ITS for Transit (Federal Transit Administration)
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ITS for Transit (Federal Transit Administration)

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Jeffrey Spencer (ITS Team Leader at FTA) presentation at the Intelligent Transportation Society of Va - Technical Session (Mobility Lab 12/4/2012)

Jeffrey Spencer (ITS Team Leader at FTA) presentation at the Intelligent Transportation Society of Va - Technical Session (Mobility Lab 12/4/2012)

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  • The ITS Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014 was defined through a multimodal Departmental effort. Collectively, the partners set the plan’s guiding vision.
  • Transit offers additional corridor capacityTransit can assist in managing corridor demandDuring normal operationsDuring planned and unplanned eventsITS increases transit flexibility, efficiency, and coordination, making transit:More convenient for ridersEasier to integrate with highway operationsA more capable corridor partner

Transcript

  • 1. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION ITS for Transit Jeffrey L. Spencer ITS Team Leader USDOT Federal Transit Administration
  • 2. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Intelligent Transportation Systems • Traveler Information • Fare Payment • Mobility Services for All Americans/ Veterans Transportation Community Life Initiative • Integrated Corridor Management (ICM) Systems • Vehicle Assist and Automation (VAA) • Connected Vehicle Program 2
  • 3. VAA DemonstrationFEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION 3
  • 4. DEPLOYMENTS 100 200 300 400 500 600 0 COMMUNICATIONS AVL PROBES FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION APC MDT COMPONENT MONITORING OPERATIONS SOFTWARE INCIDENT MGMT ATIS MULTIMODAL ATIS EFP FARE INTEGRATION Categories MOBILITY MANAGER TMC SIGNAL PRIORITY Technology Deployments for Transit VAA Demonstration CAMERAS Planned Operational ALARMS MICROPHONES4 WEATHER
  • 5. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION En-Route Traveler Information System Dynamic Displays TriMet, Portland, OR Real Time Bus Arrival Systems On-board Systems - In-vehicle next stop and location information is common now (bus and train) BART, SF Bay Area, CA Lynx, Orlando, FL LA Metro Rapid, Los Angeles, CA WMATA, Washington, DC 5
  • 6. For More InformationEn-Route Traveler Information SystemMobile Device 6
  • 7. For More InformationEn-Route Traveler Information SystemMobile Devices and Apps DART WMATA CTA 7 LA Metro NY MTA
  • 8. For More Information Other Transit ITS Applications• Universal Electronic Payment• Park-and-Ride Improvements
  • 9. For More InformationContactless Fare Collection
  • 10. For More Information Multi-Modal Integrated Payment Systems• A project to examine the issues and impediments to deploying regional, open-architecture, integrated, multimodal payment systems that accept multiple payment media• Apply the lessons learned from the Orlando Regional Alliance for Next Generation Electronic payment Systems (ORANGES) field operational test, and the results of the I-95 Corridor Coalition Innovative Multi-Modal Electronic Payment System
  • 11. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Open Loop Payments
  • 12. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION  Smart Parking options • Park and Ride  Technology • Smart phone apps • Web reservation • Payment options
  • 13. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Intelligent Transportation Systems – Mobility Services For All Americans (MSAA) USDOT ITS initiative Collaboration with United We Ride Joint demonstration of scalable and replicable Travel Management Coordination Centers (TMCC)  Simplified point of access  Comprehensive set of services  Utilizing ITS 13
  • 14. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Challenges Medicaid Children Program Development Disabilities Family & Families Temporary Assistance Special Ed Faith Based Assistance for Transportation Transit Needy Families Substance Abuse Mental Health Medicare & Health HHS Medicaid Svcs Rural Transit Health Operators Care Resources & Services Office of the Family Secretary Area Agency Head Assistant on Aging Secretary Child Soc. Services Start Planning Care Block Grant Evaluation Bureau Private Aging Paratransit Education Community Services Centers for Independent Living State Governors Disability Rehab and & Rehabilitation Services Research Cabinet Secretaries Administration ? Employment Federal Education Agencies ? ? Office of Special Education Programs & Grant Shopping $ Local Office of Disability Government Employment Policy Labor Recreation Employment Medical Training Agency Transit Provider Transportation Office of the Urbanized Elderly Secretary Grant Program & Private Taxi Disability Program Independence Disability National Highway Federal Transit Service Traffic Safety Provider Administration Administration Rural Grant Head Start Program ADA Paratransit Local Departmental Job Access Transportation Office of Assistant Secretary Reverse Commute Authority Civil Rights for Transportation Policy Program Transit Pass
  • 15. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Consumer with U.S. State & Local Employment Mobility Needs Government Funds, Health Care Independence Policies, and Regulations Family Education Recreation One Call Funding Agencies Transportation Service Providers
  • 16. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Common ITS Used by Project Sites  Database interface/integration  Reservation/eligibility systems  Routing/scheduling/dispatching systems  Automatic vehicle location/geographic information systems  Mobile data computer  Interactive pre-trip and en-route traveler information  Interactive voice response (for customer service and reservation)  Electronic fare payment media and collection
  • 17. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Veterans Transportation and Community Living Initiative A CCAM-supported initiative of U.S. Department of Transportation 17
  • 18. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION About VTCLI  Build on existing coordination efforts & success of Mobility Services for All Americans model  Connect veteran & military community members to existing community transportation resources  Build out One-Call/One-Click capability in local communities  Focus on ITS related technology investment U.S. Department of Transportation 18
  • 19. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION VTCLI Project Sites Selection  Received ~75 discrete projects  $52 million requested  Interagency review team  Major selection criteria: □ Partnerships □ One-call & vets experience □ Coordination experience □ Vets/military transportation needs http://www.fta.dot.gov/veterans U.S. Department of Transportation 19
  • 20. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Intelligent Transportation Systems - Integrated Corridor Management (ICM) • Goals – Demonstrate and evaluate strategies and ITS technologies that help transportation operators efficiently and proactively manage corridors – Provide the necessary tools, knowledge, and guidance, for ICM • $28.5 million in USDOT funds 20
  • 21. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Transit in ICM • Transit offers additional corridor capacity • Transit can assist in managing corridor demand • ITS increases transit flexibility, efficiency, and coordination 21
  • 22. Broad ICM StrategiesFEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION • Increase multi-agency collaboration and coordination for overall corridor management – Coordinate incident management – Coordinate operations for planned and special events – Optimize corridor mobility by promoting mode and route shifts – Manage demand 22
  • 23. ICM Demonstration Pioneer SitesFEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Dallas (US-75) San Diego (I-15) Proposed Strategies Proposed Strategies  Decision support system  Decision support system  Actionable traveler information  Actionable traveler Information • IVR (e.g., 511) • 511 (phone and website) upgrade • Website • Comparable travel times • E-mail alerts  Managed lanes • Comparable travel times  Rerouting of traffic  Rerouting of traffic • Coordinated timing and responsive signal • Coordinated timing and adaptive signal operations control • Coordinated ramp metering and traffic  Mode shift signals • Parking management  Mode Shift • Real-time service adjustments • Bus Rapid Transit • Transit signal priority 23 • Real-time transit info
  • 24. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Intelligent Transportation Systems – Vehicle Assist and Automation (VAA) Assists or automates movement of buses to allow precise operations in extremely narrow lanes, at stations, and potentially bus maintenance facilities Major functions: Precision docking Vehicle guidance Vehicle platooning Automated operations 24
  • 25. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION VAA Demonstration Goals  Demonstrate the technical merits and feasibility of VAA technology applications  Assess benefits and costs Awarded to Caltrans Team  Caltrans  Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District  Lane Transit District  Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways Anticipated Results  Shorter travel times  Greater reliability  More precise docking 25
  • 26. VAA DemonstrationFEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION • Revenue Service Applications – Lateral guidance on an HOV lane and through a toll plaza – Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) lateral guidance and precision docking • Technologies Proposed – Magnetic marker sensing – Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) with inertial navigation sensors – Combination of the two • November 2012 Start Field Tests • Independent Evaluation by CUTR 26
  • 27. For More Information ITS Research = Multimodal and Connected Drivers/OperatorsVehicles and Fleets Infrastructure Connectivity 27 Wireless Devices
  • 28. For More InformationConnected Vehicle Program 28
  • 29. For More InformationTransit Connected Vehicle Program Transit Connected Vehicle Concept of Operations Safety Mobility Environment Data Capture & ManagementSafety Applications Dynamic Mobility Applications AERIS• Pedestrian Indication • Connection Protection (T-Connect) • Interactive TSP (Green Wave)• Vehicle Collision Warnings • Dynamic Transit Operations (T-Disp) • Transit Urban Probes• Transit Vehicle at Stop Warnings • Dynamic Ridesharing (D-Ride) • Dynamic Vehicle Assignment• Intersection Collision Warnings • Transit Signal Priority (TSP) • Greener Operators • Smart Park and Ride System • Greener Travelers • Universal Map Application • Smart Emergency Communications and Evacuation • Intermittent Bus Lane • Route ID for the Visually Impaired • Integrated Multi-modal Electronic Payment • Transit Vehicle Real-Time Data Collection
  • 30. For More InformationConnected Vehicle Benefits Analysis• V2V systems potentially address about 79% of all vehicle target crashes annually.• V2I systems potentially address about 26% of all-vehicle target crashes annually.• Combined V2V and V2I systems potentially address about 81% of all- vehicle target crashes annually. 30
  • 31. For More Information Transit Safety (V2I)Approximately 35% of all Pedestrian Warning Application for Transit Vehiclespedestrian crashes occur Option 2 Pedestrian Detection Systemduring turning maneuvers.85% are left turns Pedestrian Detection System15% are right turns Option 2 Traffic Signal Controller Local Safety System / Processor NOTE: Option 1 – This option includes RSE sending an alert when the crosswalk signal has been SPaT Message and activated. MapData Message Option 2 – This option includes the use of a pedestrian detection system to detect the presence of 31 a pedestrian in the crosswalk. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
  • 32. For More Information Transit Safety (V2V) Vehicle Turning Right in Front of aCars passing a stopped bus Transit Vehicledo not realize the bus ispulling away from the stop. Bus Stop Bus Stop location – located on the Transit Vehicle’s application processor 32 DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
  • 33. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION • Data Capture is the active acquisition and systematic provision of integrated, multi-source data to enhance current operational practices and transform future surface transportation systems management. Data Environment • This data is used to assist operations, Truck Data traveler information, and maintenance. Transit Data 33
  • 34. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Mobility applications expedite development, testing, commercialization, and deployment of innovative mobility applications to maximize Reduce Speed 35 MPH Transit Signal system productivity and Weather Priority enhance mobility of Application individuals within the system. Data Fleet Environment Management/ Dynamic Route Guidance 34
  • 35. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION High Priority Dynamic Mobility Applications • Advanced Transit Signal Priority • Integrated Multimodal Electronic Payment • Dynamic Transit Dispatching • Smart Park and Ride System • Dynamic Connection Protection 35
  • 36. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Environmental • Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS) program • Focuses on the capture, synthesis, and delivery of real-time, vehicle- and infrastructure-based, environmentally relevant information to support system management that advances environmental improvements within the transportation system. 36
  • 37. VAA DemonstrationFEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION • ITS Standards – Adherence to established US/ISO standards • NTCIP standard is a family of communications standards for transmitting primarily data and messages between microcomputer control devices used in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). • APTA TCIP standard for transit is an interface standard whose primary purpose is to define standardized mechanisms for the exchange of information in the form of data among transit business systems, subsystems, components, and devices. • ISO Technical Committee 204 on Transit standards is responsible for the overall system aspects and infrastructure aspects of intelligent transport systems (ITS), as well as the coordination of the overall ISO work program in this field including the schedule for standards development, taking into account the work of existing international standardization bodies. 37
  • 38. VAA Demonstration Transit ITS Benefits• Fleet requirements 2% to 5%• Schedule adherence 9% to 23%• Boarding time with AFC 38%• Transit travel times after TSP 1.5% to 15%• Customer satisfaction with 511 68% to 92%• Operating cost per transit VMT 8.5%• Large transit agencies: – 43% employ in-vehicle video surveillance – 64% employ magnetic stripe payment systems – 31% employ smart card technology – 60% employ AVL on fixed-route buses Source: Intelligent Transportation Systems Benefits, Costs, Deployment, and Lessons Learned: 2008 Update
  • 39. For More InformationFEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION Jeffrey Spencer ITS Team Leader 202-366-0550 Jeffrey.Spencer@dot.gov 39