Baker v carr

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  • 1. Baker v Carr
    • 1961 District Reapportionment
    you want politics? - messy, nasty, important politics?
  • 2. How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district Representative Eric Cantor- 7th District
  • 3. Baker v Carr 1961
    • Tennessee: Republican Baker complained Tennessee legislature had not drawn “updated” districts since 1901
    • SC said this was not a political decision so the courts could make a judgement.
    • SC said, “ one person one vote ”
    • almost every state had to redistrict b/c of this ruling and urban areas gained and rural lost.....how did that affect politics?
  • 4. So What? States in the 1960s - trying to avoid desegregation - often “drew new districts” which did NOT reflect true populations. This deceptive district drawing is called gerrymandering Reynolds v Sims 1964 SC said: legislative districts must be roughly equal in populations
  • 5. Minority Majority Districts
    • Now states often create minority majority districts - purposefully drawn to create districts that represent minorities who may not otherwise be fairly represented
  • 6. How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district
  • 7. The Politics of It All
    • Redrawing districts is very important. What happens if the lines shift?
  • 8. The politics of it all...
  • 9. Virginia Redistricting for Incumbent Protection You need to know: 1. Who draws the congressional district maps? state legislatures 2.How often do they redraw them? every 10 years - based on the census 3. Why is it so important? incumbents (the current HoR member) is everything. 98% re-election rate