In support of lightness:
the mobile and transient cultures
Paola Voci, University of Otago
Colloque Mobile Education Média...
Premise: (where do I come from?)
-  a personal passion/intellectual obsession for
“things” (the idea of China and that of ...
1. defining lightness and legitimate cultures
2. from the digital to the mobile (a conceptual
move)
3. soft power vs light...
1. Defining … legitimate cultures

Legitimate cultures have a cultural
weight, a measurable impacting quality.
To be recog...
legitimate cultures
legitimate cultures
legitimate cultures
legitimate cultures
legitimate cultures
legitimate cultures
legitimate cultures
1.
defining … lightness

Lightness: a concept that attempts to
describe and critically understand the
creative impulse out...
lightness: the animateur

	
  
Within	
  the	
  conceptualiza/on	
  	
  of	
  
lightness:	
  a	
  preliminary	
  explora/o...
Auteur/amatuer
i.Mirror, (Second Life documentary)
dir. Cao Fei 曹斐, 2007
Animateur
Shang Weiwei 尚微微 , dir. Han Bo 韩博,
(Part One of the SARS Quartet), 2004
2. from the digital to the mobile

-  moving (moving) images beyond of
their institutional boundaries
-  moving viewers (s...
the	
  digi/al
Now that we have … digital cameras
Jia Zhangke“ 贾樟柯, “Youle VCD he shuma shexiangji yihou. ... shexiangji y...
accidental
journalism…
	
  

amateur/auteur
microcinema

the	
  mobile
2. from the digital to the mobile

digital mobile/ online / small screens
portable
- 
- 
- 
- 

Made by and for small scre...
2. from the digital to the mobile

auteur/author/spectator/producer/
maker/consumer/user…
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 

Amateur
Au...
from the digital to the mobile
3.	
  	
  soG	
  power	
  

“Giving weight” to the digital/mobile
cultures
-  Endorsed/legitimized/regulated
-  Still circ...
3. soft power

the	
  rise	
  of	
  microcinema	
  
(the	
  professional	
  strikes	
  
back…)	
  

state-­‐endorsed	
  mi...
"MOBILE	
  SIFF”	
  (a	
  mobile	
  movies	
  category	
  that	
  Shanghai	
  Interna/onal	
  Film	
  
Fes/val	
  has	
  l...
Light	
  power	
  
•  mobile	
  cultures’	
  light	
  power	
  is	
  part	
  of	
  a	
  
broader	
  resistance	
  against	...
3. … light power
3. … light power
lightness

legitimate cultures

"网瘾战争,"	
  War	
  of	
  Internet	
  Addic/on,	
  
screened	
  at	
  the	
  30th	
  Hawaii	...
4. in support of lightness

Light mobile (itinerant) cultures
(i.e. outside the institutions of
legitimate cultures) impac...
4. in support of lightness

Knowledge – sapere/sapore
Two	
  arguably	
  s/ll	
  rela/vely	
  
unchallenged	
  points	
  o...
4. in support of lightness

Knowledge	
  is	
  not	
  a	
  ma?er	
  we	
  can	
  leave	
  
to	
  chance	
  and	
  certainl...
4. in support of lightness

•  But	
  is	
  not	
  an	
  event	
  in	
  fact	
  more	
  significant	
  
and	
  noteworthy	
...
Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »
Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »
Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »
Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »
Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »
Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »
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Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »

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Présentation de Paola Voci (Université d’Otago, Nouvelle Zélande), «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures» au Colloque Mobile Education Mediation, 5-6 décembre 2013, Paris 3.

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Paola Voci, «In support of lightness: mobile phones and transient cultures »

  1. 1. In support of lightness: the mobile and transient cultures Paola Voci, University of Otago Colloque Mobile Education Médiation 5-6 December 2013
  2. 2. Premise: (where do I come from?) -  a personal passion/intellectual obsession for “things” (the idea of China and that of cinema being among the main “things” I focus on) that move and escape boundaries – which led me to the conceptualization of lightness as both a concept and a practice that explains and historicizes (visual) cultural practices that escape the boundaries of legitimate cultures.
  3. 3. 1. defining lightness and legitimate cultures 2. from the digital to the mobile (a conceptual move) 3. soft power vs light power 4. in support of lightness
  4. 4. 1. Defining … legitimate cultures Legitimate cultures have a cultural weight, a measurable impacting quality. To be recognized as having any social (here including political and economic), cultural and historical relevance, any legitimate cultural product needs to gain recognition from an accepted endorsement-giving entity.
  5. 5. legitimate cultures
  6. 6. legitimate cultures
  7. 7. legitimate cultures
  8. 8. legitimate cultures
  9. 9. legitimate cultures
  10. 10. legitimate cultures
  11. 11. legitimate cultures
  12. 12. 1. defining … lightness Lightness: a concept that attempts to describe and critically understand the creative impulse outside (but intersecting) legitimate cultures. At the content and formal levels, lightness refers to an expressive and cognitive cultural practice that reclaims a personal dimension over the collective, and personalizes globally defined cultural spaces.
  13. 13. lightness: the animateur   Within  the  conceptualiza/on    of   lightness:  a  preliminary  explora/on  of   the  amateur  as  an:   -­‐    animateur  [the  videomaker  that  wants   to  animate  ("give  life”)  to  reality]  as  a   key  to  see/understand  what  escapes  the   a?en/on/valida/on  of  legi/mate   cultures.   -­‐  expressive,  pleasure  seeking   [exhibi/onist],  provoca/ve/innova/ve    
  14. 14. Auteur/amatuer i.Mirror, (Second Life documentary) dir. Cao Fei 曹斐, 2007
  15. 15. Animateur Shang Weiwei 尚微微 , dir. Han Bo 韩博, (Part One of the SARS Quartet), 2004
  16. 16. 2. from the digital to the mobile -  moving (moving) images beyond of their institutional boundaries -  moving viewers (spectators/ consumers/users) beyond of their institutional boundaries -  from the professional to the mobile/ transient amateur A non-technological look at mobility -­‐  a  crucial  development  in  the   posthuman:  mobile  condi/on.   -  portable  (rather  than  mobile)  devices.    
  17. 17. the  digi/al Now that we have … digital cameras Jia Zhangke“ 贾樟柯, “Youle VCD he shuma shexiangji yihou. ... shexiangji yihou 有了 VCD和数码摄像机以后( [Now That We Have VCDs and Digital Cameras]” in Zhang Xianmin and Zhang Yaxuan, Yige ren de yingxiang, Beijing: Zhongguo Qingnian Chubanshe, 2003, pp. 309-311.
  18. 18. accidental journalism…   amateur/auteur microcinema the  mobile
  19. 19. 2. from the digital to the mobile digital mobile/ online / small screens portable -  -  -  -  Made by and for small screens Viewed by transient audiences Circulated (mostly) freely ONLINE Impermanent (quickly appearing and disappearing) -  Individually (privately) made and viewed but collectively (publicly) shared
  20. 20. 2. from the digital to the mobile auteur/author/spectator/producer/ maker/consumer/user… -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Amateur Auteur Shared creativity (ownership) Genre crossing Post-medium (multimedia) Open work Tentative term: animateur
  21. 21. from the digital to the mobile
  22. 22. 3.    soG  power   “Giving weight” to the digital/mobile cultures -  Endorsed/legitimized/regulated -  Still circulated ONLINE (but not quite “free”) -  Money-making (mostly advertising) -  Political propaganda
  23. 23. 3. soft power the  rise  of  microcinema   (the  professional  strikes   back…)   state-­‐endorsed  microcinema   (poli/cal  propaganda)   "Walker,"  dir.  Tsai  Mingliang   produced  by  Youku  for  its   "Beau/ful  2012”  campaign,  2012     the  “fake  amateur”  (i.e.,  领导人是 怎样炼成的  [How  are  leaders   selected?]   h?p://v.youku.com/v_show/ id_XNjIxNjAyNzM2.html)    
  24. 24. "MOBILE  SIFF”  (a  mobile  movies  category  that  Shanghai  Interna/onal  Film   Fes/val  has  launched  since  2011)      
  25. 25. Light  power   •  mobile  cultures’  light  power  is  part  of  a   broader  resistance  against  regula/on  and   ins/tu/onaliza/on  of  culture  and  instead   promotes  its  unregulated,  spontaneous,  and   in  fact  chao/c  de-­‐centraliza/on  
  26. 26. 3. … light power
  27. 27. 3. … light power
  28. 28. lightness legitimate cultures "网瘾战争,"  War  of  Internet  Addic/on,   screened  at  the  30th  Hawaii   Interna/onal  Film  Fes/val  in  2011    
  29. 29. 4. in support of lightness Light mobile (itinerant) cultures (i.e. outside the institutions of legitimate cultures) impact on practices and conceptualizations of: -  Art (film theories…) -  Society -  Politics -  Knowledge
  30. 30. 4. in support of lightness Knowledge – sapere/sapore Two  arguably  s/ll  rela/vely   unchallenged  points  of  view  :     1.  knowledge  is    necessarily  linked  to   serious,  solid,  legi/mate  cultural   ins/tu/ons       2.  light  (vola/le,  chao/c,  and   unendorsed)  cultural  prac/ces  are   –if  not  meaningless  –  pleasurable   distrac/ons.    
  31. 31. 4. in support of lightness Knowledge  is  not  a  ma?er  we  can  leave   to  chance  and  certainly  not  to  be  sought   on  the  surface.    (True  or  False?)     Yet,  in  Taoism  (and,  many  may  argue,  in   phenomenology)  the  impermanence  of   the  surface  has  also  been  reclaimed  as   being  carrier  of  knowledge.    
  32. 32. 4. in support of lightness •  But  is  not  an  event  in  fact  more  significant   and  noteworthy  the  greater  the  number   of  fortui/es  necessary  to  bring  it  about?   Chance  and  chance  alone  has  a  message   for  us”  (Kundera  1984:  48).   •      •  la  superficie  è  il  luogo  della  stupidità  solo   per  chi  crede  nella  profondità  come  luogo   del  senso  (Baricco,  2010)   h?p://mag.wired.it/rivista/storie/i-­‐nuovi-­‐ barbari.html?page=1#content    

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