you want politics? - messy, nasty, important politics?
How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district Representative Eric Cantor- 7th District
Baker v Carr 1961
Tennessee: Republican Baker complained Tennessee legislature had not drawn “updated” districts since 1901
SC said this was not a political decision so the courts could make a judgement.
SC said, “ one person one vote ”
almost every state had to redistrict b/c of this ruling and urban areas gained and rural lost.....how did that affect politics?
So What? States in the 1960s - trying to avoid desegregation - often “drew new districts” which did NOT reflect true populations. This deceptive district drawing is called gerrymandering Reynolds v Sims 1964 SC said: legislative districts must be roughly equal in populations
Minority Majority Districts
Now states often create minority majority districts - purposefully drawn to create districts that represent minorities who may not otherwise be fairly represented
How are constitutional districts determined? Representative Bobby Scott- 3rd district
The Politics of It All
Redrawing districts is very important. What happens if the lines shift?
The politics of it all...
Virginia Redistricting for Incumbent Protection You need to know: 1. Who draws the congressional district maps? state legislatures 2.How often do they redraw them? every 10 years - based on the census 3. Why is it so important? incumbents (the current HoR member) is everything. 98% re-election rate