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  • Here is what they look like.
  • Cognitive processes and skills continue to grow over the years (10-19). Increasingly adolescents fine tune their abilities (review the abilities listed). And progress from concrete to more abstract skill levels. Recent research in adolescent brain development has demonstrated that the brain is still developing. Neural connections are still being formed until the mid 20’s. It confirms what parents probably have known all along -- adolescents do not process and think the same way adults do.
  • The third challenge of adolescence is to look for answers to the questions: Who am I? What is my place in this world? In interaction with their social environments young people are trying to figure out who they are, what makes them unique, and where do they fit in. Identity formation is critical and closely linked to how they feel about themselves and what they think others expect from them. Recent studies have shown that minority youth who developed a strong sense of ethnic identity tend to have higher self-esteem than those who don’t. The search for identity can be more complex when adolescents face the additional challenges of social injustice and discrimination; this might be especially true for LGBT youth who often start their identify development by being “different”. (American Psychological Association. 2002. Developing Adolescents.) - Peer group important for the process of separating from family; most influential during mid-adolescence - The other aspect of social emotional development is highlighted by the question: How do I relate to others? Young people have to develop skills how to communicate, interact with others; how to assess, cope with and control their emotions. Additional reading: ACT for Youth. Facts and Research Findings. Identify Formation in Adolescence. Self-Esteem. Peers. (www.actforyouth.net)
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    1. 4. Freud & Personality Structure “ Personality arises from conflict twixt agressive, pleasure-seeking impulses and social restraints” Satisfaction without the guilt? Ego Super Ego Id
    2. 5. Freud & Personality Structure Id - energy constantly striving to satisfy basic drives Pleasure Principle Ego - seeks to gratify the Id in realistic ways Reality Principle Super Ego - voice of conscience that focuses on how we ought to behave Ego Super Ego Id
    3. 7. IAP VISION 2007 Adolescent Friendly School Initiative ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY SCHOOL INITIATIVE Need for Adolescent Care "A world fit for children is one in which ... all children, including adolescents, have ample opportunity to develop their individual capacities in a safe and supportive environment".
    4. 8. Who is Adolescent? <ul><li>No longer a child but not yet an adult </li></ul><ul><li>Age Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO Defines- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adolescents- 10-19 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Youth - 15 – 24 Years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Young People – 10 – 24 Years </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 10. What is Adolescence? World Health Organization <ul><li>A phase which involves - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Progression from appearance of secondary sexual characteristics (puberty) to sexual and reproductive maturity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of adult mental process and identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition from total social-economic dependence to relative independence </li></ul></ul>
    6. 11. Cognitive Development different arrow <ul><li>ability to think abstractly </li></ul><ul><li>ability to analyze situations logically </li></ul><ul><li>ability to think realistically about the future, goal setting </li></ul><ul><li>moral reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Entertain hypothetical situations, use of metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Need guidance for rational decision making </li></ul>10 years 19 years
    7. 12. <ul><li>Who am I? Where do I belong? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identity development (gender, sexual, ethnic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of peer group </li></ul></ul>Social Emotional Development <ul><li>How do I relate to others? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Intelligence </li></ul></ul>
    8. 13. When does an adolescents behavior becomes a problem? <ul><li>A teen behavior becomes a problem when behaviors such as : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loosing temper: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>frequent arguments: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refuse to follow principales. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And blaming others for self mistakes... </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Starts to show. </li></ul>
    9. 14. How to deal with an adolescent? <ul><li>To avoid having these problems you should: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be patient & lesten to there teens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try to avoid arguments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about moral & ethical behavior </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be friendly & control the situation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>