The world trade pt. 2


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The world trade pt. 2

  1. 1. Jimmy Hill The World That Trade Made
  2. 2. When Asia Was the World Economy <ul><li>While Columbus was discovering the Americas looking for India, The Portuguese actually found India and helped start a vast commercial system centered on the Indian Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>An Asian centered world economy had been developing since the rise of Islam in the seventh century. </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans shipped Indian spices and goods through both the Red and Mediterranean seas. </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese set up three major forts in Malacca, the straights connecting the Indian/Pacific and Hormuz, blocking major westbound trade routes. </li></ul><ul><li>Settlements were vulnerable and not self-sufficient. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Economic Culture of Drugs <ul><li>Historically drugs or goods used to defer the natural state of mind have been central to exchange and consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 17 century wealthy people from all regions began to drink, smoke and eat mildly toxic plants that came from long distances. </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee, tea, cocoa, tobacco, sugar and alcohol were the main drugs and gave birth to the modern world economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Producers often kept a monopoly on all exchange of their drugs because the products were usually indigenous to specific region. </li></ul><ul><li>These drugs were from the outlaw underground to becoming central parts of lifestyle in Europe. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aztec Traders <ul><li>Upon their first Arrival of the Americans, they immediately controlled long distance commerce. </li></ul><ul><li>Turquoise and silver from New Mexico was traded down to Tenochtitlan by natives for exchange of bowls, knives, combs, blankets and feather work. </li></ul><ul><li>The island of Cozumel was a major trading center for the Yucatan, but no other coastal ports have been discovered. </li></ul><ul><li>The market in Tenochtitlan was twice the size of Salamanca, very well organized dazzling an array of manufactured goods able to converse across many language barriers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Potatoes <ul><li>The potato was discovered by Spanish in the Peruvian Andes in the 1550’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes could grow in extreme conditions of frost, are very nutritious, providing more calories than rice and are very easy to grow and store, requiring little energy to maintain. </li></ul><ul><li>The potato and maize corn were the Asian niche in their highlands helping open up the highlands along China’s huge Yangzi river. </li></ul><ul><li>The potato singlehandedly saved the Irish population from starvation and English destruction until the 1840’s when the potato mold created a blight wiping out 20% of their population. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sweet Revolutions <ul><li>The Arabs were the first great sugar cultivators, it was first domesticated in India by 300 B.C. but spread slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants of Venice used their commercial fleet and navy to control the European sugar trade of the middle ages. </li></ul><ul><li>When the Portuguese discovered the African islands of Madeira and Sao Tome they were quick to turn the island of Sao Tome into a sugar plantation. </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus brought many spices to Americans and it was in Brazil where sugar first flourished on a massive scale broadening the industry. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where There’s Smoke <ul><li>Columbus had seen natives smoking snuff on his first arrival of the Americas, and later explorers found the same thing, natives smoked, cooked, licked, ate and snorted tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobaccos were smoked to dull flesh and not feel weariness, Mayan Shamans smoked until they passed out and stayed passed out. </li></ul><ul><li>Once explorers traded it everyone who came into contact was hooked, traders realized where there was tobacco there was money to be made. </li></ul><ul><li>King James I of England resented smoking tobacco because barbarians and beastly godless Indians discovered it. </li></ul><ul><li>The tobacco industry brought the holocaust of slavery, social dulges of civil war and environmental destruction. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mocca is not Chocolate <ul><li>Although the coffee plant appeared as a native plant in Ethiopia, coffee was developed as a beverage around 1400 in the Yemeni city of Mocca. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1500’s the beverage became very common on the Arabian Peninsula, it was adopted in worship by Muslins. </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee was viewed as heretical by Europeans because it was a muslin drink and the Turkish fashion of a hot, black, thick drink did not please Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Arabs had a monopoly on coffee for 300 years, but it was very difficult for them to manufacture in mass quantity. </li></ul><ul><li>The French found a way to end the Arab monopoly and coffee trees were planted in the Americas, the market of Mocca could not keep up within the colonial mass production. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 Yemen provided less then one percent of the worlds coffee. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chocolate <ul><li>For centuries natives in the Americas used cacao for a stimulant, hallucinogen, and aphrodisiac, as for its taste. </li></ul><ul><li>Warriors would count on the caffeine of cacao for battle, others would drink fermented chocolate and feel intoxicated. </li></ul><ul><li>Chocolate had a very rare and desired value in the Aztec market place, only found in the tropical lowlands of the Maya people. </li></ul><ul><li>Cacao beans were used as money in the market place and even counterfeited (stuffed clay in an empty shell). </li></ul><ul><li>Ascetic priests popularized chocolate in Spain and it was considered a Catholic drink. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the first stimulant to be favored in Europe and became Spanish America’s primary export/Agricultural good. </li></ul>