Fiqh of salah jan 2013
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Fiqh of salah jan 2013

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Adhān, description of the prayer, Congregational prayer, Voluntary prayers, prayer for those who have special needs or circumstances.

Adhān, description of the prayer, Congregational prayer, Voluntary prayers, prayer for those who have special needs or circumstances.

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  • Direct Link w/Allah :: Recitation of Fatihah, Allah answers directlyDirect Spoken Order from Allah“Verily I am Allah; there is no God but Me: so worship [and obey] me and establish the Prayer [properly] for my Remembrance.” (Ta-Ha: 14-15)First act of beliefAl-Muzammil 73, Ayat 1-9 :: O you who wraps himself [in clothing], Arise [to pray] the night, except for a little – Half of it – or subtract from it a little Or add to it, and recite the Qur’an with measured recitation. Indeed, We will cast upon you a heavy word. Indeed, the hours of the night are more effective for concurrence [of heart and tongue] and more suitable for words. Indeed, for you by day is prolonged And remember the name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him with [complete] devotion. [He is] the Lord of the East and the West; there is no deity except Him, so take Him as Disposer of [your] affairs.50 Waqt equals to 5 Obligated even in the battleSoundness of the Salah follows onto other deedsLeaving it is disbeliefDivides between Islam & KufrProtects from filthy & evil deeds.Final Advise :: The Salah, The SalahThose who does not pray will go blindWithout Salah NOTHING is accepted
  • Very important note : There is a serious difference between passing a ruling of kufr on a specific case and stating the general principle. So just because leaving Prayer is disbelief, it does not necessarily mean that a particular person who is not praying is a disbeliever. Declaring takfeer of a specific individuals or families (etc.) is a very serious matter, not to be undertaken lightly by laymen.
  • Two types of Adhan15 Phrases :: UsualAdhan19 Phrases :: Repeat again from “Ash-hadu Allah la ilaha …Ash-haduanna Muhammad”Three types of Iqamah :: “Qadgaimati Salah” always twice11 Phrases :: All Single times17 Phrases :: Same as Adhan + Qadgaimati Salah15 Phrases :: All twice except “Haya ….” single time
  • Two types of Adhan15 Phrases :: UsualAdhan19 Phrases :: Repeat again from “Ash-hadu Allah la ilaha …Ash-haduanna Muhammad”Three types of Iqamah :: “Qadgaimati Salah” always twice11 Phrases :: All Single times17 Phrases :: Same as Adhan + Qadgaimati Salah15 Phrases :: All twice except “Haya ….” single time

Fiqh of salah jan 2013 Fiqh of salah jan 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Fiqh Of Salah
  • Definition of Salah• In Arabic, Salah literally means, “to supplicate, to petition, topray for someone.”• “And pray for them, for your prayers are a comfort forthem.” *alTawbah,103] Salah in this ayah, means to makedu’a.• The Legal Technical Definition – and the most importantdefinition:• “The worship of Allah with a particular set of statementsand actions that begin with the takbir (Allahu Akbar) andend with the taslim (Assalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah).”
  • THE RULING OF SALAH• The prayer is an individual obligation based on evidence fromthe Qur’an, the Sunnah and Ijma’ (consensus of the MuslimScholars).• Fardul Ayn – Individual obligation, Allah (swt) looks atperson and not the action• Fardul Kifayah – Communal obligation, Allah (swt) looks atthe action• Salah is an obligation and “known by necessity in the religion”.It is amongst the small number of things that a Muslim will beheld accountable for that ignorance will not excuse as it’s“known by necessity”.
  • History of Salah• Before Islam:• 1. During the time of Ibrahim - Dua of Ibrahim 14:37• 2. During the time of Isma’il - Surah Mariam 19:55• 3. During the time of Musa - [Yunus, 10:87]• 4. During the time of Bani Isra’il - [Al Ma’ida 5:12]• 5. During the time of ‘Eesa - [Mariam 19:31]• In Islam:• Stage 1: The 2nd or 3rd year after the first revelation. Theobligation of salah was something early.• 1. Two prayers, one in the morning and one in the evening[Ghafir 40:55]• 2. Qiblah was towards Jerusalem [Al Baqarah 2:143]• 3. Form of salat was same as the original
  • History of Salah Cont…• Stage 2: The Night Prayer• 1. The obligatory night prayer [Al Muzzammil 73:1-4]• 2. The abrogation of the obligation [Al Muzzammil 73:20]• Stage 3: On the year of Isra wa al Miraj• 1. The five daily prayers• 2. Times of the five daily prayers• 3. Prayers were two rak’ah only• 4. They were allowed to speak during salah.• Stage 4: 2nd year after the Hijra• 1. Qiblah was changed towards Makkah• 2. Salat was enhanced and number of rak’ahs increased
  • Different Type of Salah• 1. Fard salat• The five obligatory salah• Friday’s salah• 2. Wajib salah• Eid prayer• Witr prayer• 3. Nafl salah• Ar-rawaatib - The optional prayers performed in association with the obligatory Salah• At-tasabeeh• 4. Congregational prayer• Taraweeh• Al-istisqaa’ (salah asking for the rain)• 5. Individual’s prayer• Ad-duhaa (The Salah during the forenoon time.)• Ash-shurooq/Ishraq (The Salah performed after sunrise.)• 6. Prayers performed with no specific sabab (occasion or cause)• Nafl mutlaq (Voluntary Prayer)• Qiyam al-layl• 7. Prayers performed for a specific sabab (occasion or cause)• Al-istikhara• Khusoof and kusoof (observe a solar or lunar eclipse, kusuf is the solar eclipse and khusuf
  • Importance of Salah• Fasting :: In times of hardship you can break it.• Zakah :: You can delay if you do not have the money• Salah :: NO EXCUSE !!!
  • Importance of Salah• Direct Link w/Allah :: Recitation of Fatihah, Allah answersdirectly• Direct Spoken Order from Allah• First act of belief• 50 Waqt equals to 5• Obligated even in the battle• Soundness of the Salah follows onto other deeds• Leaving it is disbelief• Divides between Islam & Kufr• Protects from filthy & evil deeds.• Final Advise :: The Salah, The Salah• Those who does not pray will go blind• Without Salah NOTHING is accepted
  • Proof for the obligation of Prayer“What has caused you to enter into the terrible torment?’ Theysaid: ‘We were not of those who used to pray’.” (surah al-Muddaththir: 42-43)
  • Accountability for SalahA person who is accountable for salah should be:• A Muslim, man or woman• Reached the age of puberty. The physical signs of puberty aredifferent for men and women. When a woman has her firstperiod, this is when she has reached the age of puberty. Whena boy has his first wet dream, he has reached the age ofpuberty. If they do not show any physical signs, then themaximum legal age for puberty is 15.• In a state of sound mind. The person who prays should knowwhat they are doing. Some may lose sound mind forcefully(i.e. through surgery) or a person who may faint or be so tiredthat if they prayed they would not know what they are saying.
  • Establishing the Prayer• Establishing the Prayer entails performance of the Prayer to thebest of one’s ability by praying it at the regular times withoutshortcomings in its pillars and conditions. It must also be upon theSunnah of Rasool-Allah sallahu ‘aliha wa sallam.• It is not permissible to delay the Prayer beyond its specified time bycomplete consensus (see Maratibul-Ijma p. 30) because of thefollowing:• From Qur’an: “Verily the Prayer is enjoined upon the believers atappointed times.” (an-Nisa’ 4: 103)• Ibn-Uthaimeen rahimahullah said: “If he does not have any excuse,then his Prayer will not be correct, even if he were to pray athousand times. The proof for that is in the statement of theProphet sallahu ‘aliha wa sallam: ‘Whoever does an action which wehave not sanctioned will have it rejected’.” (Fiqhul-Ibadat p. 145)
  • Rulings of Abandoning Salah• If someone gives up the Prayer, being ignorant of itsobligation, then he is forgiven in general.• If someone believes that it is not obligatory, without havingthe excuse of ignorance, then it is complete disbelief byconsensus (al-Majmoo’ 3/14, Majmoo’ al-Fatawa 10/434,20/97, 22/40, 28/308,and 35/106).• If someone does so because of laziness or without a validreason, then it is disbelief according to the correctopinion.(Fasiq or Kufr ?)• Proofs: “So if they repent and establish the Prayer andpay the Zakat, then they are your brothers in thereligion.” (at-Tawba 9: 11)“Verily, between a man and Shirk and Kufr is theabandonment of the Prayer.” (Muslim)
  • Adhan and Iqamah• Sunnah to give Adhan. Even if alone• Fajr has two Adhan• False Dawn• True Dawn• Adhan’s Dua and Rasul (saw) will intercede• Intention is a must• Muadhdhin must be a trustworthy person• Two types of Adhan• 15 Phrases• 19 Phrases• Three types of Iqamah• 11 Phrases• 17 Phrases• 15 Phrases
  • Adhan and Iqamah• Abu Hurayrah (radhi Allahu ‘anhu) narrates, the Messenger(sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “If people would know whatis there (as reward) in (calling for) adhan and (praying) in thefirst row, they would have to draw lots for them (to avoidconflict over them).” *Bukhari]• If you are calling for the adhan, then do it regularly.• The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “On the Day ofJudgment, the mu’adhins will come having the longest necks.”This is a sign of their excellence. When the mu’adhin calls forthe adhan, he extends his neck as much as possible.• The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “On the Day ofJudgment, everything around the mu’adhin while he wascalling the adhan will testify for him.”
  • Pre-Condition of Salah - Time of Salah• “Verily salaah is at fixed times for the believers”[An-Nisaa’,4:103]• Times of each salah• Ibn Abbas narrated that the Angel Jibreel led the Prophet to teach him the prayer times. On the first day, heprayed all the prayers at the beginning of their respective times and on the second day he delayed the prayersuntil just before the end of their times for all prayers except maghrib where he instead prayed in on both daysat the same time, and then said, “…the time of each salat is between these two times.” *Tirmidhi]Action of Salah• Every Obligatory acts in Islam has• Shurut(Conditions) – e.g the person must be muslims, have iman, be sane etc.• Shurut of action itself – e.g when praying the salah, the place needs to beclean, body needs to clean etc.• Arkan – Obligations that can not be compensated for. Integrals, Pillars etc.• Wajibat - Obligations• Sunan – Preferred Actions• Adhab - Etiquette
  • Pre-Condition of Salah• Purification from minor and major ritual impurities(Wudu/Bath)• Removal of physical filth (impurities), from body, cloths andplace of worship• Covering the awrah• Awrah is a term which denotes the parts of the body that are not meant to be exposed in public.• O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and goinground (the Tawaf of ) the Kabah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He(Allah) likes not Al-Musrifûn (those who waste by extravagance). [Al A’raaf 7:31]• Facing the direction of the qiblah• An-Niyyah, the intention for salah• The continuation of the acts of salat without long intermission• To avoid any foreign speech
  • Arkan(Pillars) of Salah• There are 14 integral parts (Arkaan) of the prayer:These pillars are absolutely essential; a Muslim is not excusedfrom any of them except by inability. Whoever misses a pillarintentionally or forgetfully, or adds a pillar intentionally, then hisPrayer is invalid.• 1. Standing up (if one is able), due to the statement of Allah:• “...And stand *in Prayer+ for Allah attentively.” (al-Baqarah 2: 238)• 2. Takbeeratul-Ihram due to the hadeeth:• “The key to Prayer is purification; its start is the Takbeer and itsendingis the Tasleem.” (Ahmed no. 1006, Abu-Dawud no. 61 andothers)• 3. Reciting the Fatihah due to the statement of Rasool-Allahsallahu ‘aliha wa sallam:• “There is no Prayer for the one who does not recite the openingchapter of the Book.” (al-Bukhari no. 756; Muslim no. 394)
  • Arkan(Pillars) of Salah Cont…• 4. Bowing Down (Ruku)• 5. Standing up after bowing(Raising Up from the Ruku)• 6. Prostrating on the seven parts of the body: These are the forehead and nose(which count as one, because they are part of one face), two hands, two knees andtwo feet.• 7. Coming up from the prostration• 8. Sitting up between the prostrations: This is agreed upon by all the scholars.• 9. The final sitting: This is a matter of complete consensus.• 10. The final Tashahhud, as in the hadeeth where the Prophet sallahu ‘aliha wasallam taught Ibn-Mas’ud to say it in the Prayer.• 12. Saying the prayers for the Prophet Muhammad (saw)• 11. The first tasleem: the pillar is only up to “as-salaamu alaikum”; as for the restof it (“wa rahmatullah” and the second tasleem), those are sunnah.• 13. Praying in the order recorded from the Prophet sallahu ‘aliha wa sallam. Theproof for this is that it has never been reported from the Prophet sallahu ‘aliha wasallam that he ever prayed in any other way.• 14. Possessing tranquility and calmness during Prayer – even if it be only a smallamount.
  • Obligatory actions (waajibaat) in PrayerThese are the actions in the Prayer that, if one omits any one of themintentionally one’s Prayer is invalid; and if one misses it forgetfully during thePrayer or a little after, then one has to offer the prostrations of forgetfulness.• 1. Transitional Takbeer• 2. Supplications in Bowing & Prostration• 3. Supplication when getting up from Bowing• 4. Sitting down and reciting the first tashahhud after the firsttwo rakaats (units) of Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers.
  • The Sunnah acts of Salah• 1. Placing a sutra (barrier) in the front between the personpraying and the qiblah• 2. Raising the hands on saying the takbir• Imams Abu Hanifah, Malik : Only raise the hands for the opening takbir.• Imams Shafi’ee, Ahmad : Raise the hands:• 1. At the opening of salat• 2. Before bowing for ruku’• 3. After rising up from ruku’• 4. After finishing the first tashahhud• 3. Folding the right hand on the left hand• 4. Looking down towards the spot of one’s prostration• 5. Commencing the salah with the prescribed du’a• 6. A’meen (saying Ameen)• 7. Quiet in three places of Salah• 8. Spreading between the feet in the standing position
  • The Sunnah acts of Salah Cont…• 9. Reciting Surah after Fatiha• 10. Reciting du’a between the two sujood• 11. Should a person recite Bismillah aloud or not ?• a. Argument for :: Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0790 to 0791• b.. Argument against :: Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0786 to 0788• 12. Should follower recite loudly behind the Imam in Jammah ?• a. Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0783 to 0785• 13. Should follower read Fatihah in Jammah ?• Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 723• Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0771 to 0782• 13. Rasul (saw) used to raise his hands before and after Ruku. 50companions narrated in favor of which 10 are promised Jannah.• a. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 702 to 706• b. Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0758 to 07632
  • The Sunnah acts of Salah Cont…• 14. Dua after standing up from Ruku• 15. How to go to prostration ?• a. Do not fold / tuck up clothing• Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 774, 776, 779 to 780• 16. What to do in the state of Prostration ? Dhikr & the way to prostate• Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 785• 17. What to do when sitting between two prostrations ?• 18. Where to place your hand and what to do with the finger in the Tashahhud ?• 19. Prophet used to keep his index finger pointed throughout the Tashahhud• 20. Dua after Tashahhud not necessarily Dua Ibrahimah• a. Blessings on the Prophet• i. Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0803 to 0808• b. Durud or Dua Ibrahimah• i. Mohammad ibn Abdul Wahab (Hanbali) made this wajib/obligatory• 21. One can supplicate as much as they after this Dua• 22. Do not look at the sky• a. Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 717• b. Sahih Muslim, Book 4, 0862 to 0863
  • Makrooh (Abominable) Acts of Salah• 1. To omit one of the wajibaat intentionally.• 2. Moving without any excusable reason• 3. To close the eyes• 4. To look away from the spot of one’s prostration• 5. To pray while in need of going to the bathroom• 6. Yawning• 7. To spread the forearms on the ground• 8. To wear clothes untidily• 9. To wear clothes that carry distractive designs or images• 10. To wear tight clothes
  • Mubah (Permissible) Acts of SalahActs that do not nullify the salat and do not lessen the reward.• 1. To pray behind a human who is praying or sitting down.• 2. To move and take action in order to remove an eminentharm.• 3. To assist the imam if he makes a mistake.• 4. To respond to the salaam by raising the hand.• 5. To respond to a caller by sign.
  • Prostration of forgetfulness• 1. If one adds something to the Prayer• 2 Types:• Adding something that is from the actions of Prayer itself• If this is done intentionally then the Prayer is invalid,• If it is done inadvertently, then one should offer two prostrations of forgetfulness,• Adding something that is not from the actions of Prayer• If it is a lot: refer Alkauthar note(P32)• If it is only a little:• 2. If one omits something from the Prayer : One can omit either anobligatory action or a pillar from his Prayer:• Obligatory action omitted: then one should perform the prostrations of forgetfulness.• Pillar of Prayer omitted: If one does this intentionally, then the Prayer is incomplete. If one does itforgetfully, then if one has moved onto the next recitation of the next rak’ah the incomplete rak’ah isinvalidated and the new rak’ah takes on the count of the previous (invalidated) one. If, however, onehas not yet gone to the next recitation, then one should go back to where the pillar was omittedfrom, and then do the prostration of forgetfulness at the end.• 3. If one is in doubt• If one doubts whether one has done a pillar or not, then one should consider that one has yet to doit.• Whoever doubts the number of rak’ahs he has prayed, then he should base it on the least mostcertain possibility (e.g. if it might be 3 and might be 4, then assume 3 and continue accordingly).
  • Prostration of forgetfulnessHow to do Sajda Sahu ?• If the prostrations are due to an omission, offer them beforethe tasleem.• If the prostrations are due to an increase, offer them after thetasleem.• If a person in doubt built the case upon the least most certain,then offer them before the tasleem; if the imam acted uponthe most probable case, then it should be after the tasleem.• Whether the prostrations are offered before or after, this is amatter of recommendation only. Ultimately, whenever theyare offered they are correct and sufficient.• There is no tashahhud after the prostrations of forgetfulness.If a person is doing the prostrations after the tasleem, then heshould do another tasleem or set of tasleems.
  • Salat al-Musaafir (Traveler Salah)• Al-Qasr (shortening the salah)• Imam Abu Hanifah: It is wajib• Imam Malik: It is highly recommended• Imams Shafi’ee, Ahmad: It is permissible concession• Minimum Distance to allow Qasr :• Imams Abu Hanifah, Shafi’ee, Malik, Ahmad: Distance of travelingapproximately 81 km / 50 miles• Group of Pious Predecessors: There is no specific distance, as long as it iscalled ‘safar’• Time-period that constitutes residency• Imam Abu Hanifah: 15+ days• Imams Shafi’ee, Malik, Ahmad: 4+ days
  • Combining Fard Salah• According to Imam Abu Hanifah, there is no such thing ascombining between salawat. The majority of the fuqaha allowyou to combine between salawat for different reasons, butdiffer on the reasons.• Because of the rain: This cannot be done if you are going tobe in the same place for dhuhr and asr.• Because of excessive fear: If there is a situation thatprevents people from going to the masjid, then they cancombine the salawat.• Because of excessive pressing need. Imam Shaafi’ee andMaalik: rain and extreme fear only, and Imam Shaafi’eeadds: cold weather. Imam Ahmad allows for any extremeneed such as a woman who has an extreme situation in thehouse or the sick person.
  • Forms of Nafl Salah• Ar-Rawaatib: Regular :• 10 Rak’at• Abdullah ibn Omar narrated, I mastered from the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) ten(voluntary) Rak’aat, two Rak’aat before the Dhuhr Salat and two after it; two Rak’aat afterMaghrib Salat in his house and two Rak’aat after ‘Isha Salat in his house, and two Rak’aatbefore Fajr Salat.” *Bukhari and Muslim]• 12 Rak’at• Umm Habeeba narrated, she heard the Messenger say: “Whoever Prays twelve (voluntary)Rak’aat in a day and a night, a house will be built for him/her in Paradise.” *Muslim+• In another version: “Four Rak’aat before Dhuhr and two after it; and two Rak’aat after Maghriband two after ’Isha and two Rak’aat before Fajr.” *Tirmidhi]• 14 Rak’at• Aisha narrated, the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever Prays regularly fourRak’aat before Dhuhr and four Rak’aat after Dhuhr, Allah will forbid him Hell-Fire.” *Ahmad]• Al-Witr: The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) would never miss this salaheven when he was traveling.• 1, 3, 5. 7 Rak’at etc• According to Imam Abu Hanifah: 3 like salat al maghrib. according to the majority: theminimum is one. Also, according to the majority of the fuqaha, do not pray it likemaghrib. If you are praying 5 or 7, then it is seven continuous rak’ah with tashahhud at
  • KHUSHU’ IN SALAH• Khushu’ is to be still, calm, and relaxed. It is how focused, concentrated and aware you are of Allah (swt). Tohelp internalise and achieve khushu in your salah, ensure that the external aspects are there.• There is a hadith, where Prophet (SAW) said if one is in the masjid waiting for Salah, it is as though he is actuallyin Salah.• Things to do before you start your salah:• 1. Prepare for Salah ahead of time• 2. Do not challenge your stomach, and eat first.• 3. If you need to answer the call of nature, then do it first.• 4. Do not pray if you were overtaken by slumber or fatigue.• 5. Make a thorough Wudu, enough time prior to your Salah.• 6. Dress nicely for your Salah.• 7. Select a place or spot where there will be less or no distractions.• 8. Come early to your Salah whether at home or in the Masjid.• 9. Race for the first row, in order to have less distraction.• 10. Pray as close as possible to the Imam.• 11. Repeat the words of the Adhan after the Mu’adhdin.• 12. Pray your Nafl Salah.• 13. Pray behind a Sutrah.• 14. Read some Qur’an (especially what you plan to recite in your Salah).• 15. Make some Du’a and Dhikr.• 16. If praying in the Masjid, don’t talk too much with people until after Salah is over.• 17. Do not look around and get distracted in the Masjid; focus on this upcoming event (Salah).• 18. If praying in congregation, straighten your lines for the Salah.• 19. Contemplate about the greatness of whom you are standing before.• 20. Remember the salaf and how they performed their Salah.• 21. Contemplate over the excellences and virtues of Khushu’.• 22. Remember to consider this your final Salah.
  • KHUSHU’ IN SALAH Cont…• Means required during the Salah:• 1. Contemplate over the word Allahu Akbar while raising your hands up. You are throwing everythingbehind your back and focusing on the salah.• 2. Considering the status of ihsan, ‘Pray as if you see Allah, if not then that as He sees you.’• 3. Fold your hands, the right on the left and look with your eyes down in humility. You are putting yourselfin a position of humbleness to Allah (swt).• 4. Observe the Sunnah and correct way of Salah• 5. Bring tranquility to your Salah and slow down the pace of your recitation.• 6. Start with commencing Du’a• 7. Contemplate over the ayat you recite, or try to understand what the imam is reciting. You cannot read atranslation while in salah (i.e. during Salah attaraweeh).• 8. Beautify the Quran with your voice. If you master tajwid, you will have a beautiful recitation.• 9. Remember that Allah answers you as you recite the Fatihah.• 10. Savor the sweetness of each position in Salah• 11. Adhkar of salah, learn more than just one• 12. Never look around or up• 13. Never let the designs of the prayer rug distract you• 14. Strive when overwhelmed with yawning• 15. Make lots of Du’a, especially in the Sujud
  • KHUSHU’ IN SALAH Cont…• Means required after the Salah:• 1. Do not move from your position right away. The Sunnah of the Prophet (saw) isto make tasbih in the same place. The Prophet (saw) said the angels make Du’a foryou until you move from your position or break the wudu.• 2. Do your Tasbih• 3. Do your dhikr and Du’a• 4. Review your Salah, and evaluate yourself• 5. Pray your Nafl Salah• 6. Look forward to the next Salah• The Post Salah Dhikr :• Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated, the Messenger (saw) said: “Whoever glorifies Allah atthe end of every Salah 33 times (subhanAllah) and praises Allah 33 times(alHamdulillah), and utters the word of Greatness 33 times (Allahu Akbar) that isninety nine, then completes it with one hundred saying: ‘la ilaha ilAllab wahdahu lashareeka lah lahul Mulk wa lahul hamd wa huwa ala kulli shay in qadir’ (There is nogod but Allah alone Who has no partner, to Him belongs the kingdom, to Himpraise is due, and He is Omnipotent) his shortcomings will be forgiven, even if it isas large as the froth in the sea.” [Muslim]
  • Salah (English Meaning)1-Intention (it is a determination in the heart that you are performing a particular Salah;not to be uttered).2-Face the direction of the Qiblah (Sacred House in Makkah Known as Kabah). Raise yourhands to the level of the shoulders, or earlobes, and sayALLAHU AKBAR3-Place the right hand over the left on the chest. Look at the place of prostration withoutlowering your head:4- Recite the Opening Invocation (duaa) for Salah:• [Subhanaka Allaahumma wa bihamdika tabaarakas muka wa taaalaa jadduka walaa ilaaha ghairuk.]• O Allaah! I declare You far removed from above all imperfection, and that You deserveall Praise. Blessed is Your Name. Your Majesty (Glory and Might) is Exalted., and thereis no true God Worthy of Worship Except You
  • Salah (English Meaning)5-Recitation of Soorat Al-Faatiha (Opening Chapter of the Quran): Must be recited inevery unit of prayer (Rakah). Begin by utter the following with a low voice:Aoodthu billahi minash-shaitanir-rajeem.•(I seek Refuge with Allaah from Satan, the outcast.)Bismillaahir-Rahmannir-Raheem(In the Name of Allaah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful, I begin-)-All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, the Lord of the Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all thatexists).- The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.- The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day ofResurrection)- You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).- Guide us to the Straight Way- The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those whoearned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as theChristians).At the end, you must say Aameen
  • Salah (English Meaning)6-Rukoo (Bowing Down)(i) raise the hands as described previously (see above) and say ALLAAHU AKBAR (Allaah isthe Greater) while going into the bowing position.(ii) In bowing posture, put the hands on the knees and grab them with your elbows awayfrom your sides, and your back straightened with the head leveled with your back(iii) While in Bowing position one says:Subhanna Rabbiyal Adheem (3 times)Far removed from every imperfection is my Rabb (Lord), the Great. [3 times].7-Standing Erect (Qiyaam) after Rukoo:(i) Rise from bowing, raising you hands to the levels of the shoulders, or earlobes, saying:SamiAllahu li man hamdidahAllaah hears the one who praises Him.ii) Stand upright until ones very parts take their positions and say:Rabbana walakal-hamdO our Rabb (Lord)! All the praise is due to You.
  • Salah (English Meaning)8- The Sujood (Prostration) & Juloos (Sitting):(i) Reach the ground with the hands first and then the knees while sayingALLAAHU AKBAR (Allaah is the Greater), and rest on your palms and place yourforehead, nose, knees, and feet on the floor with your belly away from your thighs.Toes should be erected and directed to the Qiblah. Your arms should be away fromthe ground, as bellow, saying:Subhaana Rabiyyal-Alaa (3 times)"Far removed is my Rabb, the Most High, from any Imperfection"(iii) Then you raise your head while saying: ALLAAHU AKBAR (sometimes raisingones hands), sit on your left leg while keeping your right foot upright with its fingersto the Qiblah. Put your hands on your knees [see below], and supplicate saying:Rabbigh-fir leeO my Rabb! Forgive me.9-Sitting for Tashahhud (Testification of Faith):(i) Once you finish the second Rakah, follow the same way of sitting as above. Holdyour right hand closed with its thumb and middle finger touching each other like in acircle while pointing the index finger straight in the direction of the Qiblah andmoving it through the recitation of the Tashahhud
  • Salah (English Meaning)Attahiyyaatu lillaahi wassalawaatu wattayyibatu. Assalaamu alayka ayyuhan-Nabiyyi warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh. Assalaamu alyna wa ala ibaadillaahissaaliheen. Ash-hadu an laa ilaaha illallaah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadanabduhu wa rasooluh.All compliments [Allaah is free of all imperfection, His is the dominion,Magnificence, Endless existence belongs to Him], prayers, and pure words anddeeds, are due to Allaah. May Allaah grant the Prophet safety from all defects andimperfections and keep his message safe from all evil; [may Allaah grant him]mercy and honor. May safety and security be granted to us and to all the righteousslaves of Allaah. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped exceptAllaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.Allaahumma salli ala Muhammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama sallaita alaIbraaheem wa ala aali Ibraaheem innaka Hameedun Majeed, wabaarik alaMuhammad wa ala aali Muhamaad kama baarakta ala Ibraaheem wa ala aaliIbraaheem innaka Hameedun Majeed.O Allaah! Praise Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as You PraisedIbraaheem, and the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full ofGlory. And send blessings on Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as yousent blessings on Ibraaheem, and the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthyof Praise, Full of Glory.
  • Salah (English Meaning)10-Concluding Salah by Tasleem:•After you recite the Tashahhud and make the supplications, turn your head to•the right and say:•Assalaammu alaykum warahmatul-lahi wabarakatuh•May Allaahs Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon you.• Then turn your head left and say:• Assalaammu alaykum warahmatul-laah
  • SummaryA Practical Example of Salah