for first time. Using data provided by most of the accredited organizations, the evolution of the diffusion of the UNE 166002 standard from 2002 to 2011 is studied. The results show that the diffusion of UNE 166002 follows a logistic curve in S shape. The current stage of diffusion it is in the expansion stage (in terms of initial stage, expansion stage, and saturation stage). According the available data at the end of 2011, the market would not be saturated until 2021. The findings of the present study should be of interest to all institutions and organizations involved with this type of certification—including accreditation organizations, certifying bodies, and business consultants specializing in the implementation of the UNE 166002 standards

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Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis

  1. 1. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Moisès Mir, Josep Llach, Frederic Marimón Department of Business Administration and Product Design University of Girona - Spain 6th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management. XVI Congreso de Ingeniería de Organización. Vigo, July 18-20, 2012
  2. 2. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis • The interest in innovation management best practices have grown in a globalized world last decades: • Innovation boost economic development (Shumpeter, 1934).Introduction • Innovation Is a key factor for competitiveness (porter,Objective 1990).MethodologyResultsConclusions •INNOVATION  €
  3. 3. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis •Nowadays we enter in a new paradigm: • The possibility to standardize innovation management (Mir and Casadesus, 2008, 2011). • The case of Spanish UNE 166002:2006 is studied, butIntroduction there are other national innovation managementObjective standards in other countries recently issued or beingMethodology developed:ResultsConclusions •Portugal 2007 •Mexico 2008 •United Kingdom 2008. •Denmark 2010 •Brazil 2011 •France 2013 forecasted
  4. 4. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Nowadays: •There is no ISO standard but there is a CEN work group at European level to standardize innovation management forecasted for 2014.Introduction •There are many studies of the diffusion pattern of ISOObjective 9001 and ISO 14001 for Quality Management andMethodology Environment Management (Llach et al., 2011) but noResults detected similar studies for Innovation managementConclusions standards.
  5. 5. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis • Challenge: •The study of the evolution of the number of certificates UNE 166002 innovation management standard in Spain.Introduction •Never done before for innovation managementObjective standards, no data available, research data from theMethodology most Certification bodies was needed.ResultsConclusions •Managers, consultants and the ISO need to know about trends in this field. •Analyze data to check if pattern diffusion of UNE 166002 fits a logistic curve in a “S” shape as the previous ISO standards.
  6. 6. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis • Literature review: •Twofold literature: •1-Regarding Innovation management andIntroduction particularly the standard UNE 166002ObjectiveMethodology •2-Regarding Standard diffusion patterns.ResultsConclusions
  7. 7. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Literature review: •1-Innovation and UNE 166002: A lot of literature on this field but few studies about the concrete Spanish standard UNE 166002 •Rothwell (1994) identified five generations ofIntroduction innovation processes form 50‟s to 90‟s. i)LinearObjective Techonlogy push, ii)Linear Market pull, iii)MixedMethodology interactive, iv)Integrated, v) System Integration andResults networking.Conclusions •Chesbrough (2003) Open Innovation. •Mir and Casadesus (2011) in a case study of UNE 166002, speculate whether innovation management is at the threshold of a new generation (6th Gen) adding, to the Rothwell‟s 5th, a Standardized Innovation Management Systems. • European Committee CEN/TC 389 created in 2008 still working on standardization of innovation management at European level. Etc.
  8. 8. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Literature review: •2-Regarding Standard diffusion patterns: •Rogers (1983) well-established theory of diffusion of innovation.Introduction •Teece (1980), the dissemination of managementObjective tools and systems is analogous to the disseminationMethodology of innovations in general.Results •Marimon et al. (2006, 2009, 2010) and CasadesusConclusions et al. (2008) defined the dissemination curve as a so-called “logistic curve” studying ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 (Llach et al., 2011) diffusion patterns. •Corbett and Kirsch (2004) examined the question from the geographical point of view. •Stoneman‟s (1995) taxonomy diffusion state: „initial‟, „expansion‟, and „saturation‟ levels. •Etc.
  9. 9. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Main objective: Analyse, for the first time, the way that UNE 166002 standard spreads in Spain:Introduction -Is this pattern similar of others previously done atObjective an international level? like ISO 9001 and ISO 14001?Methodology -Spanish standard have its own peculiarities?ResultsConclusions Contributions: Companies and organizations need to know about the decisions that other companies take on this topic. Managers need to know about trends. Interest of standards institutes and accreditation and certification bodies.
  10. 10. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis The data used for this study has been collected visiting the websites and emailing the six accredited firms (AENOR, AIDICO, IVAC, EQA, Bureau Veritas Certifi- cation and SGS) by the National Spanish Accreditation Agency (ENAC, 2012)IntroductionObjective AENOR represents almost 80% of the total of certificatesMethodologyResults 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Conclusions AENOR 1 3 6 8 35 17 40 82 90 69 Bureau Veritas 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 2 17 25 AIDICO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 4 5 IVAC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 SGS 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 8 4 13 EQA * * * * * * * * * * Total 1 3 6 8 38 17 45 98 115 112 Total (aggregated) 1 4 10 18 56 73 118 216 331 443 Source: Actualized from Mir and Casadesus (2011), compiled from AENOR, AIDICO, IVAC, SGS and Bureau Veritas *data not provided
  11. 11. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis The number of firms certified with UNE 166002 has grown steadily each year. Figure 1 confirms this upward trend with the aggregated number of certificates by year as well.IntroductionObjectiveMethodologyResultsConclusions Fig. 1 Evolution of the total number of UNE 166002 certificates during the period 2002-2011 Source: The Authors
  12. 12. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Introducing data in SPSS, with the variables defined. N0 K NIntroduction K  N 0 e r0t  N 0Objective (Marimon et al. 2006, 2009, 2010)MethodologyResults N represents the number of certificates (a function of time);Conclusions N0 represents the number of certificates at the starting point; K is the maximum level that can be reached (the saturation level); and the initial growth rate is determined by r0.
  13. 13. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Results: logistic model fits good for the data with a fit of more than 99% for r squared in the curve. The number of certificates is in expansion. 800 700Introduction 600Objective 500Methodology 400Results 300Conclusions 200 100 0 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022 2024 UNE 166002 Forecast UNE 166002 LCL166002 95% UPL166002 95% 95% K Value Ll Ul N0 2,992 ,965 5,019 K 730,885 525,251 936,519 r0 ,660 ,544 ,775 R squared .998 Fig. 2 Logistic curve and forecast of UNE 166002 certifications Source: The authors
  14. 14. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis • Conclusions: • At the end of 2011, the total number of certified firms was already over 440.Introduction • Quick increase of the total number of innovationObjective management standard certificates issued in Spain.MethodologyResults • The UNE 166002 diffusion pattern fits logistic curve in aConclusions “S” Shape, Marimon et al. (2006, 2009, 2010) Model is Checked and can be considered scientifically correct. • The diffusion of UNE 166002 is in expansion level and saturation will not be until the year 2021. • The curve should be adjusted every year when new certifications are issued and, therefore, the saturation level will be modified constantly.
  15. 15. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis • Discussion and further research: • A similar study could be extrapolated? By the logistic curve in a European or International level? to forecast the evolution before the next European or internationalIntroduction standard is created.Objective • More research is needed to find a methodology to adjustMethodology the analysis in different geographical scopes perhapsResults relative to GDP, number of business firms, etc., otherConclusions studies can be done by sectorial activity.
  16. 16. Pattern of diffusion of the UNE 166002 innovation management standard: an exploratory analysis Thank you for your attention! u1034468@correu.udg.edu Moisès Mir6th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management. XVI Congreso de Ingeniería de Organización. Vigo, July 18-20, 2012

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