-Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Engg. Lecturer,
International Maritime Academy, Bangladesh.
1
IMO
What is IMO?
 International Maritime Organization.
 IMO is the specialized agency of the United
Nations (U.N.) conc...
History of IMO:
 IMO (Formerly known as IMCO-International
Maritime Consultative Organization) was established
under a 19...
 What Does IMO Do?
The IMO slogan sums up its objectives:
“Safe, secure and efficient shipping on clean oceans.”
 When I...
Why do we need the IMO to look after shipping?
Because shipping is an international industry. If each
nation developed its...
What is the IMO Convention?
 A written international treaty made between two or more states which is
binding in Internati...
Most important IMO Conventions:
1. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea
(SOLAS), 1974, as amended.
2. In...
Other conventions relating to maritime safety and security and
ship/port interface:
4.Convention on the International Regu...
Other conventions relating to prevention of marine pollution:
14. International Convention Relating to Intervention on the...
Conventions covering liability and compensation:
21. International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage ...
IMO Has Developed 25 Codes, Including:
 Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS)
 Standards for Training and Watchkeeping...
IMO Has Developed More Than 700
Recommendations & Guidelines,Including:
1. Securing Arrangements for the Transport of Roa...
IMO Facts
Annual Budget – 24+ Million GBP
Member States fund IMO budget through
assessments based largely on size of fl...
IMO Secretariat:
Who is the Secretary-General of IMO?
The current Secretary-General is Mr. Koji Sekimizu (Japan).
Maritime...
 Major Issues on IMO’s Agenda
 Maritime Security
 Role of the Human Element
 Goal-based new ship construction standard...
Main committees of IMO:
 Maritime Safety Committee
 Marine Environmental Protection Committee
 Legal Committee
 Techn...
Functions of MSC
 AIDS TO NAVIGATION
 CONSTRUCTION & EQUIPMENT OF VESSEL
 SAFE MANNING
 COLLISION PREVENTION RULES
 ...
FUNCTIONS OF MEPC
 co-ordinate and administer the activities of the
Organisation concerning the prevention and control o...
 promote co-operation with other organisations
concerned with the prevention and control of marine
pollution;
 consider ...
IMO protocol?
An instrument that makes major amendments to a
convention. The Marpol Convention of 1973 was
modified by a 1...
IMO resolution:
The final document resulting from the agreement by the
IMO assembly or a main IMO committee, e.g. the
Mari...
What are IMO recommendations?
Non-mandatory IMO instruments providing more
specific guidelines than conventions or protoc...
Any Question?
Thank You!
3/16/2014
Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA,
Bangladesh. 23
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IMO & Conventions

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IMO & Conventions by Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Engg. Lecturer, International Maritime Academy, Bangladesh.

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IMO & Conventions

  1. 1. -Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Engg. Lecturer, International Maritime Academy, Bangladesh. 1
  2. 2. IMO What is IMO?  International Maritime Organization.  IMO is the specialized agency of the United Nations (U.N.) concerned with Maritime Affairs located in London, England. 3/16/2014 2 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  3. 3. History of IMO:  IMO (Formerly known as IMCO-International Maritime Consultative Organization) was established under a 1948 United Nations convention that entered into force on 17 March 1958.  As of December, 2013 IMO currently has 170 member states, 3 associate members, 51 Inter- Governmental Organizations which have concluded agreements of cooperation, and 66 Non- Governmental Organizations in Consultative Status with IMO. 3/16/2014 3 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  4. 4.  What Does IMO Do? The IMO slogan sums up its objectives: “Safe, secure and efficient shipping on clean oceans.”  When IMO first began operations its chief concern was to develop international treaties and other legislation concerning safety and marine pollution prevention.  By the late 1970s, however, this work had been largely completed, though a number of important instruments were adopted in more recent years. IMO is now concentrating on keeping legislation up to date and ensuring that it is ratified by as many countries as possible. This has been so successful that many Conventions now apply to more than 98% of world merchant shipping tonnage.  Currently the emphasis is on trying to ensure that these conventions and other treaties are properly implemented by the countries that have accepted them. The texts of conventions, codes and other instruments adopted by IMO can be purchased from IMO Publications. 3/16/2014 4 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  5. 5. Why do we need the IMO to look after shipping? Because shipping is an international industry. If each nation developed its own safety legislation the result would be a maze of differing, often conflicting national laws. One nation, for example, might insist on lifeboats being made of steel and another of glass-reinforced plastic. Some nations might insist on very high safety standards while others might be more lax, acting as havens for sub-standard shipping. 3/16/2014 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh. 5
  6. 6. What is the IMO Convention?  A written international treaty made between two or more states which is binding in International law.  Conventions are chief instruments of IMO, being binding legal instruments, regulating some aspect of maritime affairs of major concern to IMO e.g. safety of life at sea (SOLAS) or marine pollution (MARPOL).  They are identified by name and the year of adoption by the Assembly, Such as the International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974.  May have detailed technical provisions attached in annexes, such as six annexes to the MARPOL convention, each dealing with a different aspect of marine pollution. How many IMO conventions are there?  As of December, 2013, there are 30 conventions have been made between IMO member states. 3/16/2014 6 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  7. 7. Most important IMO Conventions: 1. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, as amended. 2. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto and by the Protocol of 1997(MARPOL). 3. International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers ( STCW ) as amended, including the 1995 and 2010 Manila Amendments. 3/16/2014 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh. 7
  8. 8. Other conventions relating to maritime safety and security and ship/port interface: 4.Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG), 1972 5. Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL), 1965 6. International Convention on Load Lines (LL), 1966 7. International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR), 1979 8. Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA), 1988, and Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental Shelf (and the 2005 Protocols) 9. International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972 10. Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization (IMSO C), 1976 11. The Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels(SFV), 1977, superseded by the The 1993 Torremolinos Protocol; Cape Town Agreement of 2012 on the Implementation of the Provisions of the 1993 Protocol relating to the Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels 12. International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel (STCW-F), 1995 13. Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement (STP), 1971 and Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973 3/16/2014 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh. 8
  9. 9. Other conventions relating to prevention of marine pollution: 14. International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (INTERVENTION), 1969 15. Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (LC), 1972 (and the 1996 London Protocol) 16. International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co- operation (OPRC), 1990 17. Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, 2000 (OPRC-HNS Protocol) 18. International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships (AFS), 2001 19. International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 20. The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 3/16/2014 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh. 9
  10. 10. Conventions covering liability and compensation: 21. International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC), 1969 22. 1992 Protocol to the International Convention on the Establishment of anInternational Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1992) 23. Convention relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material (NUCLEAR), 1971 24. Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea (PAL), 1974 25. Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (LLMC), 1976 26. International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea(HNS), 1996 (and its 2010 Protocol) 27. International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001 28. Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 Other subjects 29. International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships (TONNAGE), 1969 30. International Convention on Salvage (SALVAGE), 1989 3/16/2014 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh. 10
  11. 11. IMO Has Developed 25 Codes, Including:  Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS)  Standards for Training and Watchkeeping  Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG)  Solid Bulk Cargoes  Safety Management (ISM)  High Speed Craft  Construction and Equipment of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units  Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemical in Bulk 3/16/2014 11 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  12. 12. IMO Has Developed More Than 700 Recommendations & Guidelines,Including: 1. Securing Arrangements for the Transport of Road Vehicles on Ro-Ro Ships 2. Packing Cargo in Freight Containers 3. Intact Stability for Passenger & Cargo Ships under 100 meters in length 4. Safe Access to and Working in Large Tanks & Large Cargo Holds 5. Emergency Towing Requirements – Tankers 6. Provisions and Display of Maneuvering Information on Board Ships 7. Safe Use of Pesticides in Ships 8. Medical First Aid Guide for Use in Accidents involving Dangerous Goods 3/16/2014 12 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  13. 13. IMO Facts Annual Budget – 24+ Million GBP Member States fund IMO budget through assessments based largely on size of fleet (% of world’s gross tonnage) Secretariat –  320 Staff Members  50 Nationalities 3/16/2014 13 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  14. 14. IMO Secretariat: Who is the Secretary-General of IMO? The current Secretary-General is Mr. Koji Sekimizu (Japan). Maritime Safety Division Legal Affairs and External Relations Division Administrative Division Conference Division Marine Environment Division Technical Cooperation SECRETARY GENERAL 3/16/2014 14 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  15. 15.  Major Issues on IMO’s Agenda  Maritime Security  Role of the Human Element  Goal-based new ship construction standards  Member State Assessment  Ballast Water Management  Air Pollution from Ships  Recycling of Ships 3/16/2014 15 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  16. 16. Main committees of IMO:  Maritime Safety Committee  Marine Environmental Protection Committee  Legal Committee  Technical Co-operation committee  Facilitation committee 3/16/2014 16 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  17. 17. Functions of MSC  AIDS TO NAVIGATION  CONSTRUCTION & EQUIPMENT OF VESSEL  SAFE MANNING  COLLISION PREVENTION RULES  DANGEROUS CARGO HANDLING  MARITIME SAFETY POLICIES  HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION  LOG BOOK AND NAVIGATIONAL RECORDS  CASUALTY INVESTIGATION, SALVAGE & RESCUE  AND OTHER MATTERS CONCERNING MARITIME SAFETY. 3/16/2014 17 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  18. 18. FUNCTIONS OF MEPC  co-ordinate and administer the activities of the Organisation concerning the prevention and control of marine pollution particularly with respect to adoption and amendment of regulations or other provisions, as provided for in such conventions;  consider appropriate measures to facilitate the enforcement of the conventions;  acquire scientific, technical and any other practical information on the prevention and control of marine pollution from ships for dissemination to the States, in particular to developing countries and, where appropriate, make recommendations and develop guidelines; 3/16/2014 18 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  19. 19.  promote co-operation with other organisations concerned with the prevention and control of marine pollution;  consider and take action with respect to any matters that would contribute to the prevention and control of marine pollution from ships and on any environmental matters.  The MEPC meets at least once a year and elect its officers yearly and adopts its own Rules of Procedure. 3/16/2014 19 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  20. 20. IMO protocol? An instrument that makes major amendments to a convention. The Marpol Convention of 1973 was modified by a 1978 protocol (hence the name Marpol 73/78). The Solas and Loadline convention were both amended for the introduction of the harmonised system of survey and certification by means of a 1988 protocol which entered into force in 2000. 3/16/2014 20 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  21. 21. IMO resolution: The final document resulting from the agreement by the IMO assembly or a main IMO committee, e.g. the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) or Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), of some matters such as an amendment or recommendation. Assembly resolutions have numbers prefixed by ‘A’ such as A.741(18) and are published in A4-size books. Resolutions of IMO committee have numbers such as MSC.104(73) and MEPC.88(44). 3/16/2014 21 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  22. 22. What are IMO recommendations? Non-mandatory IMO instruments providing more specific guidelines than conventions or protocols. They must be agreed at IMO by adoption of a resolution but are not subject to ratification. They provide guidance in framing national regulations and requirements. Some IMO recommendations are in the form of codes, guidelines or recommended practices on important matters not considered suitable for regulation by formal treaty instrument such as conventions or protocols. 3/16/2014 22 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh.
  23. 23. Any Question? Thank You! 3/16/2014 Mohd. Hanif Dewan, Senior Lecturer, IMA, Bangladesh. 23

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