INDIA’S INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INVESTMENT              AN OVERVIEW
2India’s International Trade                    Towards Increased Global Integration through Trade                        ...
3India’s Export: Shifting Southwards India’s Export Market FY 2001 (US$44 bn)                    India’s Export Market FY ...
4India’s Major Trading Partners Top Export Markets (FY 2008, US$ bn)                Top Import Sources (FY 2008, US$ bn)  ...
5 India’s Trade Basket     Top Export Items (FY 2008, US$ bn)                         Top Import Items (FY 2008, US$ bn)  ...
6India’s Trade in Services    Total Trade in Services (US$ bn)                     …of which Software Exports             ...
7India’s Direct Investment Flows      Both foreign direct investment inflows & outflows                                   ...
8India’s Overseas Investment                                  Approved ODI across countries           Total : US$ 3.2 bn (...
THANK YOU        Website  www.eximbankindia.in  www.eximbankagro.in
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India's international trade and investment

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India's international trade and investment

  1. 1. INDIA’S INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INVESTMENT AN OVERVIEW
  2. 2. 2India’s International Trade Towards Increased Global Integration through Trade India’s Merchandise Trade Turnover Exports Imports Total CAGR: 24.5% 30.3% 27.8% increased from US$95 bn in FY02 to (2002-08) US$ 391 bn in FY08 (CAGR of 27.8%) 414 India’s Exports increased from US$44 312 bn in FY02 to US$ 163 bn in FY08 252 (CAGR of 24.5%) 195 251 India’s Imports increased from US$ 142 186 51 bn to US$ 251 bn (CAGR of 30.3%) 114 149 95 112 61 78 Share in world merchandise exports 51 163 126 64 84 103 in 2007 – 1.04%; Rank – 26th 44 53 FY2002 FY2003 FY2004 FY2005 FY2006 FY2007 FY 2008Source: Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
  3. 3. 3India’s Export: Shifting Southwards India’s Export Market FY 2001 (US$44 bn) India’s Export Market FY 2008 (US$163 bn) % 4.1 a Africa ri c Asia Af 38.7% 7.1% North Asia America 51.7% North 22.4% America 13.5% LA C LAC 3. Europe 5% 2.2% Europe CIS & Baltics 25.9% CIS & 22.9% 2.3% Others Baltics Others 4.3% 1.1% 0.3% Direction of exports moving towards the Southern countries, particularly Asia. Share of Asia increased from 39% to 52% during 2001 – 2008. Future trade flows to be geared towards the developing nations (buttressed by GOI policies).
  4. 4. 4India’s Major Trading Partners Top Export Markets (FY 2008, US$ bn) Top Import Sources (FY 2008, US$ bn) USA China 27.1 20.7 UAE 15.6 USA 21.0 China 10.8 Saudi Arabia 19.4 Singapore 7.4 UAE 13.5 UK 6.7 Iran 10.9 HK 6.3 Germany 9.9 Netherlands 5.2 Switzerland 9.8 Germany 5.1 Singapore 8.1 Belgium 4.2 Australia 7.8 Italy 3.9 Kuwait Total Exports: US$ 163 bn 7.7 Total Imports: US$ 251 bnSource: Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
  5. 5. 5 India’s Trade Basket Top Export Items (FY 2008, US$ bn) Top Import Items (FY 2008, US$ bn) Petroleum Crude & Prod 79.6 Petroleum Prod 28.4 Electronic Goods 20.7 Gems & Jewellery 19.7 Transport equip 20.1 Machinery & Instr 9.1 Pharma & Fine Chem 7.6 Machin. excpt electrcl, electonic 19.9 RMG Cotton 7.5 Gold 16.7 Manuf. of metals 7.1 Iron & Steel 8.2 Tranport equip 7.0 8.0 Prls. Prec/Semi Prec Stones Iron ore 5.8 7.9 Metalifer. ores & metal scrp Cot. yarn & Fabrics 4.7 7.2 Organic chem Prim & Semi-fin. Iron & Steel 4.2 6.4 Coal, Coke & BriquittesSource: Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
  6. 6. 6India’s Trade in Services Total Trade in Services (US$ bn) …of which Software Exports Exports Imports Total 40.3CAGR: 31.3% 24.0% 28.2%(2002-08) 31.3 2 .1% 138 R :3 23.6 121 C AG 92 17.7 50 12.9 71 44 9.9 35 7.7 44 38 28 31 88 17 76 14 17 58 27 43 17 21FY2002 FY2003 FY2004 FY2005 FY2006 FY2007 FY 2008 FY2002 FY2003 FY2004 FY2005 FY2006 FY2007 FY2008Source: RBI. Source: NASSCOM.
  7. 7. 7India’s Direct Investment Flows Both foreign direct investment inflows & outflows Sectoral pattern of approved Indian OFDI have shown an increasing trend (US$ mn) (April-June 2008) FDI Inflows 32435 FDI Outflows Manufactu- Others ring 32.3% 22079 36.9% 18369 13107 10073 Trading Non- 8961 15.3% Financial 6130 6051 Services 5043 5035 4029 4322 12.3% Financial Services 1892 1770 1797 1490 1495 829 3.2% 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09* * Apr-JunSource: RBI Bulletin, October 2008; Online Database on Indian Economy; Exim Bank Analysis.
  8. 8. 8India’s Overseas Investment Approved ODI across countries Total : US$ 3.2 bn (Apr– June 2008) Destinational analysis of Indian Saudi approved ODI stock reveals that Arabia Mauritius regional distribution is evenly USA 2.5% 9.0% 11.2% Canada UAE spread out across various 8.7% 2.1% Netherlands countries. Malaysia 22.9% 2.0% Singapore, Netherlands and the British Virgin US were the largest destinations Others Island Singapore 6.1% 1.6% for Indian approved ODI 32.5% accounting for 2/3rd of the total, Switzerland 1.4% followed by Mauritius and UAE.Source: RBI Bulletin, October 2008.
  9. 9. THANK YOU Website www.eximbankindia.in www.eximbankagro.in

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