SCENARIO You are a teacher who has a few students that require you todifferentiate your instruction. Three have been diagnosed with ADHD,while one has an auditory disability, and requires a special device inorder to hear. In addition, you have a number of students that havemild learning disabilities that impact all areas, especially reading andwriting. As you prepare for the school year, you ask yourself, "Whatresources do I have in order to help me meet my students needs?“ Resource: ITEC 7530 Module 4 Assignment
GOALS Become familiar with all terms needed to assist and speak withstudents with special needs Acquire an understanding of laws that protect and aid in assistingstudents with special needs Find and utilize all resources that are available for special needsstudents Introduce technology to assist students with special needs
TERMS TO KNOW Assistive Technology refers to any item, piece of equipment, orproduct system, whether acquired commercially or off the shelf,modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improvefunctional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. Inclusion is the educational practice of educating children withdisabilities in classrooms with children without disabilities. Individual Education Plan or IEP guides the delivery of specialeducation supports and services for the student with a disability. Least Restrictive Environment or LRE is the process of deliveringinstruction as much as possible in a regular classroom to a specialneeds student. Consultative is the consultation between a teacher and a professionalconcerning the best learning strategies for the special needs student.
WHAT QUALIFIESASTUDENT FORSPECIALSERVICES? The following examples are just a few that would qualify a student fordevelopmental services such as IEP. Along with each disability,academic performance of the student must be affected. Autism Visual Difficulties Hearing Difficulties Learning Disorders Emotional Behavioral Disorders Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Developmental Delays
WORKING WITH SPECIALNEEDSSTUDENTS As with any classroom, no two students share the same learningneeds. Although some students are identified by the teacher to require IEPor special services, other students may just experience difficultiesin learning, but are not identified as a special needs student. Teachers should possess the effective ability to work with studentswho require extra attention academically, accessing all resourcesavailable to them.
WHERE DO WE PERFORM SERVICES FORSPECIALNEEDS STUDENTS? Most students are served in an inclusion setting, in a regulareducation classroom where another teacher assists. Students mustbe served in the LDR according to IDEA. Resource rooms are also used in which students are pulled out ofthe regular classroom to receive services in a smaller setting. A self contained classroom can be used with students that expressextreme disabilities. These students will join the regular classsessions only for connections type classes such as musicappreciation of physical education.
AVAILABLE RESOURCES School counselors and psychologists are the number one resources,along with the special education department. Three informative websites that are available are:http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/children_with_learning_disabilitieshttp://www.gpat.org/Georgia-Project-for-Assistive-Technology/Pages/default.aspxhttp://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/tech/tech086.shtml
MOST EFFECTIVE LEARNINGSTRATEGIESThe following strategies have been recommended by TheLearning Disabilities Association of America.Supply regular quality feedbackBreak learning into smaller stepsScaffoldingAdminister probesUse diagrams and pictures to support teachingProvide enough independent and intensive practiceProvide strategies to useRetrieved from:http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/strategies.asp
ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGYFOR STUDENTSMany teachers are searching for and finding additional resourcesto aid in more effective teaching methods for special needsstudents that they were originally unaware of.Independence in student s with disabilities is promoted throughassistive technology resources.Assistive technology, when used appropriated prepares studentsbetter for the future if introduced at an earlier age.
ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGYFORSPECIALNEEDSStrategies for students with ADHD – students have trouble focusingand usually act without thinking while exhibiting extremehyperactive behavior.OutlineFlow chartsPreferential seatingStructured note taking assignmentsStrategies that are more technical are also possibilities.Word processorsLaptopsSpreadsheets
ADDITIONALASSISTIVETECHNOLOGYDevices for the hearing impaired students include:Infrared Systems that send s sound through infrared signalsInductive Loop System is when a loop is installed under the carpetaround the speaker and listener generating a sound that the speakercan hear. Other ideas for the hearing impaired include:Manual or sign languageUse language that is written to supplement spoken languageProvide pictures that represent the lesson