The White Elephant - Portfolio Selection and Alignment

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The White Elephant - Portfolio Selection and Alignment

  1. 1. The White Elephant Mohammed Khaiata Friday 25th October 2013
  2. 2. Mohammed-Khaiata MohammedKhaiata m.khaiata@gmail.com @Khaiata
  3. 3. Three Gorges Dam - China • • • • • • • • Cost: US$26 billion Largest hydroelectric dam in the world 18 years to build; 1994 till 2012 Height 181 m, base width 115 m, length 2,335 m Caused 1.4 million people to be relocated Caused the worst drought in 50 years 1300+ Chinese heritage sites were submerged At risk of catastrophic failure (great earthquake)
  4. 4. Ciudad Real Central Airport • • • • €1.1bn Cost Promised 6000 new jobs Promised boom for the local economy Closed in April 2012 after only four years of operations
  5. 5. Castellón–Costa Azahar Airport - Spain • €150 million Cost • Got delayed for several years • Declared "open" officially in March 2011 despite: – No airlines signed up to land there, nor – Government approval to operate • Flights were due to begin on April 2012 • As of June 2013, there have been none
  6. 6. Agenda • • • • Alignment Paradigm Selection Model Project Portfolio Process Open Discussion
  7. 7. Alignment Paradigm
  8. 8. Corporate Strategy
  9. 9. McKinsey’s 7S Model
  10. 10. Strategic Alignment Maturity Model
  11. 11. Business Impact
  12. 12. The Case of ERP Implementation
  13. 13. The Case in .
  14. 14. The Case in .
  15. 15. The Case in .
  16. 16. The Case in .
  17. 17. The Case in .
  18. 18. The Case in .
  19. 19. The Case in .
  20. 20. The Case in .
  21. 21. Selection Model
  22. 22. Selection Model • Mathematical • Comparative – Cost / Benefit Analysis – Scoring Models – Economic Models – Discounted Cash Flow – IRR, NPV, …
  23. 23. Selection Model • Know what you want – Do your homework • Define your scope, budget, timeline, and constraints – Survey the market – Know the risks • Product Limitations • Total Cost of Ownership TCO • Myths of Vendors
  24. 24. Selection Model - Example
  25. 25. Selection Model - Example • Client: Our requirement...this is something big, you know.... we need an elephant… • Vendor: … but why don’t you adjust with a buffalo, it is also big and black? • Client: No, we need only elephant, let me explain our current process is … (1 hour …) • Vendor: Fine, I understand. But our product supports only buffalo…
  26. 26. Selection Model - Example • Client: But we require only elephant! • Vendor: Ok... Let me see if I can customize • Signed SOW: Client wants: – A big black four legged animal – Long tail – Less hair – Having trunk is mandatory.
  27. 27. Selection Model - Example • Specifications: – Have One Trunk – Have Four Legs – Should Carry Load for Both Passenger and Cargo – Black in Color – Should be Herbivorous
  28. 28. Selection Model - Example • Delivery Team: – All features are supported in base product buffalo – For trunk alone a separate customization is done. – Added Value: Delivers Milk
  29. 29. Selection Model - Example
  30. 30. Selection Model - Example
  31. 31. The Case in . • Scoring Models Used • Survey the market – Benchmark:
  32. 32. Project Portfolio Process
  33. 33. Project Portfolio Process
  34. 34. Project Portfolio Process • Balancing Dimensions
  35. 35. The Case in • • • • • • Four phases Splitting Modules and licensing HR then other functions Pilot then rollout Engaging Internal team with SI Sponsorship .
  36. 36. Example of Full Lifecycle • How The Customer Explained it
  37. 37. Example of Full Lifecycle • How the project leader understood it
  38. 38. Example of Full Lifecycle • How the analyst designed it
  39. 39. Example of Full Lifecycle • How the programmer wrote it
  40. 40. Example of Full Lifecycle • What the beta testers received
  41. 41. Example of Full Lifecycle • How the business consultant described it
  42. 42. Example of Full Lifecycle • How the project was documented
  43. 43. Example of Full Lifecycle • What operations installed
  44. 44. Example of Full Lifecycle • How the customer was billed
  45. 45. Example of Full Lifecycle • How it was supported
  46. 46. Example of Full Lifecycle • What marketing advertised
  47. 47. Example of Full Lifecycle • When it was delivered
  48. 48. Example of Full Lifecycle • What the digg effect can do to your site
  49. 49. Example of Full Lifecycle • The disaster recovery plan
  50. 50. Example of Full Lifecycle • What the customer really needed
  51. 51. Do You Really Know What You Want?
  52. 52. Open Discussion

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