World at 1500 intro empires and trade patterns


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World at 1500 intro empires and trade patterns

  1. 1. The World at 1500 <ul><li>Who were the “movers & shakers?” </li></ul><ul><li>Where was all the money? </li></ul><ul><li>What was traded? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the trade routes? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Location of some of the major states and empires in the Eastern Hemisphere England France Spain Russia Ottoman Empire Persia China Mughal India Songhai Empire Location of major states and empires in the Western Hemisphere Incan Empire Aztec Empire
  3. 3. England: Power- mainly landed, Catholic gentry Trade - powerful navy, agriculture, wool
  4. 4. Spain: Power- very Catholic gentry Trade - former powerful navy, owns land in many nations 700 years of Moorish (Arab) rule, unique cultural merge of Christianity and Islam
  5. 5. France: Power- mainly landed, Catholic gentry Trade - wine, fine linens, crops, proud tradition of feudal empires
  6. 6. Russia: power - landed gentry, very superstitious, “backwards” trade - furs, agriculture
  7. 7. Ottoman Empire: Major player in world trade, gateway b/w Europe and Asia. Gateway to Silk Road trade. Very advanced administrative institutions, Islamic but very tolerant of other religions, highly advanced in mathematics, very strong military, major cities and major libraries and universities
  8. 8. Persia/ Safavi a.k.a Iran today, very advanced military. Also major player in Silk Road trade route. Very large cities, advanced mathematics
  9. 9. Mughal Empire : a.k.a modern India. One of the ancient civilizations. Control Indian Ocean trade.Control trade of Silk Empire in the north but would become the trading post in the south of India as ocean exploration begins in 1500s. Advanced education, some Muslim but mainly Hindu.
  10. 10. Songhai Empire: Controls trade (gold) from south of Sahara desert to north of Africa, Egypt, and Europe. Extensive libraries and wealth (Timbaktu). Will be destroyed by European exploration/slave trade of 1500s
  11. 11. China : center of the earth people who don’t need anything in trade. They have it all and export some through Silk Road. Only allows limited European contact. extremely advanced: paper, gunpowder, pasta, bureaucracy
  12. 12. Incan Empire : the most powerful empire of South America , extensive trade empire centered in Peru. Advanced astronomy and farming. Fierce warriors.
  13. 13. Aztec Empire : located in central America (modern Mexico), gold masters, elaborate religion, fierce warriors, extensive agriculture. Mayan culture somewhat merged into Aztec.
  14. 14. Was the world really flat in 1500? Is today’s world flat?
  15. 15. The World Today <ul><li>Who are the “movers & shakers?” </li></ul><ul><li>Where is all the money? </li></ul><ul><li>What is traded? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the trade routes? </li></ul>
  16. 16. How did we get from the 1500s where the world was seen as flat to 2010 where the world functions as if it is flat? ...and what does that mean to you anyway?