Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Microbial resources
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Microbial resources

  • 1,995 views
Published

as a partial fulfilment for the course Env. 704 …

as a partial fulfilment for the course Env. 704
Pre. M.Sc. In environmental sciences
Dec. 2012
Faculty of science
Alexandria University.

Published in Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • good psesentation
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,995
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
35
Comments
1
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Microbial resources Mohamed WahbyPowerPoint presentation as a partial fulfilment for the course Env. 704 Pre. M.Sc. In environmental sciences Dec. 2012
  • 2. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 2 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 3. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 3 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 4. Microorganisms• Microorganisms include bacteria, fungi, archaea or protists, but not viruses and prions, which are generally classified as http://tbi.montana.edu/outreach/hotscience non-living. /materials/resources/TreeofLife_TBI.jpghttp://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/m/microorganism.htm Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 4 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 5. Microorganisms• Harmful or beneficial?http://meadfamilydental.com/wp- http://www.interactive-biology.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Photo-Mar-27- content/uploads/2012/08/Probiotic-12-45-02-AM.jpg Yogurt-862x1024.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 5 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 6. Microorganisms• Their role in nature: Carbon cycle Brock – Biology- of microorganisms – 13th edition - Chapter 24 Mohamed Wahby Alexandria University - 6 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 7. Microorganisms • Their role in nature: Nitrogen cyclehttp://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/the-nitrogen-cycle/trend10-2s-soer2010-eps/TREND10-2S-nitrogen-cycle.eps.75dpi.gif/image Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 7 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 8. Microorganisms • Their role in nature: Nitrogen cycleBrock – Biology of microorganisms –13th edition - Chapter 24 Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 8 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 9. Microorganisms• Their role in nature: Sulphur cycle http://img.docstoccdn.com/thumb/orig/120991179.png Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 9 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 10. Microorganisms • Their role in nature: Sulphur cycleBrock – Biology of microorganisms –13th edition - Chapter 24 Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 10 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 11. Microorganisms• Bacteria http://www.scilogs.com/import-data/images/11/bacteria.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 11 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 12. Microorganisms• Why bacteria?• Oldest on earth• Nothing works without them• Basic and most studied organism• Everywhere http://tbi.montana.edu/outreach/hotscience /materials/resources/TreeofLife_TBI.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 12 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 13. Microorganisms• Why bacteria genetically?Simplicity and Polymerization rate Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - http://barleyworld.org/sites/default/files/figure-08-01_0.jpg 13 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 14. Microorganisms• Why bacteria physiologically? • Primary metabolites • Secondary metaboliteshttp://ebsbiowizard.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/bacterial-growth-curve.png Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 14 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 15. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 15 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 16. Production of antibiotics • Are produced from actinomycetes • Are naturals, semi-synthetics or synthetics • Classified according to their “mode of action”http://www.armradio.am/en/wp- http://muirbiology.files.wordpress.com/2012/1content/uploads/2012/11/antibiotik.jpg - Alexandria University - Mohamed Wahby 1/2012-11-01-14-41-22.jpg 16 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 17. DiscoverySir Alexander Fleming(National Library of Medicine/Photo Researchers, Inc.) Image taken from: “Deadly diseases and epidemics, antibiotics-resistant bacteria”. Patrick G. Guilfoile, Ph.D. FOUNDING EDITOR, The Late I. Edward Alcamo. Distinguished Teaching Professor of Microbiology, SUNY Farmingdale. FOREWORD BY David Heymann. World Health Organization. Library of Congress Cataloging-in- Publication Data. ISBN: 978-0-7910-9188-3 Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 17 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 18. Photograph of the originalculture plate of the fungusPenicillium notatum madeby Sir Alexander Fleming (St.Mary’sHospital MedicalSchool/Photo Researchers,Inc.) Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 18 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 19. Production of antibiotics • Principle: Substitutability test (in lab)• Bacterial susceptibility test. Practical section of course “General bacteriology ” Mic.311. Department of Microbiology, faculty of science, Alexandria University. Semester Autumn 2010. Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 19 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 20. Production of vinegar• Principle: AcetobacterOkafor - Modernindustrial microbiologyand biotechnology –Chapter 14 –Production of vinegar http://www.foodsketches.com/_media/_suppliers/_pics/10.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 20 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 21. Production of single cell protein • Dairy wastes: Whey Okafor - Modern industrial microbiology and biotechnology – Chapter 15 – Single cell proteinhttp://www.eplantscience.com/botanical_biotechnology_biology_chemistry/biotechnology/microbial_biotechnology/single_cell_protein_scp_and_mycoprotein/biotech_scp_production_of_yeast_biomass.php Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 21 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 22. Production of E162http://www.ajinomoto.com/amino/eng/img/1_5_image.gif Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 22 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 23. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 23 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 24. Microbial bio-control• Bacillus thuringiensishttp://www.biocontrol.entomology.cornell.edu/pathogens/bacteria.html Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 24 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 25. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 25 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 26. Water borne diseaseshttp://www.righttoplay.com/International/news-and-media/PublishingImages/GOOD.png Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 26 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 27. • Guidelines for drinking- water quality - 4th edition – WHO – Chapter 7, Microbial aspects Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 27 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 28. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 28 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 29. Biodegradation of plastic Ralstonia eutropha http://techcrunch.com/2011/03/08/sodastream- coca-cola-sustainable-packaging/http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Rals Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 29tonia_eutropha Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 30. Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 30 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 31. Effect of genetically modified plants on soil microorganisms• “… Overall, the GM crops investigated so far seem to have little or no effect on soil microbial communities. The methods used, although suitable in different ways for the analysis of multiple sample numbers, were sensitive enough to detect changes due to environmental factors such as plant growth development, soil type, and year… ”From Mitchell and Dong – environmental microbiology – 2nd edition – Chapter 10 - 2010 Wiley-Blackwell. Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 31 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 32. Biodegradation and phytoremediation http://nac.unl.edu/bufferguidelines/guidelines /3_productive_soils/5.htmlhttp://newspaper.li/static/e9b7c973691655ac2c84aecdae6a8dc5.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 32 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 33. Contents• Introduction• In industry• Microbial insecticides (Biological control)• Water borne pathogens in developing countries• Biodegradation• Genetic engineering associated questioning• Climatic change effect on microorganism’s Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 33 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 34. The effect of climatic change on microorganism’shttp://www.emlab.com/m/media/TempRanges_ER0807_Fig1.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 34 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 35. In Egypthttp://www.narg.org.uk/images/egypt_satphoto_google.jpg Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 35 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 36. Conclusion• Microorganisms are the main player in every process takes place on earth• Microorganisms are an important (could be essential in some cases) source of food and products• Every living being on earth is affected by climate change, even the unseen ones. Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 36 Faculty of science - Microbial resources
  • 37. References• Ralph Mitchell and Ji-Dong Gu – Environmental microbiology – 2nd edition - Wiley-Blackwell, 2010• Jacquelyn G. Black – Microbiology, principles and explortaions – 7th edition - Wiley-Blackwell, 2008• Nduka Okafor – Modern industrial microbiology and biotechnology – Science publisher, 2007• Brock – Biology of microorganisms – 13th edition - Pearson Education 2012, 2009, 2006• Promila Parihar – Microbiology and immunology – Swastik Publisher & distributors, 2009• Naill A. Logan – Bacterial systematic - Wiley-Blackwell, 1994 Mohamed Wahby - Alexandria University - 37 Faculty of science - Microbial resources