Problems Cath Ch
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Problems Cath Ch






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Problems Cath Ch Problems Cath Ch Presentation Transcript

  • Problems in Roman Catholic Church
    • Was the only Christian church in most of Europe
    • The people of Europe were very devout
    • Everyone was concerned about going to heaven
    • Catholics believe in Purgatory-a place between heaven and hell where a soul stays until the person has done penance for any sins
    Medieval Catholic Church
    • Clergy was poorly trained and often illiterate
    • Higher ranking clergy were more interested in materialism (lifestyle)
    • Popes needed lots of money to pay for lifestyle, wars, and beautiful cathedrals
    • Often clergy bought their positions-simony
    • Indulgences were sold as penance for sins, but often paid for Church projects
    Abuses in the Church
    • Because of trade with Middle East, merchants needed to borrow money to pay for ships and trading goods
    • The Catholic church banned usury
      • Usury=lending money at interest
    • Merchants resented they could only borrow money from non-Christian moneylenders
    • They began to demand changes.
    • Some set up banks to lend money-de Medicis
    Merchants and the Church
    • Italians filled many of the high positions in the Catholic Church-bishops, archbishops, popes
    • All members of Catholic Church had to tithe 10% of their income
    • Most money went to high clergy positions or to Rome (Italians)
    • German princes and English royalty disliked Italian domination of the Church
    • Wanted money to stay in their lands
    Italian Domination of Church
    • Catholic church owned HUGE amounts of land throughout Europe--probably more than 30%
    • They paid no taxes on this land
    • High ranking clergy held political/feudal positions in many lands increasing the Church’s power
    • The pope ruled as a political leader-he ruled a large part of Italy-the Papal States.
    • He often fought wars to control and expand his holdings.
    Church’s Political Power
    • Were sold by the Church as a penance for sins
    • Much of the money went to the pope
    • The pope needed money to build St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
    • He sent Johan Tetzel to Germany to sell indulgences
    • He sent other priests throughout Europe
    • To sell more indulgences, Tetzel claimed they could get a dead person’s soul out of Purgatory
    • “ The moment a coin in the coffer rings, a soul to heaven springs”
    • Many were outraged by Tetzel’s selling technique, including Martin Luther
    • This led to the Reformation