Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms


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Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

  1. 1. Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms 9/23/08 Lesson Ch 13 Section 1 Modupe Alabi
  2. 2. Main Idea <ul><li>Many Germanic kingdoms that succeeded the Roman Empire were united under Charlemagne's empire. </li></ul><ul><li>So what’s the point? </li></ul><ul><li>Charlemagne spread Christian civilization through Northern Europe, where it had a permanent impact. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary a.k.a words you might want to know <ul><li>Middle Ages- The medieval period spanning the years 500-1500 </li></ul><ul><li>Franks- A Germanic people who settled in Gaul (modern day France), they were a great empire in the Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Monastery- A religious community of men (monks) who devote their lives to prayer and religious service </li></ul><ul><li>Secular- Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters </li></ul><ul><li>Carolingian Dynasty- a dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting from A.D. 751- 987 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Invasion of Western Europe <ul><li>Part of the Roman Empire’s decline was from Germanic Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants faced takeovers from land and sea  economy was destroyed (Disruption of trade) </li></ul><ul><li>As the empire fell, people left the cities  downfall of cities as administrative centers </li></ul><ul><li>As cities collapsed, nobles fled to the countryside, without strong leaders, the people left too (cowards) and started growing their own food, the population shift ed to western Europe </li></ul>
  5. 5. Invasion of Western Europe 2 <ul><li>The Decline of Learning- Basically, the Germanic Invaders were illiterate, and as they invaded, Roman people fled and stopped caring about education (spread of stupidity), in all the chaos, Roman knowledge of Greek was lost, (Germans had only song and legend to represent culture, no language was actually written) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Loss of a common language <ul><li>Loss of a Common Language- as German and Roman people mixed, authentic Latin was forgotten, different dialects developed: French, Spanish and other languages were born by the 800s </li></ul>
  7. 7. More Information <ul><li>As the Germans moved in on Roman territory, lots of things changed including government. The German warriors didn’t believe in kings they didn’t know, so they didn’t follow rule. This made it hard to establish government in large areas </li></ul><ul><li>The Franks ruled Gaul, their leader Clovis brought Christianity to the region and called on God in battle, developing a stronger bond between the Church of Rome and the Franks. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Germans adopt Christianity <ul><li>By 600, many people had converted to Christianity with the help of the Franks </li></ul><ul><li>Monasteries were built because of rural conditions, women had the same thing except they were called nuns and lived in convents. Monasteries were a large center of education (accomplishments of monks like a “history of England”) </li></ul><ul><li>In 520, Benedict (monk) and his sister Scholastica (nun) put into effect a book of rules for life in convents and monasteries </li></ul><ul><li>In 590, Gregory 1 expanded the authority of a Pope to the center of Roman govt. The papacy became secular and got involved in politics. He used money to build armies, roads and help the poor </li></ul><ul><li>A “churchy” kingdom became a dominant theme throughout the Middle Ages. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Even more information … <ul><li>By 700, a major domo (mayor of the palace) was the most powerful person in the Frankish Kingdom. In 719, this was Charles Martel (Christian Hero) who extended Frankish reign in all directions. He also defeated Muslims in Spain (Battle of Tours), if it wasn’t for him winning, then Europe might’ve become a Muslim empire. </li></ul><ul><li>After his death, Martel’s son Pepin decided he wanted to be King. The pope later anointed him “king by the grace of God” and began the Carolingian Dynasty who ruled from 751 to 987. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Charlemagne Becomes Emperor <ul><li>717, Charlemagne came into power over the Frankish kingdom. He expanded the empire, fought Spanish Muslims and tribes from other Germanic tribes. He limited authority, managed his estates and encouraged learning. In 800 when the empire was larger than the Byzantine, Charlemagne was historically crowned “Roman Emperor”. </li></ul><ul><li>Before he died, he crowned his son Louis the Pious, emperor. Louis, an ineffective ruler, then left the empire to his three sons who fought for control of the empire. In 843, they signed the Treaty of Verdun which divided the empire into three. This led to the loss of central authority, the decline of Charlemagne’s Empire. </li></ul>