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At a Glance:  Voter Registration and Voter List Audits Michelle Brown
Importance of Voter Registration <ul><li>Conduct of free and fair elections is a cornerstone of the democratic process.  <...
Voter Registration
Voter Registration
Voter list Audit (VLA) <ul><li>VLA is a scientific and systematic assessment of the voters' list within the voter registra...
Voter list Audit (VLA) <ul><li>VLA is a scientific and systematic assessment of the voters' list within the voter registra...
VRA Methodology <ul><li>Computer Tests: internal checks and external comparisons on data using other data sets (Census dat...
Two way field tests Voters List   Eligible Voters/ Voting Age Public List-to-people test People-to-list test
2007 preliminary list Recommendation: Reduce Number of duplicate entries - name and birth date
May 2008 list: Number of duplicate entries for name and birth date reduced
 
Indonesia VLA Methods of  Data Transmision RE c AP DATA  CENTER ENTRY CALL  CENTER SMS  CENTER Postal  service 1 2 3
Guyana’s VLAs 1991, 1992 <ul><li>Conducted by the Electoral Assistance Bureau (EAB) in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>More than 30...
Guyana’s VLAs 1991, 1992 <ul><li>Conducted by the Electoral Assistance Bureau (EAB) in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>More than 30...
Indonesia’s VRA 2004 <ul><li>The VLA conducted by LP3ES and NDI prior to the April elections received high praise from the...
Indonesia’s VRA 2004 <ul><li>The VLA conducted by LP3ES and NDI prior to the April elections received high praise from the...
Voter’s list audits allow civil society groups to publish statistically sound and systematically-gathered data.
Voter’s list audits allow civil society groups to publish statistically sound and systematically-gathered data.
Thank You Michelle Brown [email_address]
Thank You Michelle Brown [email_address]
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Vra Ignite M Brown

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  • Specific assessment of the list not the process as a whole
  • Specific assessment of the list not the process as a whole
  • VRAs will cover 24% of the communes. Depending on the total registered voters in each province, 1-53 communes will be selected as sample points. 1 sample points for Mondolkiri (24,571 voters) &amp; Kep (21,392) provinces 53 sample points for Kampong Cham with 1,072,229 (approx 45x Kep) Average # registered voters such as Kampot (344,950) approximately will have 17 communes as sample points
  • Total respondents 3,850 respondents In each of the communes, 10 randomly selected of voters and voting age public will be selected as respondents. So the study is designed to cover both registered voters and those unregistered but eligible to register as voters 770 respondents will be selected from the voting age public as quota, with defined criteria such as just died, just moved, young voters, etc. At each of the interview in the list to people (4 respondents each commune), the information on the respondents ID’s and elector card was crosschecked against the information provided in the voters list to establish the accuracy of the register. In the people to list test (random), 4 respondents from 4 different household around the sampled polling stations will be selected. And in each household will only be interviewed one respondents using Kishgrid method while maintaining age and gender balance in the selection of the respondents.
  • In Guyana, the Electoral Assistance Bureau (EAB) first conducted field and computer tests to assess the quality of the voters list before general elections in 1991. The EAB determined that over 30 percent of the names on the preliminary voters list (PVL) could not be found based on a list-to-people field test. A computer test of the PVL discovered that out of the nearly 400,000 names on the PVL, 1,700 sets of names had the same national ID number. From information gathered by monitors during the list-to-people field test, the EAB also calculated that nearly 30,000 registered voters lacked ID cards that were required for voting. After the EAB publicized these concerns, the Guyana Election Commission decided to postpone the elections until the following year to permit time for the PVL to be extensively revised. In 1992, the EAB conducted another set of tests on the new PVL and discovered that the number of errors was greatly reduced. The number of people not found fell to 3.7 percent, and only 28 sets of names had the same national ID number. However, the EAB continued to express concerns about registered voters who lacked ID cards and urged the election commission to intensify its efforts to produce and distribute ID cards. Since 1992, the EAB has conducted both field and computer tests of the PVL for both the 1997 and 2001 elections.
  • In Guyana, the Electoral Assistance Bureau (EAB) first conducted field and computer tests to assess the quality of the voters list before general elections in 1991. The EAB determined that over 30 percent of the names on the preliminary voters list (PVL) could not be found based on a list-to-people field test. A computer test of the PVL discovered that out of the nearly 400,000 names on the PVL, 1,700 sets of names had the same national ID number. From information gathered by monitors during the list-to-people field test, the EAB also calculated that nearly 30,000 registered voters lacked ID cards that were required for voting. After the EAB publicized these concerns, the Guyana Election Commission decided to postpone the elections until the following year to permit time for the PVL to be extensively revised. In 1992, the EAB conducted another set of tests on the new PVL and discovered that the number of errors was greatly reduced. The number of people not found fell to 3.7 percent, and only 28 sets of names had the same national ID number. However, the EAB continued to express concerns about registered voters who lacked ID cards and urged the election commission to intensify its efforts to produce and distribute ID cards. Since 1992, the EAB has conducted both field and computer tests of the PVL for both the 1997 and 2001 elections.
  • Voter registration audits in Indonesia (conducted once by civil society group JAMPPI and followed by a later audit conducted by civil society group LP3ES) and special territory Aceh (conducted by civil society group Yappika) in 2004, did not compare results to previous voter lists, but nonetheless helped to inform the public of the voter registration process and build confidence in the voter list. Most problems were minor and the groups found that the voter registration rate was relatively high, but discovered that the rate was much lower for certain lower-class and marginalized groups. They found that the accuracy of the information in the list varied, and that one of largest problems were people who were unaware that they were registered, rather than eligible voters being excluded from the list. The VRA conducted by LP3ES and NDI prior to the April elections received high praise from the General Elections Commission (KPU), which had been under initial scrutiny for a mismanaged voter registration process.  Following the audit, the KPU even decided to conduct a follow-on registration effort in April and May for the first round of the presidential election in order to both register those eligible but still unregistered, and to purge “ghost voters” from the rolls. The KPU pledged to involve village chiefs and neighborhood leaders in this follow-on effort. NDI and its domestic partners conducted similar VRAs for local elections throughout Indonesia in 2005 and 2006 as well.
  • Voter registration audits in Indonesia (conducted once by civil society group JAMPPI and followed by a later audit conducted by civil society group LP3ES) and special territory Aceh (conducted by civil society group Yappika) in 2004, did not compare results to previous voter lists, but nonetheless helped to inform the public of the voter registration process and build confidence in the voter list. Most problems were minor and the groups found that the voter registration rate was relatively high, but discovered that the rate was much lower for certain lower-class and marginalized groups. They found that the accuracy of the information in the list varied, and that one of largest problems were people who were unaware that they were registered, rather than eligible voters being excluded from the list. The VRA conducted by LP3ES and NDI prior to the April elections received high praise from the General Elections Commission (KPU), which had been under initial scrutiny for a mismanaged voter registration process.  Following the audit, the KPU even decided to conduct a follow-on registration effort in April and May for the first round of the presidential election in order to both register those eligible but still unregistered, and to purge “ghost voters” from the rolls. The KPU pledged to involve village chiefs and neighborhood leaders in this follow-on effort. NDI and its domestic partners conducted similar VRAs for local elections throughout Indonesia in 2005 and 2006 as well.
  • Transcript of "Vra Ignite M Brown"

    1. 1. At a Glance: Voter Registration and Voter List Audits Michelle Brown
    2. 2. Importance of Voter Registration <ul><li>Conduct of free and fair elections is a cornerstone of the democratic process. </li></ul><ul><li>Voter registration is the foundation for other aspects of the electoral process. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Voter Registration
    4. 4. Voter Registration
    5. 5. Voter list Audit (VLA) <ul><li>VLA is a scientific and systematic assessment of the voters' list within the voter registration process </li></ul>
    6. 6. Voter list Audit (VLA) <ul><li>VLA is a scientific and systematic assessment of the voters' list within the voter registration process </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>To verify the accuracy of voters list; </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate the quality of voter registration process; </li></ul><ul><li>To promote broad public confidence in the process on election day and beyond; and </li></ul><ul><li>To inform the voters about the voter registration process </li></ul>
    7. 7. VRA Methodology <ul><li>Computer Tests: internal checks and external comparisons on data using other data sets (Census data) </li></ul><ul><li>Statistically rigorous two-way field test </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. List-to-people – select names from the voter list and then interviewed them to verified their data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. People-to-list – select and interview voters and then verified their data back to the voter list </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Two way field tests Voters List Eligible Voters/ Voting Age Public List-to-people test People-to-list test
    9. 9. 2007 preliminary list Recommendation: Reduce Number of duplicate entries - name and birth date
    10. 10. May 2008 list: Number of duplicate entries for name and birth date reduced
    11. 12. Indonesia VLA Methods of Data Transmision RE c AP DATA CENTER ENTRY CALL CENTER SMS CENTER Postal service 1 2 3
    12. 13. Guyana’s VLAs 1991, 1992 <ul><li>Conducted by the Electoral Assistance Bureau (EAB) in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>More than 30 percent of the names on the preliminary voters list (PVL) could not be found based on a list-to-people field test </li></ul>
    13. 14. Guyana’s VLAs 1991, 1992 <ul><li>Conducted by the Electoral Assistance Bureau (EAB) in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>More than 30 percent of the names on the preliminary voters list (PVL) could not be found based on a list-to-people field test </li></ul><ul><li>Results caused the Election Commission to postpone the election </li></ul><ul><li>EAB conduct another VLA in 1992 showing big improvements </li></ul>
    14. 15. Indonesia’s VRA 2004 <ul><li>The VLA conducted by LP3ES and NDI prior to the April elections received high praise from the General Elections Commission (KPU) </li></ul><ul><li>KPU needed guidance on how to improve the list </li></ul><ul><li>The VLA revealed that there were many eligible voters that were not included on the list. </li></ul>
    15. 16. Indonesia’s VRA 2004 <ul><li>The VLA conducted by LP3ES and NDI prior to the April elections received high praise from the General Elections Commission (KPU) </li></ul><ul><li>KPU needed guidance on how to improve the list </li></ul><ul><li>The VLA revealed that there were many eligible voters that were not included on the list. </li></ul><ul><li>Following the audit release, the Election Commission took the recommendations very seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Election Commission decided to conduct additional registration efforts in April and May for the first round of the presidential election. </li></ul>
    16. 17. Voter’s list audits allow civil society groups to publish statistically sound and systematically-gathered data.
    17. 18. Voter’s list audits allow civil society groups to publish statistically sound and systematically-gathered data.
    18. 19. Thank You Michelle Brown [email_address]
    19. 20. Thank You Michelle Brown [email_address]
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