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Scientific Miracles in the Holy Quran

Scientific Miracles in the Holy Quran

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  • 1. SCIENTIFIC MIRACLES INTHE GLORIOUS QUR’AN
  • 2. Consultant Physician and NephrologistMRCP (UK) , FRCP (Edinburgh), FRCP (London)King Fahad Specialist Hospital -
  • 3. The Scientific Miracles in The Holy Quran (Examples)• Al-Nasiyah (front of the head and the brain) in The Holy Quran and medicine (Prefrontal lobe).• Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) functions and ablution (Wudu).• Breast feeding in The Holy Quran.• Embryology in The Holy Quran.• Iron (Fe) in The Holy Quran and medicine.• Water (H2O) in The Holy Quran, science and medicine.• Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) e.g. AIDS in Islamic teaching and medicine.
  • 4. INTRODUCTION• Message of Holy Quran.• Number of medical and cosmic verses (ayaat) in the Holy Quran (ayaat with scientific reference).• The Holy Quran and science.• The Quranic system in the mankind and universe.• Two books (The Holy Quran and the universe).• The rationale for recurrence of ayaat of scientific reference in The Holy Quran.
  • 5. • The Qura’n is a book of faith (Iman) and guidance (Hidaayah). It also includes educational dimensions for the establishment of a virtuous society. Allah (SW says: T) " ‫و ن ز ل نا ع لَ يْ ك ا ل ك تا ب ت بْ يا نا ل ك ل‬ ّ ُ ّ ً َ ِ َ َِ ْ َ َ َّْ ََ ٍ ْ َ ‫شيء‬89 :‫النحل‬ َ‫" و ه دى و ر ح م ة و ب ش رى ل ل م س ل مي ن‬ ِ ِْ ُ ِْ َ ْ َُ ً َ ْ َ َ ً ُ َ "And we have sent down to thee the book explaining all things, a guide, a mercy and glad tidings to muslim ”(An s Nahl:89) .
  • 6. • There are many verses ( ayaat) in Al Qur’an al Kareem which deal with different branches of science ( medical and cosmic).• W have reviewed and classified these verses e according to their scientific topics and also studied the rationale behind their recurrence in the Qur’an.
  • 7. • The results were as follows:First: There are approximately 1200 ayaat which refer to the different sciences, which constitutes nearly 20% of the total number of ayaat (6236) in Al Qur’an al Kareem.
  • 8. Second: There are approximately 70 ayaat praising Science and Scientists, encouraging them to be involved in discovering the universe for the good of humanity. As a matter of fact the first five ayaat revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH ) ordered him to read and learn.
  • 9. ‫اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق )1( خلق النسان من علق )2( اقرأ وربك‬ (5) ‫الكرم )3( الذي علم بالقلم )4( علم النسان ما لم يعلم‬:‫العلق‬ 5 -1Read! In the Nam of your L e ord, W has created ho(1) H created m froma clot (2) R as an ead! Andyour L is the M Generous,(3) W has taught ord ost hoby the pen,(4) H taught m that which he knew as annot (5) Al-Alaq 1-5
  • 10. Third: The studied ayaat were categorized according to their scientific topics as follows:Medicine 416 Geology 69Physics 138 Seas & Rivers 35Biology 130 Transportation 28Astronomy & Cosmology 105 Origin of Man & others 27Geography 98 Engineering 12Agriculture 89 Chesmistry 11 Language of birds &Math. & Statistics 79 8 animalsAll of the above & others
  • 11. The System of The Holy Quran: in the Universe and Mankind!!
  • 12. THE TRUTH (AYAAT)MANKIND The Holy UNIVERSE QURAN SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
  • 13. TWO BOOKS !! (Quran and Universe)• 1st. The written and readable book !! (The Quran – words of Allah -SWT)• 2nd. The visible book !! (The universe – created by Allah -SWT)!
  • 14. Recurrence of the following words in Holy Quran• Day : 365 times .• Month : 12 times .• Moon : 27 times .• Sun : 33 times .• Sun and Moon in same Ayaah : 19 times.
  • 15. Al-Nasiyah(front of the head & the brain)
  • 16. • The holy Qur’an describes the front of the head in the disbelievers being lying and sinful !! ‫) سورة‬ (‫) ناصية كاذبة خاطئة‬ (16 :‫العلق‬ Allah (SWT) says: (a lying sinful nasiyah (front of the head). (96: 16)
  • 17. • Since the front of the head does not speak, how can it be described as being lying? It does not commit sins. How is it then said to be sinful?
  • 18. • The linguistic meaning of the Ayah .‫) كل لئن لم ينته لنسفعا بالناصية‬ (‫ناصية كاذبة خاطئة‬ - 15 :‫العلق‬ 16Allah (SWT) says: (Let him beware! If hedoes not stop, We will take him by thenasiyah, a lying, sinful nasiyah!) (96:15-16)Al-Nasiyah: the front of the head.
  • 19. • Most commentators have interpreted this Verse metaphorically, saying that describing the nasiyah being lying and sinful is not to be taken literally; the description is attributed to the owner of the nasiyah and not to the nasiyah itself.
  • 20. • Other commentators did not comment on the Verse sparing themselves the involvement in something beyond their knowledge and the knowledge of their age.
  • 21. Functions of prefrontal area in the brain:• The function of this part of the brain that lies in the font of the human head (the prefrontal cortex ) is to control the human behavior.
  • 22. • The prefrontal cortex constitutes the bulk of the frontal lobe of the brain, and its function is involved in the making of one’s personality. It is also considered as a superior center among the centers of concentration, thinking and memory. It plays a significant role in the person’s emotion and it is somehow concerned with initiative and discrimination.
  • 23. • Prof. Dr. Keith Moore, who stated that the front of the head is responsible for judging and for directing human behavior. The working organs of the body (e.g. the limbs or tongue) are but tools to carry out the decision made in the front of the head
  • 24. • He, confirming what he had said, added: “When a person intends to tell a lie, the decision is made in the frontal lobe of the brain, which is the front of the head. If he wants to commit a sin, the decision is made there, too”
  • 25. Functional MRI of the brain
  • 26. Functional MRI of the brainshowing the area of lying in the prefrontal cortex
  • 27. ‫صور حقيقية لدماغ إنسان بالرنين المغناطيسي‬ ‫الوظيفي، يظهر وجود نشاط كبير في مقدمة الفص‬ ‫المامي أثناء ممارسة الكذب. الصورة اليسرى تمثل‬‫الدماغ في حالة الصدق، ثم تليها صور لحالت متدرجة‬ ‫في الكذب، حيث نلحظ ازدياد حجم البقعة الصفراء‬‫التي تمثل نشاط الدماغ في المنطقة المامية، ويزداد‬ ‫هذا النشاط تدريجيا كلما تعمد النسان الكذب أكثر.‬ ‫‪http://www.idealibrary.com‬‬
  • 28. Conclusion• Prof. Keith Moore, illustrating this Scientific Miracle, says: “The information we now know about the function of the brain, was not mentioned throughout history, nor do we find anything about it in the medical books. Should we survey all the medical literature during the time of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and several centuries thereafter, we would find no mention of the function of the frontal lobe (nasiyah), or an explanation of it or a statement about it except in this Book (the Holy Qur’an), which indicates that such information is of the Knowledge of Allah, the Almighty, Who knows everything, and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger”
  • 29. !!‫سجود الدماغ‬ !! Prostration of the brain ‫قال تعالى: ) ولله يسجد من في‬ ‫السموات والرض‬ ‫طوعا وكرها وظللهم بالغدو‬• Allah (SWT) says in The Holy Quran: 15 :‫الرعد‬ (‫والصال‬ (And to Allah prostrates whoever is within the heaven and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and their shadows (as well) in the mornings and the afternoons) Surrah 13: 15
  • 30. ‫‪Front and lateral views of the brain in‬‬‫‪prostration‬‬ ‫منظر أمامي وجانبي أيمن للدماغ تماثل‬ ‫إنسان في حالة السجود‬
  • 31. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID (CSF)1. Functions2. Sterile: The purest fluid in the body!3. Origin: Choroid plexus in the brain ventricle.4. Volume: about 125 ml5. Turn over (Circulation): 5 times during 24 hrs * (Ablution -Wudu For 5 prayers during 24 hrs!)* Cortex of neuroanatomy,by:Malclom Carpenter,P 28,3 rd edition (1999). International student edition, Baltimore- USA.
  • 32. CSF surrounding the brain Turn over (Circulation) of CSF: 5 times during 24 hrs!Ablution –Wudu of the brain for 5 prayers during 24 hrs!
  • 33. The rationale for recurrence of ayaat of scientificreference in The Holy Quran (Allah SWT knows best)
  • 34. A-To support the six principles of Faith (Iman), especially the Iman in Allah Almighty and in the hereafter.B-To stimulate thinking and scientific research in order to discover the universe.C- To express the power of Allah Almighty and his unique creations.D-To show the mercy and the numerous favours of Allah Almighty to mankind.E- To give evidence that the Qur’an is the word of Allah Almighty revealed to His Prophet Muhammad (PBU). The scientific miracle of Holy Qur’an.
  • 35. ‫( سنريهم آياتنا في الفاق وفي‬ ‫أنفسهم حتى يتبين لهم أنه الحق‬53 :‫أولم يكف بربك أنه على كل فصلت‬ ‫شيء‬ W will show themOur S )‫شهيد‬universe, and in their e igns in the ownselves, until it becom m es anifest to them that this (the Qurân) is the truth Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that H is a W e itness over all things? (Surah Fussilat: ayat 53)
  • 36. References:1- Lying brain, Science, 10 December 2004.2- You Cant Hide Your Lying Brain, www.signalplusnoise.com, 7 June 2003.3- Feroze B. Mohamed, Scott H. Faro, Nathan J. Gordon, Steven M. Platek, Harris Ahmad, and J. Michael Williams, Brain Mapping of Deception and Truth Telling about an Ecologically V . Radiology Volume 238, Issue.4- Thomas L. Bennett, Introduction to Physiological Psychology, Brooks/Cole Pub. Co. 1982.5- Maureen Morley, Brain imaging with MRI could replace lie detector, Radiological Society of North America, 29-Nov-2004.6- http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=252857- Keith Moore, The Development Human, Clinically Oriented Embryology, 3rd. Edition (1983), W.B. Saunders Co.
  • 37. W have deduced from our study and Allah eknows best, that the rationale for therecurrence of those ayaat are to achieve thefollowing aims:
  • 38. A- To support the six principles of Faith (Iman), especially the Iman in Allah Almighty and in the hereafter, for example Surah An-Nisa’ ayat no. 136. It was found that there is a strong correlation (about 92%) between such ayaat and these principles of Iman as follows:
  • 39. ‫) يا أيها الذين آ منوا آ منوا بالله‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ورسوله والكتاب الذي نزل على‬ ‫رسوله والكتاب الذي أنزل من‬ ‫قبل ومن يكفر بالله وملئكته‬ ‫النساء:‬‫وكتبه ورسله واليوم الخر فقد ضل‬ ‫631‬ ‫ضلل بعيدا(‬
  • 40. O you who believe! Believe in Allâh, and H M is essenger,and the Book which H has sent down to H M e is essenger,and the Scripture which H sent down to those before, eand whosoever disbelieves in Allâh, H Angels, H is isBooks, H M is essengers, and the L Day, then indeed he asthas strayed far away. An-Nisa’, 136
  • 41. Principles of Faith No.Iman in Allah Almighty 738Iman in Angels 24Iman in Holy Books 53Iman in Messengers 100Iman in the Hereafter 120Iman in Destiny 30
  • 42. B- The unprecedented nature of scientific content: to stimulate reflection and research in order to discover more about the universe.
  • 43. ‫) فتعالى ا الملك الحق ول تعجل‬ ‫بالقرآن من قبل أن يقضى إليك‬ 114 :‫طـه‬ )‫وحيه وقل رب زدني علما‬Then H above all be Allâh, the True K And be not igh ingin haste with the Qurân before its revelation iscompleted to you, and say: "M L y ord! Increase m in eknowledge" (Surah Taha: ayat 114)
  • 44. C- The scientific miracle of the Qur’an (I’jaz): to show and give evidence that the Qur’an is the word of Allah Almighty revealed to his Prophet Muhammad (PBU)
  • 45. ‫( سنريهم آياتنا في الفاق وفي‬ ‫أنفسهم حتى يتبين لهم أنه الحق‬53 :‫أولم يكف بربك أنه على كل فصلت‬ ‫شيء‬ W will show themOur S )‫شهيد‬universe, and in their e igns in the ownselves, until it becom m es anifest to them that this (the Qurân) is the truth Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that H is a W e itness over all things? (Surah Fussilat: ayat 53)
  • 46. D- To express the power of Allah Almighty and his unique creations ( Surah Al-Mu’minun: ayaat 21 -22) .‫) وإن لكم في النعام‬ ‫لعبرة‬ ‫نسقيكم مما في بطونها ولكم فيها‬ ‫منافع كثيرة ومنها تأكلون وعليها‬ )‫ وعلى الفلك تحملون‬eAnd Verily! In the cattle there is indeed a lesson for you W give youto drink (m of that which is in their bellies And there are, in them ilk) ,numerous (other) benefits for you, and of them you eat and on them,and on ships you are carried
  • 47. E- To show the mercy and the numerous favours of Allah Almighty to mankind ( Surah An-Nahl:ayat 18) .‫تعدوا نعمة ا ل تحصوها إن ا لغفور‬ And if you would count the graces of Allâh, never could you be able to count them Truly! Allâh is Oft- Forgiving, M M ost erciful