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Problems Cath Ch
 

Problems Cath Ch

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    Problems Cath Ch Problems Cath Ch Presentation Transcript

    • Problems in Roman Catholic Church
      • Was the only Christian church in most of Europe
      • The people of Europe were very devout
      • Everyone was concerned about going to heaven
      • Catholics believe in Purgatory-a place between heaven and hell where a soul stays until the person has done penance for any sins
      Medieval Catholic Church
      • Clergy was poorly trained and often illiterate
      • Higher ranking clergy were more interested in materialism (lifestyle)
      • Popes needed lots of money to pay for lifestyle, wars, and beautiful cathedrals
      • Often clergy bought their positions-simony
      • Indulgences were sold as penance for sins, but often paid for Church projects
      Abuses in the Church
      • Because of trade with Middle East, merchants needed to borrow money to pay for ships and trading goods
      • The Catholic church banned usury
        • Usury=lending money at interest
      • Merchants resented they could only borrow money from non-Christian moneylenders
      • They began to demand changes.
      • Some set up banks to lend money-de Medicis
      Merchants and the Church
      • Italians filled many of the high positions in the Catholic Church-bishops, archbishops, popes
      • All members of Catholic Church had to tithe 10% of their income
      • Most money went to high clergy positions or to Rome (Italians)
      • German princes and English royalty disliked Italian domination of the Church
      • Wanted money to stay in their lands
      Italian Domination of Church
      • Catholic church owned HUGE amounts of land throughout Europe--probably more than 30%
      • They paid no taxes on this land
      • High ranking clergy held political/feudal positions in many lands increasing the Church’s power
      • The pope ruled as a political leader-he ruled a large part of Italy-the Papal States.
      • He often fought wars to control and expand his holdings.
      Church’s Political Power
      • Were sold by the Church as a penance for sins
      • Much of the money went to the pope
      • The pope needed money to build St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
      • He sent Johan Tetzel to Germany to sell indulgences
      • He sent other priests throughout Europe
      Indulgences
      • To sell more indulgences, Tetzel claimed they could get a dead person’s soul out of Purgatory
      • “ The moment a coin in the coffer rings, a soul to heaven springs”
      • Many were outraged by Tetzel’s selling technique, including Martin Luther
      • This led to the Reformation
      Indulgences