FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 2
This financial analysis report examines two high profile competitors, Dell and Hewlett
Packard (HP), within the computer/technology industry in order to evaluate company
performance and financial health. Overall company strategies were reviewed and considered
along with the financial analysis to come to a conclusion for recommendation of investment. The
reports introduction gives an overview to the computer/technology industry and expands on the
strategies executed by Dell and HP. The financial analysis covers both companies’ common-size
income statements and balance sheets, comparative income statements and balance sheets, and
various financial statement ratios such as liquidity, capital structure and solvency, return on
investment, operating performance, asset utilization and market measures from year 2006 to year
2010. A pro forma look ahead estimated financial performance is generated for each company and
assumptions explored that helped derive the financial data for the pro forma. Conclusions are drawn
from the above stated financial analysis as well as areas for improvement and investment
Dell and HP are both well known companies competing in an ever evolving and expanding
industry. The industry is in every segment from personal to educational to professional. HP is a more
mature company having been founded in 1939, but Dell made waves throughout not only the
computer/technology industry but in multiple industries for its ability to rethink distribution and
customized sales direct to customers. While both companies offer both products and services, HP has
a slightly more diverse portfolio and is a bit more brand recognized as a trusted and quality company.
From years 2006-2010, Dell was able to keep downward pressure on the growth of cost of goods sold
while HP had strong growth in their sales and net profit. Through this time span, Dell secured a
lower liquidity risk for its shareholders when compared to HP. The marginal operating performance
on average for HP was stronger than Dell’s operating performance. Only HP is a dividend generating
stock with Dell choosing to not participate in this option for its investors. Dell’s approach is that
instead of paying out a dividend, those funds are used to reinvest into the company to produce higher
profits and overall create a stronger more financially fit company. Both strategies work to entice
investors as both companies are doing well in the market. HP higher sales revenue and dividends
paid out along with a strong and reputable brand name make it an attractive investment but Dell’s
revolutionary process thinking along with its growth potentials, recent strategic acquisitions, low
liquidity risk, and good return on investment makes a good case for potential investors to pursue.
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 3
Table of Contents
Dell vs. HP Strategies……………………………………………………………………..4
Common-Size Income Statement Analysis……………………………………….5
Common-Size Balance Sheet Analysis……………………………………………6
Comparative Income Statement Analysis…………………………………………7
Comparative Balance Sheet Analysis……………………………………………..8
Financial Ratio Analysis…………………………………………………………………..9
Capital Structure and Solvency…………………………………………………..10
Return on Investment ……………………………………………………………10
Summary of Financial Performance & Suggestions for Improvement……………………..12
Projected GAAP Income Statements and Balance Sheets and Assumptions Used.......……13
Conclusions and Recommendation for Investment…………………………………………..15
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 4
The computer/technology industry has many key players with two of the major
competitors being Dell and HP. The computer industry has come a long way since its first
inception with the invention of Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer in 1946. This
industry is comprised of many items such as computers, monitors, printers, scanners,
mainframes, servers, electronic computer components, networking and workstations to name a
few. The industry started a major growth phase in the 1980’s with the production of the personal
computer and has grown every since with many new products introduced. Innovations within this
industry have had positive rippling effects to outside industries, from manufacturing to banking.
While the United States market is fairly saturated and mature, the computer/technology industry
is very much in the growth phase on a global basis. The drivers behind this growth are both
innovations in technology and especially increased consumer spending in Asia and Africa. The
international value of this industry is expected to grow and surpass $620 billion in 2011, roughly
a 27% increase from 2006. Dell and HP possess major market share within the
computer/technology industry due to brand name loyalty, advanced supply chain management
techniques and producing innovating products for an affordable price.
Dell vs. HP Strategies
Dell and HP operate in a competitive environment to gain market share at segmented
price intervals. Over the last decade we have seen the price of the average computer go from
close to $2,000 to less than $1,000. In part, pressures to add customers have lead to price wars
between the two competitors. However, the price wars have not affected the quality of the
products in those lower priced tiers. Both firms have increased marketing efforts to enhance their
brand recognition and strived to reduce cost through improved supply chain management and
technology innovation. Both companies have room for growth, especially as they enter the
portable tablet market. It will also be interesting to see how HP fairs in the cell phone market
with its recent acquisition of the company Palm and how Dell with react to their success or
failure within this market segment.
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 5
The primary objectives for this financial analyst report are to compare two major
companies within the computer/technology industry, Dell and HP. Suggestions for company
improvement will be discussed as well as recommendations for investment. A pro forma
financial analysis for each company’s expected performance for 2011 will be conducted and
assumptions that lead to these figures. The company’s performance will cover the years spanning
from 2006 through 2010, with analysis of each company’s common-size income statement,
common-size balance sheet, comparative income statement, comparative balance sheet and
financial statement ratios.
Common-Size Income Statement Analysis
The common-size income statement for Dell shows a relatively flat history for cost of
goods sold compared to sales from 82.27% in 2006 to 82.49% in 2010. Dell’s five year average
for cost of goods sold to sales was 82.23%, which is bit higher than HP cost of goods sold to
sales five year average of 75.96%. This in turn gives HP higher gross revenue than Dell most
likely through means of obtaining raw materials and goods at lower costs, giving HP greater
ability for an increased profit margin. This increased profit margin can allow for HP to offer
more discounts then Dell may be able to afford, or increase spending in areas of investment for
Another area of interest within the common size income statement is related to selling,
general and administrative to sales. Overall through the years 2006 to 2010, Dell saw an increase
in this area growing from 9.05% in 2006 to 12.22% in 2010. Meanwhile, HP experienced the
exact opposite effect, with this category declining from 12.29% in 2006 to 9.99% in 2010.
According to Dell’s annual report, the major increase was due to the acquisition of Perot
Systems. It also appears that over the last five years, Dell’s strategy of products directly to
customers has been adopted by many competitors, allowing the competitors to decrease some of
their overhead and commissions paid to retailers, all the while increasing sales. In the same time
span as competitors partially adopted the strategy that made Dell prominent, Dell began to place
more products in retail stores to compete directly on the front lines with its competition, as
mentioned in their Management’s Discussion and Financial Analysis meetings. This approach
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 6
has caused a good percentage of the sales revenue to go to retailers and distributors, thus
straining the ability to maximize net income for the present.
Research, development and engineering for Dell as a percentage to sales were 0.82% in
2006 and slightly grew to 1.18% in 2010. HP research, development and engineering to sales is
roughly 3 times the amount that Dell dedicated; however, HP has drawdown their research,
development and engineering to sales from 3.92% in 2006 to 2.35% in 2010. The five year
average in this category for Dell was 0.99% and HP was 3.04%. Even with HP’s much higher
research, development and engineering to sales percentage than Dell, HP has a higher operating
expense, but since their cost of goods sold to sales is lower, it gives HP the edge in producing a
higher operating income than Dell.
Overall net income to sales decreased for Dell throughout 2006 to 2010, with a major
decrease happening in 2010 and overall having a five year average of 4.51%. In 2006 the net
income to sales was 6.46%, then in 2009 it dropped to 4.06%, but in 2010 was when the major
drop happened, resulting in net income being just 2.71%. The main contributor to the drop in net
income to sales was from operating expenses, with one component being the increase in
research, development and engineering, but the primary increase coming from the selling,
general and administrative category. Increased operating expenses are reflective of Dell’s push
of broadly branching out into the retail market. HP’s net income to sales remained flat during the
same time span, with a five year average of 6.88%. The basically net zero increase in net income
can be attributed to the economic downturn, and its rippling effect on customers.
Common-Size Balance Sheet Analysis
The common-size balance sheet of Dell reflects a current assets to total assets five year
average of 74.91% and shows a short term liabilities to total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
five year average of 63.72% covering years 2006 to 2010. Dell’s current assets and current
liabilities both decreased from 2006 to 2010, but their current liabilities decreased at a faster rate
than their current assets did. The gap between the two in 2006 was roughly 7% and had increased
to 16% by 2010, providing plenty of opportunity to grow and develop the company further in
their plans. HP common size balance sheet represents a different story. Their a current assets to
total assets five year average was 49.45% and short term liabilities to total liabilities and
shareholders’ equity five year average was 42.37% across years 2006 to 2010. Both accounts
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 7
decreased slightly over the years, and by 2010, HP had a gap of current assets to current
liabilities of only 4%. Potential investors will focus on this close margin because HP may start to
become too heavily leveraged, which could hinder their ability to expand. It could also pose the
problem of decreasing the percentage amount that HP reinvests back into the company, due to
using assets to pay off short term liabilities.
Within Dell’s current assets, short term investments to total assets decreased from 8.67%
in 2006 to 1.11% in 2010. Many of these short term investments had matured and were sold. The
additional cash on hand helped decrease accounts payable, which decreased from 42.44% in
2006 to 33.80% in 2010. Reducing its liabilities strengthens Dell financial health, yet further
liquidity and asset utilization ratio test should be conducted to determine if their more solid
financial standing is long term or simple a one year over year change. Dell’s inventory to total
assets remained mainly the same over the five year span with 2.53% in 2006 and 3.12% in 2010.
This is a reflection Dell’s strategy of keeping on hand inventory levels low and only producing
the amount able to quickly sell. HP inventory to total assets changed substantially from 9.45% in
2006 to 5.19% in 2010. The drop in inventory percentage to total assets is a representation of HP
improved strategy to minimize holding periods by taking delivery of inventory and
manufacturing immediately prior to sale or distribution of product to customers. It is also
reflective of the aggressive discounting that HP conducted as a result of the economic downturn.
Dell’s long term debt to total liabilities and shareholders’ equity increased substantially
from 2.69% in 2006 to 10.15% in 2010 with average long term debt of 4.71%. The major
increased indicates that the company was dependant on long term debt to finance its acquisition
of Perot Systems in 2010. HP long term debt to total liabilities and shareholders’ equity followed
the same path by increasing from 3.04% in 2006 to 12.26% in 2010. This increased in total debt
is explained in their annual report as being spending on acquisitions and share repurchases. Debt
to equity ratios are needed to be further evaluated to determine the risk factor for this increased
level of liabilities.
Comparative Income Statement Analysis
Dell’s net revenue sharply declined from 2008 to 2010, going from 6.47% to (13.42%),
as a result of the economic downturn, as individual customers put off luxury purchases such as
computers and commercial customers put off bulk computer orders for a later to be determined
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 8
date. On average, the net revenue growth was 1.86% while cost of goods sold was 2.05%. Cost
of goods sold increased faster than sales, lowering its potential gross profit. Even though selling,
general, and administrative was reduced substantially from 2008 level of 26.73% down to
(8.97%) in 2010, its growth rate averaged 9.45%, which outpaced net revenue on average. The
drop in selling general and administrative was due to decreases in compensation, advertising
expenses and improved controls during the downturn. The growth rate of cost of goods coupled
with the economic downturn, found Dell with a (31.91%) operating income for year 2010. A
large decrease in the market yield of over 200 basis points from 2009 was the cause for the
(210.45%) for investments and other income n 2010. Net income average was (10.78%) over
years 2006 to 2010, with major causes for this being lower sales due to economic downturn,
decreases in investments, increases in tax liabilities and higher cost of a hedging program.
Much like with Dell, the economic fallout had its effects on HP. Their net revenue
severely decreased from 13.50% in 2008 to (3.22%) in 2009. The dollar depreciation to the euro
played a large part in this drop for its European sales. However, unlike Dell, HP rebounded in
2010, increasing sales up to 10.02%, which can be attributed mostly in part to HP’s acquisition
of EDS. HP’s annual cost of goods averaged 7.84%, which was lower than their net revenue
average of 7.96%. This led to a more favorable net income on average, indicating HP’s ability to
better control its operating income through successful marketing or more effective investment
approaches over the years.
Comparative Balance Sheet Analysis
Dell’s five year average total current assets growth rate was 7.75%, which was higher by
a slim margin over average total current liabilities of 7.27%. The relationship was consistent with
the common size analysis giving support to Dell’s capability to cover short term liabilities with
current assets. However, caution should be raised and solvency ratios further investigated as
Dell’s current assets dipped below its current liabilities in 2010 by a comparison of 20.32% to
27.60%. Its competitor HP current liabilities growth rate average is out pacing its current assets
growth by almost double with rates of 10.88% to 4.68%, respectively. This should bring caution
to HP to get control of its short term liabilities growth rate, but not be too alarming, considering
that by its common-size comparison, the company presently has enough current assets to pay for
its short term liabilities.
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 9
Dell’s accounts receivable rate of growth was 11.90% on average, growing faster than the
company’s average sales rate, 1.86%. This relates to the increase in the collection period in days
also increasing over this five year span.
The category of property, plant and equipment grew for Dell at an annual rate of 6.12%,
with the majority of this growth happening in years 2006-2008. Plant, property and equipment
declined in years 2009-2010, (14.66%) and (4.22%) respectively, which coincides with the
company’s declining sales growth over these same years.
On average, Dell’s total liabilities grew 11.36% annually, compared to its total liabilities
and shareholders’ equity growth rate average of 8.21%. This highlights the company’s candidacy
for potentially becoming a long-term solvency risk.
Financial Ratio Analysis
Current Ratio and Acid Test Ratio
Average current ratio for Dell was 1.19 and the acid test ratio was 1.14. These averages
are better in comparison to HP’s current ratio of 1.17 and acid test ratio of 1.00, which tells that
Dell has more current assets to cover its short term liabilities and makes Dell a safer and more
financially strong company. HP had a risky year in 2008 when its current ratio fell below 1.00,
ending at 0.98, but shouldn’t be focused on too much considering that their net revenue in sales
averages 7.96% growth rate and is averaging a 39.33% net income growth rate.
Dell’s ability to collect customers payments on accounts receivable is stronger than HP’s,
with Dell taking 32.04 days on average compared to HP’s 49.74 days. While both companies
collection period was longer than the normal business benchmark of 30 days, Dell was much
more successful in collection from its customers and thus reduced the liability for risky accounts
receivable. The shorter period for collection also enables Dell to pay for its inventory and not
have to expose them to greater amounts of short term debt through increased working capital
Days to Sell Inventory
Dell inventory holding period was much shorter than HP, with Dell having days to sell
inventory ratio of 6.70 on average and HP having an average ratio of 32.02. Dell operates in a
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 10
slightly leaner production manner than HP and is able to quickly move inventory through its
distribution networks. The quicker a company is able to sell its inventories, the quicker the clock
begins to receive payment to be able to pay back money owed on inventories acquired and sold,
and not have to increase your working capital financing.
Capital Structure and Solvency
Debts to Equity Ratios
Dell’s five year average of total debt to equity was 5.23, compared to HP lower average
ratio of 1.65. This shows that Dell had more debt (creditors) financing than equity (shareholders)
financing. Long term debt for to equity on average for Dell was 0.29 and HP was 0.22. While
many feel that debt from creditors is more harmful because of the interest paid on the principle
borrowed, the advantage here is that once the creditor is paid back, they are gone and off the
payroll. Whereas equity financing involves more shareholders owning parts of the company,
which reduces the dividend payout per shareholder as well as waters down earnings per share.
Dells approach to being more heavily financed through debt than equity may be in an attempt to
keep earnings per share at an increased level.
Return on Investment
Return on Assets and Return on Common Equity
An important ratio is the return on assets ratio for its ability to measure earnings per
dollar from its assets. The five year average for return on assets of Dell was 13.06% while HP’s
was 9.07%. This higher percentage for Dell reflects a more efficient use of its assets and higher
earnings from products sold per company asset. Both companies have strong return on assets that
goes to show the loyal base of customers each brand name of the two companies has.
Return on common equity is another important profitability ratio. This ratio measures the
earnings success of its capital investments through common shareholders. The return on equity
for Dell averaged 81.46% while HP averaged 23.91. An observation of this profitability measure
shows that Dell is possibly much more attractive for potential investors for its ability to
effectively manage and use funds generated through shareholders equity.
Profit Margin Ratios
Dell’s gross profit margin average of 17.77% was lower than HP’s average of 24.04% HP
controls a larger portion of the computer market as represented through this ratio. Dell also
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 11
posted lower operating profit margins and pretax profit margin compared to HP. Dell’s higher
selling, general and administrative expenses are cause for lower operating and pretax profit
margins, partly due to new retail and certain global distribution relationships. As expected from
the precursors above, net income was also lower for Dell when compared to HP. Dell needs to
encroach more forcefully into HP’s large market share to positively influence its sales. Operating
expense components should be addressed as well to find cost savings measures to increase
operation income in order to ultimately increase its net income.
The measure of how efficient a company utilizes its cash and cash equivalents to create
sales revenue is depicted with the cash turnover ratio. In respect to this ratio, Dell averaged 5.60,
while HP averaged 7.09. This showed that HP used its cash and cash equivalents more efficiently
to build revenue. On the other hand, it shows that HP used its cash and cash equivalents while
Dell refrained from using its cash and cash equivalents, as evident in the common size analysis,
showing that Dell retained on average 31.77% of cash and cash equivalents to assets while HP
Inventory turnover represents how fast companies turn their inventories into sales
revenue. Dell had a much slower inventory turnover on average, 58.38, than HP’s 11.86. Over
the past five years more companies have became better at the Dell model of sales direct to
customers which has overall effected Dell’s sales as evident in the comparative analysis showing
on average Dell grew sales by 1.86% while HP grew at 7.96%. Also, HP has become more
efficient in their inventory distribution cycle and the amount of inventories held in relation to
total assets, dropping from 9.45% in 2006 to 5.19 by 2010. Dell’s turnover ratio was directly
affected by its increase in inventory to total assets growing from 2.53% in 2006 to 3.12 % by
2010. The increase in Dell’s inventories to total assets percentage coupled with declining sales
growth over the past five years was a cause for their much higher inventory turnover rate.
Total Assets Turnover
Total assets turnover measures how efficiently a company utilizes total assets to create
sales revenue. On average, Dell’s ability to generate more profit from its assets was roughly
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 12
double that of HP, being 2.15 to 1.07 respectively. This shows that for overall assets held, Dell
had a better record of generating sales.
Price to Earnings Ratio and Earnings Yield
The price to earnings for Dell on average was 16.35, lower than HP’s 18.52. From this
statistical ratio, HP is able to show that its investors have higher expectations of their company
performance by being committed to paying a higher price per share to own HP stock over the
past five year time span. However, with Dell showing better results when it came to liquidation
and return on investment, they are able to portray to potential investors that they are the better
buy at a lower price per share when compared to HP.
Earnings yield represents the amount of earnings generated for every dollar invested.
Here, Dell has a better showing on average with 7.02% compared to HP’s 6.25%. This ratio can
be another point of persuasion that Dell is the better buy for it being properly priced when
talking of earnings yield over the years 2006 to 2010.
Summary of Financial Performance and Suggestions for Improvement
Both Dell and HP have the financial statistics showing why they are strong competitors in
an ever evolving industry. In an industry that attracts potential customers by offering the latest,
fastest and greatest products, Dell needs an increase their amount of research, development, and
engineering to sales percentage. Dell can no longer rely on just offering cheaper products
because offering the newest technology and quality of product has moved to the forefront of
consumers’ minds. It would be wise for Dell to focus on precise areas where they have a strong
competency and not try to be all things to everyone. One area they may rethink of pushing into is
their expanded exposure into retail stores. Considering that Dell is fairly new to the retailing
segment, their ties to the retailing market are not as strong as many of its competitors who have
long withstanding relationships with retailers. These long withstanding relationships with
retailers give companies like HP an advantage over new comers to retail stores, such as Dell, and
possible over the next year or so, Dell should rethink this new part of their strategy. At the
moment, the amount of increased funds used on selling, general and administrative has not
equally translated into higher sales revenue.
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 13
Dell’s liquidity and return on investment ratios are quite strong, but need to improve their
operating performance. Integrating work processes and striving to become more efficient as well
as develop strong relationships with raw material vendors will be key to increasing this area of
interest. If they are able to increase their profit margins within their operating performance, it
will give a higher net income and possibly increase asset utilization. Improvement from these
areas could give Dell the option to increasing price per share and earnings yield from their
already healthy positions.
HP’s area of improvement is with its collection period. Currently, the collection period is
too long and is causing HP to use its working capital funds to pay for its inventories sold that
they have yet to collect payment on. The days to sell inventory should be addressed as well,
either reduce inventory produced are enhance buyer incentives for HP products even further than
current level to move the products more quickly off the shelves.
Projected GAAP and Assumptions Used
The pro forma financials for 2011 of each company have been projected and provided.
This GAAP pro forma is a future look ahead at the projected financial performance and the
assumptions used to develop. Each company’s performance in categories from year 2009 to 2010
was strongly reviewed as well as the five year average of the comparative and common size
analysis for both the income statement and balance sheet.
The pro forma income statement for Dell is projecting an increase in sales, largely
attributed from an improving economy but also from their acquisition of Perot Systems and
expanding into the technology services area. Selling, general and administrative will have a
minor increase explained through the increased volume of sales. Dell should continue to work
out strategic alliances to put downward pressures on this area. Research, development and
engineering will increase as Dell works to increase their ability to compete with other major
competitors to bring ahead of the curve innovation to the market for consumers. Net income will
increase with projected sales volume up, largely credited to an improving economy and
consumers spending again. Overall, the income statement followed Dell’s five year average
growth with minor adjustments to areas to offset the down years of 2009-2010 largely due to the
poor economy. Dell’s pro forma was in line with their comparative growth and common-size
percentages to sales.
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 14
HP pro forma income statement in many areas are similar to that of Dell’s, again largely
attributed to the fact that the economy is exiting one of the worst recessions in decades. Sales
increased with companies beginning to purchase to update their business use products, which
also increases your cost of goods sold. Purchased intangible assets and restructuring charges
increased within operating expenses largely due to the acquisition of Palm a year earlier. Overall
net income increased with help from added tax provisions provided through government
incentives to help the economy recover as well as lower sour investments declines in what is
hopefully the last year impact from the recession. The comparative and common size analyses
were also used as baselines for the pro forma development.
Dell’s pro forma balance sheet shows an increase in cash and cash equivalents from the
previous year, partly due to the large premium they paid for Perot Systems in 2009. Cash and
cash equivalents has been increasing since the acquisition was complete to stay firm in being
able to cover their short term liabilities. Increased sales in 2011 lead to an increase in accounts
receivables as it did to a slight increase in Dell’s inventories. Property, plant and equipment also
increased as the economy begins to enter pre-recessionary times and sales increase. Purchased
intangible assets had a major increase largely due to recognizing the assets from finalizing the
acquisition of Perot Systems. Dell’s increase in inventories and an increase in accounts
receivable lead to the increase in accounts payable for their current liabilities. Overall their long
term debt increased as Dell prefers financing over issuing shareholders equity to fund long term
projects. Overall the balance sheet of Dell increased from the previous year in large part due to
increased sales and an improved economy.
HP’s pro forma balance sheet reflects a decrease in cash and cash equivalents that can be
explained from their purchase of the Palm Company in 2010. HP’s increased sales volume lead
to an increase in accounts receivable and inventories stock as well as to their expansion of their
property, plant and equipment assets. Purchased intangible assets increased as a result of their
acquisition of the Palm Company. Increased accounts receivable and inventories lead to an
increase in accounts payable. The improved economy generated more sales and HP added to
their workforce causing for an increase in their employee compensation and benefits. Long term
debt increased as results of recent acquisitions of EDS and Palm Company over the past three
years. Overall the balance sheet of HP increased from the previous year in large part due to
increased sales and an improved economy.
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 15
Conclusion and Recommendation for Investment
Both companies had their share setbacks due to the economic recession that started in 2008. The
recession predominantly affected the areas of sales and investments the most. However, the
downturn did highlight the ability to acquire other companies and their assets to broaden and
expand each company’s market reach within industry. One of the better ways to determine a
company’s direction financially is to look at the last few years of their performance and see
where they physically placed their priorities. Dell’s growth strategy involves reaching more
customers worldwide through new distribution channels, such as consumer retail, expanding
their relationships with value-added resellers, and augmenting select areas of their business
through targeted acquisitions. Dell’s sales will continue at a larger rate than they did in the pro
forma 2011 due to more focus being able to be directed at increasing traditional sales as well as
the technology services sector instead of laboring over the restructuring from the acquisition, as
they had to focus on over the last two years. Also, to improve net income Dell should continue to
work out strategic alliances to put downward pressures on cost of goods sold and selling, general
and administrative costs. Dell had lower liquidity risks when compared to HP and good return on
investments, which weigh heavily into an investors decision.
HP owns a larger market share than Dell due to enhanced product and services
diversification. With HP’s larger brand name and recent acquisitions over the last several years
makes them an interesting investment. Their price per share is believed to be undervalued and a
good buy for such a prominent company, and their expanding market exposure into the tablet and
possibly cell phone industry could increase their market share even more. There is also the
dividend factor with HP stock, which creates a built in incentive for potential investors.
Currently Dell does not participate in distributing dividends to its shareholders. HP has had
substantial gains in the market through diversification of sales and services offered. Also, HP
appears to have a better management of their operating expenses, which allows for them to post
better net incomes.
Both companies’ are strong and healthy investments for potential investors. After
reviewing their company strategies and recent year’s financial statements and ratios, it is
believed that HP would be a better investment with its larger diversification, brand name, lower
operating expenses, larger net incomes, higher sales volumes and better growth potential in the
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 16
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FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 17
Table 1. Dell Common-Size Balance Sheet
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 18
Table 2. Dell Common-Size Statement of Income
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 19
Table 3. Dell Comparative Balance Sheet
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 20
Table 4. Dell Comparative Statement of Income
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 21
Table 5. Dell Financial Statement Ratios
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 22
Table 6. Dell Pro Forma Balance Sheet
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 23
Table 7. Dell Pro Forma Statement of Income
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 24
Table 8. HP Common-Size Balance Sheet
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 25
Table 9. HP Common-Size Statement of Income
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 26
Table 10. HP Comparative Balance Sheet
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 27
Table 11. HP Comparative Statement of Income
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 28
Table 12. HP Financial Statement Ratios
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 29
Table 13. HP Pro Forma Balance Sheet
FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF DELL AND HP 30
Table 14. HP Pro Forma Statement of Income