2. Diabetes Symptoms-Signs of DiabetesAlso: Diabetes Sign Symptoms-Type 2 Diabetes SymptomsAlso: Type II Diabetes Symptoms-Gestational Diabetes Symptoms-Symptoms, Juvenile DiabetesAlso: Diabetes Symptoms in ChildGlucose(see also Blood Glucose)-Glucose LevelAlso: Blood Glucose Level-Glucose MeterAlso: Blood Glucose Meter-Glucose MonitorAlso: Blood Glucose Monitor-Glucose TestAlso: Glucose Tolerance Test-Glucose IntoleranceDiabetes Diet-Diabetes Food-Diabetes Nutrition-Diabetes Diet Plan-Type 2 Diabetes DietDiabetes Supply-Diabetes Testing SupplyDiabetes Treatment-Diabetes Medications-Alternative Treatment for DiabetesInsulin-Insulin Resistance-Insulin Pump-Lantus InsulinDiabetes Care-Diabetes Management-Diabetes Associations-Diabetes Prevention-Diabetes CureDiabetes is the No. 6 leading causes of deaths in the United States, according to 2001 data from the United StatesNational Center for Health Statistics. Types of DiabetesThe three main types of diabetes are
3. • Type 1 diabetes • Type 2 diabetes • Gestational diabetesType 1 DiabetesType 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when thebodys system for fighting infection (the immune system) turns against a part of the body.In diabetes, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreasand destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. A person who has type1 diabetes must take insulin daily to live.At present, scientists do not know exactly what causes the bodys immune system toattack the beta cells, but they believe that autoimmune, genetic, and environmentalfactors, possibly viruses, are involved. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5 to 10 percentof diagnosed diabetes in the United States. It develops most often in children and youngadults, but can appear at any age.Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop over a short period, although beta celldestruction can begin years earlier. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination,constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme fatigue. If not diagnosed andtreated with insulin, a person with type 1 diabetes can lapse into a life-threateningdiabetic coma, also known as diabetic ketoacidosis.Type 2 DiabetesThe most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. About 90 to 95 percent of peoplewith diabetes have type 2. This form of diabetes is associated with older age, obesity,family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity,and ethnicity. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents. However,nationally representative data on prevalence of type 2 diabetes in youth are not available.When type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin, butfor unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively, a condition calledinsulin resistance. After several years, insulin production decreases. The result is thesame as for type 1 diabetes--glucose builds up in the blood and the body cannot makeefficient use of its main source of fuel.The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop gradually. Their onset is not as sudden as intype 1 diabetes. Symptoms may include fatigue or nausea, frequent urination, unusualthirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections, and slow healing of wounds orsores. Some people have no symptoms.Gestational Diabetes
4. Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy. Like type 2 diabetes, it occurs moreoften in African Americans, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, and among womenwith a family history of diabetes. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 20 to50 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.(from the National Institute of Health)See alsoType 1 Diabetes-Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus-Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms-Type 1 Diabetes Diet-Type 1 Diabetes CureType 2 Diabetes-Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms-Type 2 Diabetes Causes-Type 2 Diabetes Diet-Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes-Type 2 Diabetes MedicationsGestational Diabetes-Gestational Diabetes Test-Gestational Diabetes Symptoms-Gestational Diabetes Diet Plan-Gestational Diabetes TreatmentJuvenile Diabetes-Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms-Juvenile Diabetes TreatmentDiabetes Insipidus-Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus-Treatment for Diabetes InsipidusFeline DiabetesNote:This diabetes health education project is supported by Chongs Health Care athttp://www.cljhealth.com, one of the leading companies in the discovery of alternativemedicines for diabetes.