Baker v Carr <ul><li>1961  District Reapportionment </li></ul>you want politics? - messy, nasty, important politics?
How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district Representative Eric Cantor- 7th Dist...
Baker v Carr 1961 <ul><li>Tennessee: Republican Baker complained Tennessee legislature had not drawn “updated” districts s...
So What? States in the 1960s - trying to avoid desegregation - often “drew new districts” which did NOT reflect true popul...
Minority Majority Districts <ul><li>Now states often create minority majority districts - purposefully drawn to create dis...
How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district
The Politics of It All <ul><li>Redrawing districts is very important. What happens if the lines shift?  </li></ul>
The politics of it all...
Virginia Redistricting for Incumbent Protection You need to know: 1. Who draws the congressional district maps? state legi...
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Baker v carr

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Baker v carr

  1. 1. Baker v Carr <ul><li>1961 District Reapportionment </li></ul>you want politics? - messy, nasty, important politics?
  2. 2. How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district Representative Eric Cantor- 7th District
  3. 3. Baker v Carr 1961 <ul><li>Tennessee: Republican Baker complained Tennessee legislature had not drawn “updated” districts since 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>SC said this was not a political decision so the courts could make a judgement. </li></ul><ul><li>SC said, “ one person one vote ” </li></ul><ul><li>almost every state had to redistrict b/c of this ruling and urban areas gained and rural lost.....how did that affect politics? </li></ul>
  4. 4. So What? States in the 1960s - trying to avoid desegregation - often “drew new districts” which did NOT reflect true populations. This deceptive district drawing is called gerrymandering Reynolds v Sims 1964 SC said: legislative districts must be roughly equal in populations
  5. 5. Minority Majority Districts <ul><li>Now states often create minority majority districts - purposefully drawn to create districts that represent minorities who may not otherwise be fairly represented </li></ul>
  6. 6. How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district
  7. 7. The Politics of It All <ul><li>Redrawing districts is very important. What happens if the lines shift? </li></ul>
  8. 8. The politics of it all...
  9. 9. Virginia Redistricting for Incumbent Protection You need to know: 1. Who draws the congressional district maps? state legislatures 2.How often do they redraw them? every 10 years - based on the census 3. Why is it so important? incumbents (the current HoR member) is everything. 98% re-election rate

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