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Third  Parties

Third Parties






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    Third  Parties Third Parties Presentation Transcript

    • Parties in Elections & Third Parties
    • Third Parties
      • What is a “third party”?
      • Cite examples of third parties
      • Identify and describe major challenges to third party success in the United States today
    • History of Third Parties
          • Third parties have gotten great attention, but in fact h a ve not assumed the importance that all the academic attention on them suggests.
          • No minor third party as ever come close to winning the presidency:
              • キ  Only 8 have won as much as a single electoral vote.
              • キ  Only 5 third party candidates including TR in 1912 and Ross Perot in 1992 have won more than 10% of popular vote.
    • Minor Parties (3rd parties)
      • 1) Ideological parties- comprehensive, radical views, most enduring
        • Examples include Communist, Socialist, Libertarians
      • 2) One-issue parties- address one concern
        • Examples: Free Soil, Prohibition
      • 3) Economic Protest parties- regional
        • Examples: Greenback, Populist
      • 4) Factional parties- split from major party
        • Examples: Bull Moose, Christian Coalition
    • 3rd Parties
      • Factional parties probably have the greatest influence on public policy.
      • The BIG TWO may pay a heavy price if it fails to recognize the faction that has split from its party.
          • Critical Thinking: The US is the only major Western nation that does not have at least one significant and enduring national third party. Significance?
    • Purpose of Third Parties
          • 1. The electoral progress of third parties is in direct proportion to the failure of the two major parties to incorporate new ideas
          • 2. Influence: Major parties often take on the ideas of third parties.
          • The Democratic Party in 1896 incorporated much of the Populist Party’s platform.
          • The Republican Party in 1970s took on George Wallace’s “S t ates’ rights ” plank.
          • Both the Republican and Democratic Parties in 1992 took on Perot’s reform government ideas, reduce the deficit.
          • 3 . Once the major parties incorporate their ideas, third parties b u rn out.
    • Parties in Elections
      • U.S. electoral system favors a two party dominance
      • Why a two party dominance
      • 1. single member districts- one man/one vote
      • 2. Electoral College – “winner take all”
      • 3. plurality system stacks the deck against 3 rd parties
      • 4. money – PAC money (contributions from interest
      • groups) goes to party with power
      • C. Third parties have little voice in public agenda
      • 1. Electoral College system makes it impossible to win
      • states, even with broad support
      • 2. have very little money because they have no power
    • Parties in Elections
      • Parties on the Spectrum
      • 1. Democrats & Republicans are both centrist because
      • the majority of voters are in the middle of the
      • spectrum
      • 2. Successful third parties are not too extreme (Perot-
      • Reform Party)
      • 3. Most third parties are ideological
      • ( Libertarian, Green, etc) and tend
      • to be to the right or left on the
      • spectrum
      • 4. An Independent is a voter who is
      • not affiliated with ANY party
    • Ross Perot- unusual style but garnered 19% of the vote! (other parties paid attention)
    • Nader - 2000 election