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World gbc government_leadership_award_publication-rmon World gbc government_leadership_award_publication-rmon Document Transcript

  • EXCE LLE NCE I N CITY POLICYFOR G R E E N B U I LDI NG
  • “The inaugural WorldGBC Government Leadership Awardsaim to showcase how leadership and policies at the citylevel can minimize our greenhouse gas emissions, improvethe livability of our communities and boost local economies.Buildings represent an unrivalled opportunity to reduce globalgreenhouse gas emissions, and cities play an increasinglycritical role in seizing this opportunity.Our judges have been very impressed with the 22 citiesnominated for the award, representing all regions and bothdeveloped and developing economies. The city policiesreceiving awards reflect a diverse and effective mix ofstrategies, from mandatory efficiency targets and performancedisclosure to voluntary incentives and innovative fundingmechanisms. We hope their leadership inspires other cities totransform their own built environments.” Jane Henley CEO, World Green Building Council
  • EXCE LLE NCE I N CITY POLICYFOR G R E E N B U I LDI NG
  • “Local Action Moves the World has been our motto, and cities have indeed shown progressive action towards greener development. ICLEI is happy to be a partner to the WorldGBC Government Leadership Awards that recognize world-leading policies by city and regionalgovernments as an incentive for more local leaders to follow.” Konrad Otto-Zimmermann Secretary General, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability
  • CONTENTSIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Award Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32011 WorldGBCGOVERNMENT LEADERSHIP AWARD WINNERSBEST GREEN BUILDING POLICYSan Francisco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4LOCAL CLIMATE ACTION LEADERSHIP AWARDMexico City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6URBAN RETROFIT AWARDBirmingham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8REGIONAL LEADERSHIP AWARDSingapore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10INDUSTRY TRANSFORMATION AWARDNew York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12MOST GROUNDBREAKING POLICYTokyo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Nominees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Partner Organizations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
  • Introduction The World Green Building Council (WorldGBC) is holding its first World Green Building Council Government Leadership Awards in 2011, for presentation at COP-17 in Durban, South Africa. The annual award highlights world-leading government policies that maximize the opportunity of buildings to mitigate carbon emissions in the environment. This year’s award theme, “Excellence in City Policy Green Building,” recognizes international best practice in city-level government policy to build green. Local and regional governments are in a unique and often advantageous position to implement green building and urban design policies that will influence approaches to sustainability in the building sector. As buildings are responsible for approximately one-third of the earth’s greenhouse gas emissions, the impacts are significant and quantifiable. In addition to rewarding leadership, the award is intended to inspire other governments at all levels, share and replicate best practices in green building policy, and underscore green buildings as a winning strategy to reduce carbon emissions. The WorldGBC invited UN HABITAT and ICLEI International to partner with us and participate as judges. With their expertise and commitment to sustainability at the city level, they bring invaluable insight and knowledge to the these awards.“In the context of rapid urbanization in many parts of the world, the WorldGBC Government Leadership Awards provide practical ideas for cities to speed up climate change action while improving the quality of the built environment.” Rafael Tuts Chief, Urban Environment and Planning Branch UN-HABITAT2
  • Award CriteriaOver 80 Green Building Councils from around the world along with ICLEI and UN HABITATnetwork members were given the opportunity to nominate government policies from theircountries for these awards. A panel of expert judges in the green building and sustainablecities field deliberated on the overall winner and category awards in order to showcase arange of initiatives. The policies were drawn from the five global regions represented in theWorldGBC and come from both developed and developing economies.The WorldGBC Government Leadership Award for Best Green Building Policy was givento the policy with the highest average score of out of 100 based on the following criteria:Effectiveness of initiative in Demonstration of environmentaltransforming the industry (out of 20) leadership and innovation (out of 20)A reflection of how far-reaching the policy is The use of new and innovative partnershipsand its potential to spur long-lasting change and mechanisms and/or leadership that willin the industry deliver tangible benefits of green building, climate, and energy policies to communitiesCost-effectiveness of initiative(out of 20) Replicability and relevance toThe use of lifetime costs and other cost- other locations (out of 20)benefit analyses that move past “first costs” The effort undertaken to partner, collaborateand consider other long-term financial and share information in order to bring tobenefits of the policy scale urban sustainability strategiesScale of emissions reductions(out of 20)The policy’s ability to mitigate climatechange in the built environment, its overallenvironmental benefits and benefits to thecommunities that the policy effects 3
  • Best Green Building PolicySan Francisco, United States of AmericaSan Francisco Green BuildingOrdinances and demolition debris, and provide for collection of recycling and compost fromSan Francisco’s Green Building Ordinance occupants in operation.requirements together represent the strictest,most ambitious, most comprehensive Further, new commercial construction andpolicy approach to the built environment yet alterations greater than 25,000 squareundertaken by any city in the United States. feet (2,300 m2) must meet a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)All new construction projects of any size or Silver standard (rising to LEED Gold inoccupancy must: 2012). New residential buildings must meet either LEED or California-based GreenPoint Rated standards. Certification Standards Code (CALGreen), is not required, but projects committing to LEED Gold certification receive Standards by a minimum of 15%, priority in permitting queues. All municipal projects are required to attain LEED Gold standards, and certification. 4
  • The performance of existing building stock offers $100m in financing capacity foris addressed through requirements for commercial energy efficiency, renewableannual public disclosure of energy labels, energy, and water efficiency upgrades, withcomprehensive energy audits every five repayment collected through a property taxyears for commercial buildings larger assessment. Energy efficiency and solarthan 10,000 square feet (929 m2), water energy rebate programs are also offered.efficiency retrofits at time of sale, andmandatory recycling and composting. With In San Francisco, the construction anda net present value of $612 million over the operation of buildings are responsible forfirst ten years of implementation, energy 56% of greenhouse gas emissions (withsavings from energy labeling, disclosure over half of those from existing commercialand audit requirements dramatically exceed buildings). With a population of 800,000,their costs. the new construction requirements alone are anticipated to reduce CO2e by 60,000 tons/To assist private building owners with year, with an additional reduction 70,800implementing the polices, the newly tons/year of CO2e coming from requirementslaunched GreenFinanceSF PACE program for existing commercial buildings. “San Francisco’s innovative and comprehensive green building policies are lasting investments in the environmental and economic future of our great city. The Green Building Ordinance employs San Francisco’s design talent, as well as technological and business innovations, to ensure that we meet the market demands of the 21st century, protect the environment, and support the health and well being of our residents.” Ed Lee Mayor, San Francisco 5
  • Local Climate Action Leadership AwardMexico City, MexicoClimate Action Plan (Programa de and reforestation. Those related specificallyAcción Climática de la Ciudad de to buildings include:México 2008-2012) The Sustainable Housing Program,Implemented in 2008, Mexico City’s Climate which targets whole buildings, will benefitAction Plan (CAP) is an integrated policy 32,500 dwellings by integrating greenexpected to impact housing, commercial building criteria such as solar collectors,buildings, governmental offices, subway energy and water saving systems, wastestations, public parks and transportation water treatment plants, and absorptionwith a goal of reducing seven metric wells in new multifamily housing. of the city’s CO2 emissions, or 12% of city’s greenhouse gas emissions, by 2012. The Efficient Home Lighting Program, which exclusively targets lighting in existingA collaborative effort between many buildings, will distribute ten million compactgovernmental and private institutions, the fluorescent lamps to replace incandescentCAP policy includes a total of 44 specific light bulbs in existing dwellings, reducingactions focused on energy and water 270,000 tons of CO2 per year.savings, transportation, waste management 6
  • The Sustainable Buildings Program Many of these initiatives have other(PCES) will act as a certification tool for components and co-benefits, includingcommercial and residential buildings, water savings and stormwater runoffgranting tax incentives for certified minimization. The CAP policy also includesbuildings, expecting a reduction of 25,000 a program, ECOBICI, dedicated totons of CO2 per year. increasing cycling within the city and reducing dependency on automobiles.The Renewable Energy Program Since the CAP policy’s implementation ofpromotes the use of solar energy in ECOBICI the number of cyclists in the citygovernment buildings, reducing 25,000 have increased by 40%.tons of CO2 per year. Most of the programs are voluntary, andThe Rooftop Naturation Program, participation is being promoted by a serieswhich targets entire neighborhoods, is of tax incentives. However, governmentexpected to establish a total of 30,000 m2 buildings are required to comply with all of theof greenroof surfaces. requirements established within the programs. “Mexico City’s Climate Action Program has successfully advanced the local agenda for a more sustainable built environment. It encompasses innovative policy, offers smart incentives and promotes better practice - setting a meaningful precedent for the whole nation. The program is addressing critical and measurable environmental, economic and social prosperity targets. It’s making a substantial contribution to the building and construction industry and for the community at large.” Mexico Green Building Council 7
  • Urban Retrofit AwardBirmingham, United KingdomEnergy Savers Program domestic buildings retrofitted across the West Midlands.A comprehensive and ambitious initiative,Birmingham City Council’s Energy Savers The program will run under the umbrellaProgram is expected to lead to £1.5 billion of the Government’s Green Deal initiative,of green retrofit work for nearly 200,000 which will allow householders to improvebuildings in Birmingham and across the energy efficiency in their homes and pay offWest Midlands over the next 15 years. the costs of these measures from savings made on energy bills over time.During the initial Pathfinder phase of theEnergy Savers Program (2012 – 2015), The Pathfinder stage of the program isthe program will deliver energy efficiency forecast to cost £100m, with Birminghamimprovements for 15,000 houses and 40 City Council providing a total of £75m inpublic buildings. This will lay the foundation financing for housing and non-domesticfor a wider program that by 2026 will see retrofits through public sector borrowing.60,000 houses and 1,000 non-domestic The council expects to receive thebuildings retrofitted in Birmingham and a remaining £25m through the Energyfurther 100,000 houses and 1,500 non- Company Obligation (ECO) subsidy. 8
  • The next stage of the program is forecast By 2020, a reduction of 84,000 metric tonsto cost a further £1.4b and will be funded of CO2 per year (4.3 percent reduction onthrough a combination of private finance current emission figures) is expected fromand ECO subsidy. domestic retrofits performed under the program. For non-domestic buildings, theThe retrofits under the program will involve program is expected to cut emissions byinstallation of energy efficiency measures 189,000 tons per year by 2020 (7.8 percentalong with renewable energy and heat reduction on current emission figures).technologies that aim to drastically reducethe amount of Birmingham households living The model used by Birmingham is particularlyin fuel poverty (i.e. households that spend relevant as it addresses the challenges ofmore than 10 percent of their income on providing affordable financing under theheating their homes). Green Deal and neighboring cities have already agreed to replicate the program.The program is expected to create andsafeguard 60,000 ‘green’ jobs, frominstallation engineers, to designers in the area. “Birmingham’s leadership in urban retrofit is trailblazing, and highlights the critical role local authorities can and should play as a trusted partner in rolling out the Green Deal nationally. The scale of Birmingham’s ambition reflects the urgency and size of the task we face, and that represents a tremendous opportunity for green growth and jobs if the public and private sectors work effectively together.” Paul King CEO, UK Green Building Council Chair, WorldGBC Policy Task Force 9
  • Regional Leadership AwardSingaporeBuilding and Construction Authority to buildings, the BCA’s Green Mark schemeGreen Building Masterplan has also developed a rating system for public spaces and parks, further pushingThe Singpore Building and Construction Singapore’s sustainability goals.Authority (BCA) Green Building Masterplanis comprised of policy instruments While the Green Mark rating isdesigned to impose minimum environmental for private sector it isstandards for building codes, spur private new and existing publicsectors towards building green, promoteresearch and development in environmental The BCA has also introduced Gross Floorsustainability as well as build Singapore’s Area incentives, to further encourage thecapacity for green buildings. private sector to adopt green building practices, which grant additional floor areaAs part of the BCA’s Green Building for developments attaining BCA GreenMasterplan, Singapore’s BCA has Mark Platinum or Gold Plus rating.developed the Green Mark rating schemeto facilitate the building industry in reaching The number of Green Mark building projectsenvironmentally sustainable outcomes for has grown from 17 projects, totaling 11.8both new and existing buildings. In addition10
  • million square feet (1.09 million m2), in 2005, to 840 projects, totaling 270 billion square feet (18.6 billion m2), today. With a goal of achieving Green Mark certification for at least 80 percent of Singapore’s buildings by 2030, the projected annual savings is S$1 billion as well as energy efficiency gains of at least 25 to 35 percent against 2005 building codes. To address cost barriers, Singapore’s BCA has introduced a new pilot scheme called the Building Retrofit Energy Efficiency Financing (BREEF) where financial institutions provide loans to building owners and energy services companies for them to carry out building energy retrofits. Additionally, the Singapore government has set aside about S$145 million worth of cash incentives for the private sector S$ illion for“This is a recognition for the significant efforts by BCA in showing the industry theway forward by not just understanding the private sector conditions but also taking on the leadership role to get the public sector to go green.” Mr. Tai Lee Sang President, Singapore Green Building Council 11
  • Industry Transformation AwardNew York City, United States of AmericaGreener, Greater Buildings Plan energy benefits from the natural cycle of building upgrades. Second, it requiresSigned into law in December of 2009, the annual benchmarking data to be submittedGreener, Greater Buildings Plan (GGBP) by building owners for public disclosure,is one of the most comprehensive set of which will bring transparency for energy andenergy efficiency policies in the United water usage and provide valuable marketStates, targeting New York City’s largest information for buyers and sellers. The thirdexisting buildings, which constitute half piece requires an energy audit and tuning, orits built square footage and 45 percent of retro-commissioning, of energy equipmentcitywide carbon emissions. in large buildings every ten years. The last regulatory piece mandates lighting upgradesThe GGBP is composed of four pieces and sub-metering of large, non-residentialof legislation and two supplementary tenant spaces, giving tenants informationcomponents. First, it establishes a New about their energy usage.York City energy code that requires allrenovations that impact energy systems These regulatory measures are joined byto meet the standards of the New York two supplementary components that willState energy code, thus accruing the help provide the real estate industry with the12
  • tools needed to comply. The first focuses on for energy efficiency projects andcreating a trained workforce that can reliably comprehensive information about fundingdeliver improved energy performance. And and tax benefits. NYCEEC will use $37the second utilizes New York City’s federal million in federal American Recoverystimulus funding to create an innovative and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) fundingenergy efficiency financing cooperation to as a backstop for its loan products. Byprovide funds for energy upgrades. absorbing the risk that is associated with energy loans, NYCEEC expects to attractMuch of GGBP is about energy financing from banks and philanthropiestransparency; however, retro-commissioning that will leverage ARRA funding by a factorand lighting upgrades have also been of four or five.broadly mandated in the policy becausethey are extremely cost-effective measures By 2030, GGBP is estimated to reducethat will quickly start accrue savings for citywide GHG emissions by at least 5.3building owners. When these small benefits percent from the 2009 baseline of 50.8are aggregated at the city scale, they million metric tons. The plan is projectedadd up to tremendous savings. GGBP is to achieve approximately 10 percent of theestimated to cost $5.2 billion while saving reductions necessary for the City to achieve$12.2 billion, for a net savings of $7 billion. its goal toward 30 percent reduction by 2030. The plan is estimated to createIn 2011, the City launched the New 17,800 construction-related jobs in energyYork City Energy Efficiency Corporation auditing, retro-commissioning, upgrading(NYCEEC), which will provide financing lighting and maintaining equipment. “New York has been a pioneer in transforming green building practices, and this award solidifies the efforts by the city to become a true global leader in the green building movement. I commend New York and Mayor Bloomberg for showcasing excellence in the United States’ efforts toward a more sustainable future.” Rick Fedrizzi Chair-Elect, WorldGBC President, CEO and Founding Chair, USGBC 13
  • Most Groundbreaking Policy AwardTokyo, JapanCap-and-Trade Program buildings under the cap will need to meetTokyo Metropolitan Government the program’s required reductions byEnvironmental Security Ordinance introducing energy efficiency measures and renewable energy or by purchasing offsetThe world’s first carbon trading scheme credits from other buildings.aimed at reducing CO2 emissions fromlarge commercial and industrial buildings, Even for multitenant buildings, the reductionTokyo’s Cap-and-Trade program expects to obligation is based on emissions from thereduce 13 million tons of CO2 by 2019 and building as a whole, and the building ownerscovers roughly 1,300 buildings including take full responsibility for the obligation.commercial offices, public buildings, However, the tenants are required toschools and hospitals. cooperate with emission reduction measures taken by building owners.In Tokyo, buildings account for 40 percentof all CO2 emissions from the commercial Traditionally, tenants leave energy efficiencyand industrial sectors and 20 percent of measures to the building owners, but nowTokyo’s total emissions. With this policy, Tokyo is seeing energy efficiency efforts14
  • “Making buildings green is one of Tokyo’s most important environmental policies. We are committed to continue developing green building measures, such as the Cap-and-Trade Program, and to sharing our experiences and outcomes with the world to help tackle climate change.” Bureau of Environment Tokyo Metropolitan Governmenttaken jointly by the tenants and building funds for retrofitting projects. Further, theowners. This has led to an increased public emission reductions generated by theseawareness of climate change issues. smaller projects have become offset credits which larger building owners can buy.An important measure of the program’spolicy is mandatory disclosure of In addition to CO2 reductions, policies haveinformation including building data and been implemented within Tokyo to improveemission reduction plans. This is also water savings, the use of rainwater andsupported by other Tokyo Metropolitan reclaimed water, stormwater abatementpolicies such as the green labeling program systems, green roofs, added green spaceand the energy certification program. and the use of recycled materials.The Tokyo Metropolitan renewable energy Tokyo’s Cap-and-Trade Program hassubsidy for small to midsize building owners already been replicated in neighboringand residential houses has accelerated Asian governments and has continued tothe retrofit projects in small companies see interest from surrounding Metropolitanand residences where there is not enough areas in adopting similar policies. 15
  • Nominees16
  • Abu Dhabi, United Arab EmiratesEstidama and the Pearl Rating System financial barrier to entering this scheme by providing all the materials (rating systemAs part of the Abu Dhabi 2030 Vision, and tools), project assessments, technicalthe Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council clarifications and some training for free.has developed Estidama, a sustainability To date, more than 3,000 individuals haveprogram, which ensures future large-scale attended training sessions at various levels.sustainable development with specialconsideration to the prevailing local The policy mandates that all newconditions and requirements. developments significantly improve water and energy efficiency over the businessAn essential tool to advance Estidama, the as usual scenario, reaffirming EstidamaArabic word for sustainability, is the Pearl as one of the first green policies toRating System, which has been developed address sustainability issues and resourceas a framework for sustainable design, scarcity impacts associated with the builtconstruction and operation of communities, environment in the Gulf region.buildings and villas.In order to help promote the Pearl RatingSystem, the government has eliminated the 17
  • Belo Horizonte, BrazilProgram for Environmental the licensing procedures specifically forSustainability Certification hotels as well as provide more stringent environmental impact and energy efficiencyOn the path to a greener 2014 World standards on all new building developments.Cup, Belo Horizonte’s Program forEnvironmental Sustainability Certification As part of Belo Horizonte’s Program foraims to enhance actions in the construction Environmental Sustainability Certificationsector to prevent and mitigate negative all buildings must reduce their greenhouseenvironmental impacts by awarding bronze, emissions by at least 30 percent (basesilver and gold certifications to assessed year 2010) in order to achieve certification.building developments. To this end, the This requirement will help Belo Horizonteprogram defines four areas of environmental reach its goal of achieving an overall 20sustainability in which the certification percent reduction of the city’s greenhouseprocess focuses on: water, waste, energy emissions by 2030.and greenhouse gas emissions.The new certification process, establishedin 2009, is designed for the assessmentof sports stadiums, residential housing,airports, hotels and restaurants as wellas many other building types. Though thenew certification program is voluntary, newpolicies have been put into place to simplify18
  • Buenos Aires, ArgentinaEnergy Efficiency Program in Through previous PEEEP research, aPublic Buildings potential 27 percent reduction of energy consumption in lighting, 54 percentResponsible for the operation and maintenance reduction for computer systems and 37of approximately 1,500 buildings, equivalent percent reduction for cooling and heatingto 530,000 metric tons of CO2 emissions, are deemed possible. Despite the energythe local government of Buenos Aires has savings, the financial savings were notauthorized the Energy Efficiency Program significant due to the low cost of energy,in Public Buildings (PEEEP) in order to which makes it very difficult to incentivizeoptimize energy consumption in public energy effeciency in Buenos Aires.buildings and set an industry example. Through the use of a benchmarking method toThe program targets the energy efficiency determine the best approaches for resourceof existing public buildings in anticipation efficiency improvements in each specific typeof influencing both the construction sector of building (hospital, schools, offices, etc.), theto adopt energy efficient measures and the program aims to increase uptake of this policytechnology markets to promote efficiency both on a local and national level.technologies. 19
  • Chicago, United States of AmericaSustainable Development Policy, making CPS the largest K-12 renewableChicago Climate Action Plan energy purchaser in the United States.Chicago’s Sustainable Development Policy Thinking beyond energy efficiency andhas required green building strategies be greenhouse gas emission reduction, theemployed in all public projects as well as CCAP’s fifth strategy, adaptation, aims toindividual private projects receiving financial protect Chicago’s built environment, naturalassistance, since 2004. Later introduced environment and people for the long term.in 2008, the Chicago Climate Action For example, Chicago is actively increasingPlan (CCAP) focuses on mitigating and its green roof space, which currentlypreparing for the effects of climate change includes more than five million square feetgrounded on scientific understanding, installed, as a key adaptation strategy tobroad partnerships, accountability toward reduce energy requirements in buildingsdetailed performance management goals and minimize stormwater impacts.and strategic implementation.The CCAP is composed of five strategies.One strategy, Energy Efficient Buildings,aims to retrofit 50 percent of Chicago’scommercial, industrial and residentialbuildings to achieve a 30 percent reductionin energy use.Another strategy, Clean &Renewable Energy Sources,has a target of powering20 percent of thecity’s electricity byrenewable sources.Currently, 20percent of ChicagoPublic School (CPS)energy originatesfrom renewable sources,20
  • Durban, South AfricaGreening Durban Initiative, a twenty-year period. These projectsMunicipal Climate Protection Program also result in the enhancement of other ecosystem services, such as floodImplemented in 2008, the Greening mitigation and water quality improvement,Durban Initiative is a voluntary component thereby helping address risks toof eThekwini Municipality’s internationally infrastructure and human health.recognized Municipal Climate ProtectionProgram. The initiative is designed to Given that poverty is one of the greatestdevelop education, practical tools and threats to environment, the Greening Durbanawareness on greener buildings and cities initiatives actively develop numerous ‘greenby promoting action in both government collar’ jobs for local communities to restoreand the private sector. the ecosystems on which they depend.Potentially affecting the whole of the With the current COP-17/CMP7eThekwini Municipal Area (2,300 km2), convention, this policy has influencedthe policy has established a number of the greening of Durban’s Internationalecological restoration projects that, through Convention Center, resulting in an energythe process of natural vegetative growth, efficiency retrofit that will reduce energyresult in a projected sequestration and demand by approximately 7 percent withinstorage of 50,000 tons of CO2e over the building. 21
  • Frankfurt am Main, GermanyWorld Capital City of Passive Houses –City of Energy Efficient BuildingsFrankfurt’s World Capital City of PassiveHouses policy has mandated, since 2005,that all municipal service and residentialbuildings be constructed to the PassiveHouse standards. The city council has alsoset targets for new office buildings to bedesigned and built to energy efficiencystandards of 150 kWh/m2, for primaryenergy use, in the Frankfurt high-risebuildings area.This policy is projected to create savingsof more than 100,000 tons of CO2 per yearthrough energy efficiency standards andcogeneration implementation.With the Passive House policy in place,the emissions reductions within the cityare targeted at 10 percent each fiveyears. In addition to energy savings andcarbon emissions reductions, the city hassuccessfully reduced water demand by20 percent from 1998 figures as well asdeveloped services to convert its wastebiomass into fuel for cogeneration plants.With the goal of being supplied by 100percent renewable energy by 2050,Frankfurt now has more than 1,500dwellings (150,000 m2) and over 100projects under development designed topassive house standards.22
  • Helsinki, FinlandEnergy Efficiency Agreement of existing energy supply, street networks, and other infrastructure which leads toInitially implemented in 1993 and most lower transportation needs and a lowerrecently updated in December of 2007, environmental impact overall.Helsinki’s voluntary Energy EfficiencyAgreement (EEA) Action Plan focuses on One of the world’s longest running andthe city’s low-energy construction practices, most systematic policies of its kind, thebuilding energy audits, development and EEA Action Plan is predicted to deliveruse of energy consumption monitoring, city emissions reductions in excess of 27renewable energy, urban development percent by 2020 (base year 1990).projects as well as climate changeeducation and awareness-raising activities. At the end of 2010, 58 Finnish municipalities and joint municipalities haveWith a goal of improving Helsinki’s building signed Energy Efficiency Agreementsenergy efficiency by 9 percent in 2016, the that replicate the agreements achieved inEEA Action Plan systematically targets new Helsinki.and existing buildings owned by the cityof Helsinki, totaling 7.3 million m2 of spacein 2010. The city’s energy policies alsoinclude densification of the urban structure,especially near rail connections, and the use 23
  • Hong Kong, ChinaBuilding Design to Foster a Quality With this plan, building owners areand Sustainable Built Environment incentivized to incorporate specific green building features in order to obtain a GFAApplicable to all new building plans for concession of up to 10 percent. Uptake ofdevelopment proposals beginning in April this initiative is expected to be extremely2011, the Building Design to Foster a high as very few building developers wouldQuality and Sustainable Built Environment forfeit the incentive to have increased GFA.(BDFQSBE) initiative promotes energyefficiency, urban livability, building With an estimated annual total of 400 newmaintenance, environmental conservation building developments being affected byand provision of amenities and green the new policy the projected total CO2features in buildings. savings are expected to be 200,000 metric tons annually. The policy was developedThe policy requires that all new buildings after wide public consultations and anundergo the Hong Kong Green Building extensive public engagement processCouncil (HKGBC) BEAM Plus assessment conducted by a third party (the Counciland be designed in accordance with a for Sustainable Development) to gaugepackage of measures covering sustainable the public’s views on measures to foster abuilding design guidelines on building quality and sustainable built environment.separation, building set back, site coverageof greenery and energy efficiency ofbuildings in order to receive concessionsfor additional gross floor area (GFA).24
  • Jakarta, IndonesiaGovernor Regulation on Green required to meet the new green buildingBuildings criteria upon development approval.Recently put into place, Jakarta’s Governor This policy aims to meet Indonesia’sRegulation on Green Buildings policy is set target of 26 percent reduction in CO2to provide minimum standards for green emissions in 2020 by abating 2.7 millionbuilding performance in the area of energy tons of CO2 emissions through mandatingefficiency, natural resource conservation, energy efficiency strategies within Jakarta’sindoor health, water use efficiency as well building stock.as waste management for new and existingbuildings.Jakarta’s Governor Regulation on GreenBuildings policy is mandatory for new andexisting buildings with the minimum GFAof 10,000 m2 (for schools), 20,000 m2 (forhospitals and hotesl) and 50,000 m2 (forapartments, malls and offices).Existing buildings will be required to meetJakarta’s new green building regulationsupon renewal of standing building permits,which have a lifespan of five years.Additionally, all new buildings will be 25
  • Melbourne, Australia1200 BuildingsImplemented in March 2011, 1200Buildings is a voluntary program thataims to encourage and support buildingowners, managers and facility managersto improve the energy and water efficiencyand reduce waste to landfill of existingcommercial buildings in Melbourne. Theanticipated impact of this program includes1,200 commercial buildings and will affectfinancial sectors, green skills, energy, waterand waste management improvements.This program is the first of its kind inAustralia as it integrates many methods,strategies and initiatives into one package,and provides information not only on thebenefits but on project funding as well. Byproviding a legislative amendment to theCity of Melbourne Act to bring this financialmechanism to life, the Victorian Governmentis working with the City of Melbourne to easethe financial burden of retrofits and improvethe environmental quality of commercialbuildings for future generations. The fundingmodels, retrofit methods, strategies forimplementation and collaboration pathwayscan be replicated in other cities, regions orcountries, and all of the information is madeavailable online for free.26
  • Noida, IndiaUnified Industrial Development Area Development applicants who proposeBuilding Regulations building projects to meet the US Green Building Council’s Leadership in EnergyThe City of Noida, through the 2011 Unified and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold orIndustrial Development Area Building Platinum standards on a plot of 5,000 m2Regulations (UIDAR), promotes sustainable and above are allotted an additional FARconstruction by offering additional of 5 percent free of cost, provided that theFloor Area Ratio (FAR) concessions applicant is recommended by the Bureau offor implementing green design and Energy Efficiency of India.construction practices in building projects. With 1,200 buildings, totaling 83.6 millionWith the UIDAR in place, developers of m2, proposed to come up in the next fivecommercial, public and residential projects years, this policy hopes to incentivize aare encouraged to adopt innovative and great deal of building developers to chooseeco-friendly measures in their proposed green building features.projects at the design stage in order toreceive additional floor area. 27
  • Pachamac, PeruGreen Development Recovering the the promotion of eco-tourism and plans toRiver Bank incorporate an ‘eco-lodge facility’ as well as several restaurants focused on providingPachamac’s Green Development Recovering local organic foods.the River Bank (GDRRB) program is acollaborative effort between city government The project anticipates banning the useand business investors aimed to ensure of fossil fuel vehicles and provides strictenvironmental standards are implemented regulation on waste management and waterthroughout the development process for use. In addition to the direct environmentalPachamac’s nearby river region. impacts, the project is being designed to educate the local community on theThrough the GDRRB program, all buildings strategies and benefits of green buildingson the site are scheduled to be designed and infrastructure.and built to meet the requirements forLeadership in Energy and Environmental The creation of an Investigation Centre onDesign (LEED) certification. As well as the site will include garden space for localincorporating educational and recreational communities and on-site renewable energyfacilities, the project is also focused on generation.28
  • Sao Paolo, BrazilGuidelines for the Action Plan of the The policy sets a clear target of 30 percentCity of Sao Paulo for Mitigation and reduction in emissions of greenhouse gasesAdaptation to Climate Change in the city of Sao Paulo from 2009 to 2012. To reach the goal of reducing emissions byThe Guidelines for the Action Plan of the City 30 percent in 2012, the proposed policy onof Sao Paulo for Mitigation and Adaptation climate change focused on transportationto Climate Change presents mandatory strategies to encouraging the use of publicguidelines for the city of Sao Paulo regarding transport with lower pollution potential.transportation, energy efficiency, sustainable Additionally, the policy prioritizes the usebuilding material use, and solid waste of trolley buses, subways, trains and otherreductions within the city. Published and transport methods to implement forms ofpresented during the C40 Meeting in Sao renewable energy.Paolo in May 2011, the purpose of thispolicy is to continue mitigating and adapting The Guidelines for the Action Plan of the CitySao Paolo to climate changes and improving of Sao Paulo for Mitigation and Adaptation tothe city’s infrastructure to raise the quality of Climate Change have been developed throughlife for its people. collaboration with environmental NGOs, academic and governmental institutions throughout both city and state regions. 29
  • Sydney, AustraliaBetter Buildings Partnership for those within the buildings, as well as a greater sense of community awareness,Sydney’s Better Buildings Partnership involvement and benefit.is a voluntary collaboration of a numberof Sydney’s leading public, private and Having a majority of building owners joininginstitutional building owners that cover 58 together to showcase leadership andpercent of the office floor space across highlight their commitment is a powerfulSydney’s Central Business District. message for the city, and provides a major market stimulus for greener outcomes.Modelled on similar schemes operatingin London and in Toronto, the BetterBuildings Partnership aims to improvethe sustainability performance of existingcommercial and public sector buildingsacross Sydney’s local government area.Through the delivery of a range of resourcesand tools, the Partnership will addressthe challenges faced when improving thesustainability of the commercial propertysector. The program improves the energyand water and materials efficiencies of thecity’s commercial buildings, ensuring arange of reduced environmental impacts,and better indoor environmental quality30
  • Zaragoza, SpainMunicipal Ordinance for The Declaration of Integral RehabilitationRehabilitation, Declaration of Integral Areas established four pilot sites throughoutRehabilitation Areas, and Municipal the city’s most needy populations toLaw on Power Eco Efficiency and Use incorporate environmentally sustainableof Renewable Energies in Buildings refurbishment strategies. The policy wasand Their Facilities developed so that 20 percent of the total cost of works would be made by the ownerThe city of Zaragoza has continued and the remaining 80 percent would cometo promote environmental building from institutional partnerships.practices since 1998 with the mandatoryenactment of the Municipal Ordinance The Municipal Law on Power Eco Efficiencyfor Rehabilitation (first applied 1998, and Use of Renewable Energies inrenewed 2010), the Declaration of Integral Buildings and Facilities was sanctioned toRehabilitation Areas (2009 - 2012) and the improve the efficiency of domestic heatingMunicipal Law on Power Eco Efficiency and systems as well as promote development ofUse of Renewable Energies in Buildings bioclimatic buildings and solar energy.and Facilities (2009). The combination of these policies isThe Municipal Ordinance for Rehabilitation expected to reduce the city’s CO2has helped over 41,000 homes significantly emissions by 11,400 metric tons per year.reduce their energy demands and isestimated to have reduced their water useby upwards of 40 percent. 31
  • Zorneding, GermanyGuideline for Sustainable Indoor establish the GSISH in an effort to improveSports Halls in cooperation with the green building practices of Zorneding’sGerman Sustainable Building Council sporting facilities.Developed in cooperation with the German With at least about 40,000 minor indoorSustainable Building Council (DGNB) sports halls in Germany (as commonlyin June of 2011, Zorneding’s voluntary required for schools and small sports clubs)Guidelines for Sustainable Indoor Sports already built, the GSISH has the capacityHalls (GSISH) is a building assessment to reach a large pool of specific buildingprocess for the design and construction of types throughout Germany that are currentlyminor indoor sporting facilities. built without a focus on environmental sustainability.The guidelines focus on environmentaldesign impacts such as the local climate,sustainable use of resources, renewableenergy use, waste management, wateruse, biodiversity and transportation. Theaim of GSISH is to provide ecologically,economically and socio-culturallysustainable sporting facilities within the city.The collaboration between Zorneding,DGNB, regional higher educationinstitutions and Europe’s largest researchfacility (Fraunhofer Institute) helped32
  • Partner Organizations The WorldGBC is a coalition of 89 national Green Building Councils, making it the largest international organization influencing the green building marketplace. Our mission is to facilitate the global transformation of the building industry towards sustainability. We foster and support new and emerging Green Building Councils by providing them with the tools and strategies to establish strong organizations and leadership positions in their countries. Once established, we work closely with councils to advance our common interests by promoting local green building actions to address global issues such as climate change. By driving collaboration between international bodies and increasing the profile of the green building market, we work to ensure that green buildings are a part of any comprehensive strategy to deliver carbon emission reductions 33
  • The United Nation’s Human Settlements ICLEI is the worlds largest network ofProgram, UN-HABITAT, is the United cities and local governments committed toNations agency for human settlements sustainable development. Among its overwhich orchestrates programs designed to 1,220 Members from 74 countries, whichhelp policy-makers and local communities represent more than 570 million people, arefind workable, lasting solutions for the urban 110 megacities, metropolises, other largeenvironment. cities and urban regions.UN-HABITAT is mandated by the UN ICLEI connects leaders, accelerates actionGeneral Assembly to promote socially and and provides a gateway to solutions.environmentally sustainable towns and Through 12 offices around the world, itcities with the goal of providing adequate shares knowledge and builds capacity forshelter for all. UN-HABITAT’s strategic cities to master the future. ICLEI helpsvision is anchored in a four-pillar strategy cities introduce an integrated sustainabilityof advocacy of global norms, analysis of policy; become resource-efficient, low-information, field-testing of solutions and carbon or even climate-neutral, disaster-financing all aimed at attaining the goal of and climate-resilient, and bio-diverse;Cities without Slums. develop a green infrastructure and create a green urban economy; achieve a healthy and happy community.34
  • We offer thanks to the all of the nominated city governments and the New YorkCity Economic Development Corporation for generously contributing the photosused in this publication.
  • paper made from 60 percent sugar cane fiber