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MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control
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MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control

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MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control

MARPOL Annex VI and Emissions Control

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  • 1. MARPOL ANNEX VI AND EMISSIONS CONTROL Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 2. MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships 2 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 3. Ratification Process y Protocol Requirements for entry into force ◦ The Protocol is Ratified by 15 signature States to MARPOL with a combined tonnage of 50% of World tonnage ◦ The Current Status of Ratification is by 22 Countries (Signatories of MARPOL Convention) yy The Protocol was fully ratified in accordance with requirements on 18th May 2004 and has ENTERED INTO FORCE on 19th MAY 2005 3 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 4. Why MARPOL Annex VI? y Emission Gases from Ships ◦ Oxides of Nitrogen (Nox) ◦ Sulphur Oxides of Sulphur (SOx) ◦ Carbon Dioxide (CO2) ◦ Carbon Monoxide (CO) ◦ Hydrocarbons (HC) – gas, soot and some particulates y The concentration of the differing exhaust gases is variable according to the engine type, engine settings and fuel type. 4 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 5. Emission Gases from Ships
  • 6. AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION 1. IMO and Regional Ship Air Emission Developments (cont.) •• Baltic Sea –– SECA from May 2006 •• North Sea/English Channel–– SECA from Nov 2007 - Major Revision of MARPOL Annex VI completed in Oct 2008 - Revised Annex VI effective from 1 July 2010 •• European Sulphur Directive governing emissions in port (0.1% S at berth 1 Jan 2010) •• Port regulations in California (USA), Vancouver (Canada) for ship berthing The California Air Resources Board (CARB) adopted the Regulations to reduce emissions from auxiliary diesel engines and diesel - electric engines operated on ocean-going vessels within California waters and 24 nautical miles off the California baseline. •• ISO ongoing work on Marine Fuel Oil specifications •• Discussion and development : of on-shore power supply - also called Alternative Marine Power (AMP) or Cold-ironing •• Green House Gases (GHG) limitations 6 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 7. Annex VI - Application Summary Application: • All ships of ≥ 400 gross tonnage • Fixed or floating platforms (drilling rigs) • Floating craft and submersibles • Ships constructed before 19 May 2005 • Comply no later than 1st drydock but no later than 3 years after entry into force Does not apply: • When suffering damage to ship or equipment • When saving life at sea • When securing safety of ship Certification: International Air Pollution Prevention (IAPP) Certificate Other Certification: Engine International Air Pollution Prevention (EIAPP) Certificates. Annex VI requires diesel engines to carry individual certificates, EIAPP, with regard to NOx emissions. Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 7
  • 8. Survey: Subject to Initial, Annual, Intermediate, and Renewal surveys Annex VI requires that every ship of 400 gross tonnage or above and every fixed and floating drilling rig and other platforms shall be subject to the following surveys: - An initial survey before the ship is put into service or before the IAPP Certificate is issued for the first time. - Periodical surveys at intervals specified by the Administration, but not exceeding five years. - A minimum of one intermediate survey during the period of validity of the certificate. - Renewal survey to revalidate the certificate. In the case of ships of less than 400 gross tons, the Administration may establish appropriate measures in order to ensure that Annex VI is complied with. Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bang9la/2d/e2s0h14 8
  • 9. MARPOL Annex VI – Regulations Ozone depleting substances (ODS) Reg.12 Nitrogen oxides (NOx) Reg.13 Sulphur oxides and Particulate Matter (SOx) Reg.14 Volatile organic compounds (VOC) Reg.15 Shipboard incineration Reg.16 Reception Facilities Reg.17 9 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 10. MARPOL Annex VI and the Technical Code have retroactive requirements for the following: Regulation 12 –– Emissions from Ozone depleting substances from refrigerating plants and fire fighting equipment - On all ships constructed on or after 19.05.2005. - Installations which contain ozone-depleting substances, other than hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC), are prohibited such as CFC. - Installations containing hydrochlorflourocarbons (HCFCs) are prohibited on ships constructed on or after 1.01.2020. - Emissions from Ozone depleting substances from fighting equipment such as Halon is also prohibited. 10 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 11. ODS –– Regulation 12 • Does not apply to sealed units (Reg.12.1) •••• Deliberate emissions prohibited (Reg.12.2) •• Other than Hydrochloroflurocarbon (HCFC) all other ODS banned in new ships from 19 May 2005 (Reg.12.3.1) •• HCFC banned in new ships from 1 Jan 2020 (Reg.12.3.2) •• Delivery to reception facilities following removal (Reg.12.4) •• Supplement to IAPP lists equipment containing ODS (Reg.12.5) •• Required to complete an ODS record book approved by Administration (Reg. 12.6) –– Recharge, repair or maintenance of equipment – Discharge (deliberate or not), delivery to reception facilities, supply Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 11
  • 12. Effects of ODS Regulation 12 • Phase out of CFC and HCFC refrigerants •• Non availability of supplies of older gases •••• Move to alternative refrigerant types – natural substances –– carbon dioxide, ammonia, propane and cyclo-pentane – possible safety considerations, toxicity, flammability •• Alternative technologies – Peltier effect Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 12
  • 13. Refrigerants - Family Tree Environmentally Inert Natural Substances CFC Chlorofluorocarbon Production Ban 1996 HCFC Hydrochlorofluorocarbon Transitional Substance Banned in new plant HFC Hydrofluorocarbon Ozone Friendly Under question Environmentally Inert Natural Substances Article 5 countries 2010 1. R11 ODP = 1.0 GWP = 4000 2. R12 ODP = 0 9 1. R22 ODP = 0.055 GWP = 1700 2. R141b (Foam blow) ODP = 0 11 1. R410A ODP = 0 GWP = 1890 (High Pressure) 2 R404A 1. Ammonia ODP = 0 GWP = <1 2. Carbon Dioxide ODP 0.9 = 0 GWP = 8500 3. R115 (R502) ODP = 0.283 GWP = 5591 0.11 GWP = 630 2. ODP = 0 GWP = 3748 (High GWP) 3. R507 ODP = 0 GWP = 1.0 3. Propane/ Isobutane ODP = 0 GWP = 3.0 GWP = 3800 (High GWP) 4. R407C ODP = 0 GWP = 1610 ODP – Ozone Depleting Potential GWP Gl b l W i P t ti l Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 13 – Global Warming Potential 9/2/2014
  • 14. For the ships under regulation 12 of Marpol Annex VI, a list of equipment containing ozone depleting substances shall be maintain and in case a ship will have rechargeable systems containing ozone depleting substances, an Ozone depleting Substances Record Book shall be maintained on board. Entries should be as follows: - Recharge (full or partial) of equipment containing ODS - Repair or maintenance on equipments containing ODS - Discharge of ODS deliberate or non deliberate - Discharge of ODS to land based reception facilities - Supply of ODS to ships 14 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 15. Regulation 13 Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel engines: I. NOx Technical Code II. Prevention of Nitrogen Oxides emissions 15 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 16. Regulation 13 – Application Applies to: Diesel engines with a power output more than 130 Kw: 1. installed on a ship constructed on or after 1st January 2000 2. which undergo a major conversion on or after 1st January 2000 Not applicable to: • Emergency diesel engines • Engines installed in lifeboats • Any device or equipment intended to be used solely in case of emergency
  • 17. NOx emission limits Tier I * - Ships constructed 1 Jan 2000 to 31 Dec 2010 Tier II - Ships constructed 1 Jan 2011 to 31 Dec 2015 Tier III ** - Ships constructed 1 Jan 2016 onwards *NOx limit in original Annex VI ** Within ECA Tier n < 130 rpm 130 ≤ n < 2000 rpm n ≥ 2000 rpm I 17.0 g/kWh 45.0*n(-0.2) g/kWh 9.8 g/kWh II 14.4 g/kWh 44.0*n(-0.2) g/kWh 7.7 g/kWh III 3.4. g/kWh 9.0*n(-0.2) g/kWh 2.0 g/kWh n = rated engine speed – crankshaft rpm
  • 18. NOx emission limits – Approved Method Ships constructed - 1 Jan 1990 to 31 Dec 1999 Required to fit an “approved method” to enable the engine to meet Tier I limits. IMO to be notified of approved method The approved method to be installed at first renewal survey 12 months after IMO notified the “method” is approved Tier n < 130 rpm 130 ≤ n < 2000 rpm n ≥ 2000 rpm I 17.0 g/kWh 45.0*n(-0.2) g/kWh 9.8 g/kWh Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 18
  • 19. ‰The NOx-influencing components and settings depend on the design of the particular engine, and shall be listed in the engine’s Technical File. The below list shows typical NOx-influencing parameters, but are not limited to: 1. Injection timing 2. Injection system components (nozzle, injector, fuel pump) 3. Software no, checksums, or other identification of software version 4. Hardware for fuel injection control 5. Camshaft components (fuel cam, inlet- and exhaust cam) 6. Valve timing 7. Combustion chamber (piston, cylinder head, cylinder liner) 8. Compression ratio (connecting rod, piston rod, shim, gaskets) 19 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 20. 9. Turbocharger type and build (internal components) 10. Charge air cooler/charge air pre-heater 11. Auxiliary blower 12. NOx reducing equipment “water injection” 13. NOx reducing equipment “emulsified fuel” (fuel/water emulsion) 14. NOx reducing equipment “exhaust gas recirculation” 15. NOx reducing equipment “selective catalytic reduction” The actual Technical File of an engine may include less components and/or parameters other than the list above, depending on the particular engine and the specific engine design. 20 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 21. ¾3.1.1. New measures on engines of ships built: Jan 1990 –– Dec 1999 The NOx emissions at Tier I level upgraded for engines of power output > 5,000 kW and per cylinder displacement at or > 90 litres The upgrading is provided with approved and cost effective method for NOx limitation and should not: - reduce the engine rating by more than 1% - increase the fuel consumption by more than 2%, and - have negative effect on the engine durability or reliability For Engines NOT complying with Tier I NOx emission limitations: •• measures against ship only if there is a certified, efficient commercially available system •• rules for certification, verification and documentation of scrubbers and upgrade at the ship’’s first Renewal Survey if there is an approved method for upgrading at least to Tier I standard ••• if system not available, the next Annual Survey after that method is available 21 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 22. NOx Reduction Options For existing engines: • Use of NOx injectors • Retarding injection timing • Temperature control of the charge air • Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) • Fuel / water emulsion • Water injection • Humid Air Motor (HAM) Technique- addition of wet steam to the engine • Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) For new engines: Engine certification - Pre-certification, - Technical file clarification on engine family and group, - Final certification 22 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 23. Engine NOx emission engine certification • Test bed exhaust emission measurement • NOx Technical File - information on components, settings, operating values & adjustments to maintain NOx emissions within allowable limits • Issue of Engine International Air Pollution Prevention (EIAPP) certificate or statement of compliance - applicable to all engines over 130Kw where Regulation 13 applies - valid for the engine’s life • Onboard verification (components or measurement) initially 23 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 24. Onboard NOx Verification Methods: • Engine Parameter check method check engine components, settings and operating values against NOx Technical File • Simplified Measurement method confirmation test of NOx emissions to be within the limits of respective emissions measured on the test bed • Direct Measurement and Monitoring method direct measurement of the exhaust flow by flow nozzle or equivalent metering system; difficulties in terms of direct gaseous flow measurement; potential errors Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 24
  • 25. Alternative methods of compliance: • Exhaust gas cleaning systems (same issues for SOx) – Systems being tested but currently no approved exhaust gas cleaning method on market • Other equivalent method approved by the administration for NOx emission reduction e.g. recirculation • IMO informed of first “approved method” by Denmark on 5 October 2010 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 25
  • 26. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been cor upted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. 26 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 27. MARPOL Annex VI: Regulation 14 Sulphur Oxides (SOx) and Particulate Matter (PM) (SOx a cause of acid rain, sea and soil acidification Particulate Matter – harmful to human health) Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 27
  • 28. Regulation 14 - Sulphur Oxide (SOx) emissions - 19 May 2005 Annex VI to MARPOL entered into force. - The revised Annex VI to MARPOL was adopted by IMO on 10 October 2008. The sulphur oxide (SOx) and Particulate Matter emissions from ships will in general be controlled by setting a limit on the sulphur content of marine fuel oils as follows. The sulphur content of any fuel oil used on board ships shall not exceed the following limits: 28 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 29. Outside an ECA established to particulate Inside an ECA established to limit SOx and particulate limit SOx and i i matter emissions matter emissions 4.50% m/m prior to 1 1.50% m/m prior to 1 July January 2012 2010 3.50% m/m on and after 1 January 2012 1.00% m/m on and after 1 July 2010 0.50% m/m on and after 1 January 2020* 0.10% m/m on and after 1 January 2015 * depending on the outcome of a review, to be concluded in 2018, as to the availability of the required fuel oil, this date could be deferred 2025 to 1 January 2025. Exhaust gas cleaners/Emission Abatement Technologies Permitted World wide and in ECA under Reg.4 – Equivalents (Equivalence option limited to Parties) 29 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 30. Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECA) and Emission Control Areas (ECA): 1. Baltic Sea - 19 May 2006 (SOx) 2. North Sea and English Channel - 21 November 2007 (Sox) 3. North American area (entered into effect 1 August 2012) – as defined in Appendix VII of Annex VI of MARPOL (SOx, NOx and PM); and 4. United States Caribbean Sea area (expected to enter into effect 1 January 2014) – as defined in Appendix VII of Annex VI of MARPOL (SOx, NOx and PM). 30 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 31. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. 31 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 32. Emission Control Areas – SOx & NOx • North American – enters into force on 1August 2011 P t Ri & US Vi i I l d ( d ti t • Puerto Rico Virgin Islands adoption at MEPC 6?) The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been cor upted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 32
  • 33. Most ships which operate both outside and inside these ECA will therefore operate on different fuel oils in order to comply with the respective limits. In such cases, prior to entry into the ECA, it is required to have fully changed-over to using the ECA compliant fuel oil, regulation 14.6, and to have onboard implemented written procedures as to how this is to be undertaken. Similarly change-over from using the ECA compliant fuel oil is not to commence until after exiting the ECA. At each change-over it is required that the quantities of the ECA compliant fuel oils onboard are recorded, together with the date, time and position of the ship when either completing the change-over prior to entry or commencing change-over after exit from such areas. These records are to be made in a logbook as prescribed by the ship’s flag State, in the absence of any specific requirement in this regard the record could be made, for example, in the ship’s Annex I Oil Record Book. 33
  • 34. SOx CONTROL: - Arrangements for LSFO & HSFO: 2 0r more different types of fuels. - Availability ––Bunking strategies - Switch-over(12 to 24 hrs) will need to be changed over the fuel for the SECA passages. - Handling of cylinder oils ––2 qualities may be required. - More strict follow up through sample requirements, and control of documentation and procedure to log down. 34 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 35. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been cor upted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. 35 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 36. Other Methods for Controlling of Nox and Sox: - Exhaust gas cleaning system or other equivalent system: May be used (abatement technologies). The emission criteria for such systems are 6 g SOx/kWh. - Relifiquation plants for LNG/LPG carriers: Reduction of NOx, Sox & cost saving through boiled off gas reuse. - Alfa Lubricator system: Reduction in cylinder oil consumption. Reduction in particulate emission. - Electronic control engine : Programmed fuel injection and exhaust valve. Reduce fuel & reduction of emission. - Turbo generator plant: Use of high efficiency air flow for power take off. Reduce fuel & reduction of emission. - System integration: Humid air Motor (HAM)- engine intake air operating with water & exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). 50% reduction of emission. - HFO sulfur content – Use of low sulfur oil and modify the equipments to burn LSFO. - Dual fuel option for low sulphur restricted areas: Need for additional tanks and dual fuel engines. 36 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 37. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been cor upted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. 37 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 38. Regulation 15 -Volatile Organic compounds emissions from cargo oil tanks of oil tankers y Oil cargoes give off VOCs y Controls on volatile emissions from tanker cargo tanks during loading/ unloading of oil cargoes y Vapour Emissions Control System (VECS) to be compliant with MSC/Circ. 585 on Standards for VECS systems y Crude oil tankers to have an approved VOC manual (does not apply to gas carriers - Reg. 15.7 ) 38 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 39. VOCs - Regulation 15 • For Parties applying Regulation 15 in port(s) and terminal(s): – Shall submit notification to IMO 6 months before effective date (Reg.15.2) – Shall take into account IMO safety standards for Vapour Emission Control Systems (VECS) (MSC/Circ.585) (Reg.15.5) • IMO shall circulate list of ports and terminals (Reg.15.4) • Tankers need to install a VECS approved by Administration (Reg.15.5) •• Ports/terminals with approved VECS can accept tankers without VECS for up to 3 years after effective date (Reg.15.5) • Tankers need to develop and implement a VOC management plan approved by the Administration (Reg.15.6) – Procedures for minimizing VOC emissions during loading, sea passage & discharge, responsible person identified, language, additional VOC during washing • Regulation applies to gas carriers for retention of non-methane VOCs (Reg.15.7) but gas carriers not required to develop and implement a VOC management plan Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 39
  • 40. Regulation 16 - Emissions from shipboard incinerators y Incinerators to comply with MEPC.76 (40) & Appendix IV for ships constructed/incinerator installed after 1 January 2000 (Reg. 16.6.1) y Prohibits incineration of (Reg.16.2): - MARPOL Annex I, II & III cargoes, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), garbage containing heavy metals, refined petroleum products containing halogens, sewage and sludge oil not generated on board, exhaust gas cleaning system residues y Permits incineration of: - PVC – plastics (where type approved to do so) (Reg.16.3) - Sewage sludge and sludge oil permitted in boilers but not when in ports, harbours and estuaries (Reg.16.) y Incinerators installed before 24 May 2005 on domestic shipping can be excluded by the Administration (Reg. 16.6.2) y Operating manual, training, and temperature control (Reg. 16.7 –16.9) Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 9/2/2014 40
  • 41. Reception Facilities – Regulation 17 • Parties obliged to provide facilities without causing delay for: – Reception of ODS in ship repair yards (Reg.17.1.1) – Reception of Exhaust Gas Cleaning System residues (Reg.17.1.2) • Reception of ODS in ship breaking facilities (Reg.17.1.3) • If unable to provide reception facilities then Party shall inform IMO (Reg.17.2 & 17.3) Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 41
  • 42. Regulation 18 - Fuel Oil quality. y Parties to promote availability of compliant fuel oils and inform IMO (Reg.18.1) y Ship found not to be in compliance (Reg.18.2.1) – Record of actions taken to achieve compliance – Need to demonstrate “best efforts” to obtain compliant fuel y Ship should not be required to deviate or delay unduly the voyage in order to achieve compliance (Reg.18.2.2) y Party required to take into account all relevant circumstances to determine action (Reg.18.2.3) y Ship required to notify Administration and port of destination when unable to purchase compliant fuel (Reg.18.2.4) y Party to notify when ship presents evidence of non-availability (Reg.18.2.5) 42 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 43. • Required properties of fuel oil identified (Reg.18.3) • Excludes coal, nuclear and gas fuels from some of the provisions (Reg. 18.4) • When receiving fuel oil ships of 400 gross tonnage and above are required to receive a bunker delivery note (BDN) containing information in Appendix V (Reg. 18.5) • BDN required to be retained for 3 three years and be available for inspection (Reg. 18.6) Bunker supplier must provide a Bunker Delivery Note (BDN) • BDN to be retained for 3 years • BDN to include: – Name and IMO number of receiving ship – Port and Date of commencement of delivery – Name, address and telephone number of fuel supplier – Product name and Quantity – Density – Sulphur content (actual) – Declaration signed by supplier that the fuel oil conforms with Annex VI A declaration that fuel supplied meets Regulation 14 and 18 requirements Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 43
  • 44. Regulation 18 – Fuel Oil Quality Bunker Delivery Note (BDN) - Becomes a Statutory document - Must be kept on board for 3 years for inspection and a copy may be taken for further examination by PSC. - Must contain all data required by Appendix V - Name and IMO number of vessel - Port - Date of Commencement of delivery - Details of fuel oil supplier - Product name, quantity , Density at 15 0C and Sulphur content % m/m A declaration that fuel supplied meets Regulation 14 and 18 requirements 44 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 45. Regulation 18 – Fuel Oil Quality Fuel oil sample: • Representative sample to be provided by the bunker supplier • Sample to be sealed and signed by the supplier’s representative and the master or officer in charge of the bunker operation • Sample to be kept on board until the fuel oil is substantially consumed but in any case for not less than 1 year from time of delivery • National Authorities to regulate suppliers to ensure their responsibilities for compliance 45 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 46. Local suppliers of fuel oil • Parties are required to: – maintain a register of local suppliers of fuel oil (Reg.18.9.1) – require local suppliers of fuel oil to provide a certified BDN and sample (Reg.18.9.2), and retain a copy of the BDN for 3 years (Reg.18.9.3) – take action against local suppliers of fuel oil (Reg.18.9.4) – inform the Administration of a ship when the ship is found to be non-compliant (Reg.18.9.5) – inform the IMO of all cases of non-compliant fuel oil being supplied (Reg.18.9.6) Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 46
  • 47. Port/Flag State Control Guidelines Parties are required to: – inform the Party or non-Party under whose jurisdiction the BDN was issued in cases of delivery of non- compliant fuel oil (Reg.10.1) – ensure non-compliant fuel oil is brought into compliance (Reg.10.2) • For ships on scheduled services with frequent and regular port calls Administration can provide alternative procedure to retaining on board BDN (Reg.11) Enforcement – port State control • Resolution MEPC.181(59) adopted 17 July 2009 • Identifies key compliance issues: – Documentation - IAPP, EIAPP, BDN’s – Compliance with SOx limits – fuel record book/EGS – Compliance with engine limits for NOx – Compliance with ODS provisions – ODS record book – VOC management plan (if required) – Type approval certificate for incinerator 47 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh
  • 48. The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been cor upted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh 48
  • 49. ANY QUESTION? THANK YOU! 49 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Chief Engineer and 9/2/2014 Maritime Lecturer & Trainer, Bangladesh

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