Art Reflection Reform23 4 5

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Art Reflection Reform23 4 5

  1. 1. Art Reflecting Reform and Society Chapter 23: Sections 4 and 5
  2. 2. Emigration <ul><li>Emigration : movement of people away from their native lands </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth due to more food, better health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People moved to industrialized areas where there was a greater demand for factory labor and wages were higher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel was made safer and easier with trains and steamships </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Growth of Cities <ul><li>No running water </li></ul><ul><li>No sewers until the late 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Dumped garbage in streets </li></ul><ul><li>Foul smelling and unhealthy </li></ul><ul><li>No paved streets and street lights </li></ul>
  4. 4. Out Of These Changes Arise New Ways Of Thinking <ul><li>Reformers </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul>
  5. 5. Louis Pasteur <ul><li>studied disease </li></ul><ul><li>created method to pasteurize milk </li></ul><ul><li>created first vaccine for rabies </li></ul><ul><li>created germ theory </li></ul><ul><li>co-founded the study of microbiology </li></ul><ul><li>Result: population growth </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sir William Jenner <ul><li>discovered difference between typhoid and typhus </li></ul><ul><li>helped discover a vaccine for smallpox </li></ul><ul><li>deadly disease of crowded cities is now under a little more control </li></ul><ul><li>result: population growth </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reformers <ul><li>Jane Addams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New drive for women to “help” or change society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They themselves are more educated and can assist more </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle class women now have the luxury of more time to assist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped open Hull House in Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provided education and job training to the poor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community service center became model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked for world peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won the Nobel Peace Prize </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Education <ul><li>Middle class education increased </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed workers who could read and write </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed skilled engineers, scientists, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to produce patriotic citizens; educated soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better life for children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not as common for the working class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compulsory education was for everyone for a certain amount of time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only middle class went on because lower classes needed to work for their families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some argued that certain subjects weren’t appropriate for women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People thought they didn’t need education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few colleges admitted women, anyway </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The BIGGEST new concept of Society <ul><li>Darwinism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Darwinism <ul><li>Charles Darwin - studied nature and began to see the world differently. The average man just wanted to see the pretty birds –the average man wasn’t noticing the birds constantly destroying life </li></ul><ul><li>His work finally dislodged people from the traditional notion that they possessed an exalted position as special creations in God’s image. </li></ul><ul><li>Man was just another animal. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Darwinism - still controversial today <ul><li>Charles Darwin </li></ul>Science, in essence, became a new religion Note/know the title of his work What about The subtitle? Do you think it is prejudiced?
  12. 12. Darwinism Science, in essence, became a new religion <ul><li>Drew connection to the Industrial Revolution and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>theories such as ____________ dealt with the physical evolution of the masses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>some early twentieth century giants such as _______would buy into this idea and perpetuate the concept of racial superiority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other theories of the masses such as ______________ dealt with the political evolution of the masses </li></ul></ul>Hitler Evolution Communism
  13. 13. Darwinism - Nietzsche (nee-chez) “God is dead.” He wrote Thus Spake Zarathustra . Idea of new God – a man who is a Superman. Eternal recurrence can occur now. - Neitzsche believed violence, danger, and war just as good as kindness because out of that chaos rose Superman From this you get new philosophers such as (Jim Morrison was an avid follower of Nietzsche – he read him when he was a teenager and often quoted Nietzsche.)
  14. 14. Where do you usually see these changes in mankind’s ideas of what society is and what society ought to do? The arts. Music, literature, philosophy, politics, etc.
  15. 15. Christo and his wife Jean Claude- this is art. He created large exhibits to make people think. This was in NY Central Park around 2004. This is just a side comment- you don’t have to know this for a test
  16. 16. Enlightenment’s faith in Reason Which Leads To The Romantic mov’t’s rejection of Reason and its emphasis on nature and primitive man Which Leads To The stark Realism and a deep pessimism
  17. 17. Enlightenment’s faith in Reason Which Leads To The Romantic mov’t’s rejection of Reason and its emphasis on nature and primitive man
  18. 18. Romanticism <ul><li>Artistic movement reacting against the age of reason and science </li></ul><ul><li>Intuition rather than reason as the path to truth </li></ul><ul><li>“ noble savage” = celebrate the person who denounces the poisonous influence of the Industrial Revolution (much like the political philosopher______________) </li></ul><ul><li>Value emotion above reason </li></ul><ul><li>Art for art’s sake </li></ul>See - lots of blue! It is called Cerulean blue- expensive color in paints Rousseau
  19. 19. Romantic Authors and Musicians <ul><li>William Wordsworth : poet who had works filled with a love for beauty and nature </li></ul><ul><li>THE DAFFODILS; OR, I WANDERED LONELY AS A CLOUD </li></ul><ul><li>by: William Wordsworth (1770-1850) </li></ul><ul><li>WANDERED lonely as a cloud </li></ul><ul><li>That floats on high o'er vales and hills, </li></ul><ul><li>When all at once I saw a crowd, </li></ul><ul><li>A host, of golden daffodils; </li></ul><ul><li>Beside the lake, beneath the trees, </li></ul><ul><li>Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous as the stars that shine </li></ul><ul><li>And twinkle on the milky way, </li></ul><ul><li>They stretched in never-ending line </li></ul><ul><li>Along the margin of the bay: </li></ul><ul><li>Ten thousand saw I at a glance, </li></ul><ul><li>Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. </li></ul><ul><li>The waves beside them danced; but they </li></ul><ul><li>Out-did the sparkling waves in glee </li></ul><ul><li>A poet could not but be gay, </li></ul><ul><li>In such a jocund company </li></ul><ul><li>I gazed -- and gazed -- but little thought </li></ul><ul><li>What wealth the show to me had brought: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For oft, when on my couch I lie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In vacant or in pensive mood, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They flash upon that inward eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which is the bliss of solitude; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And then my heart with pleasure fills, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And dances with the daffodils. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Romantic Musicians <ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beethoven : expressed love of nature in Pastoral Symphony ; works known for passion and powerful emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tchaikovsky : music built around stories like The Sleeping Beauty and Romeo and Juliet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to the class website to listen to each musician. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Romantic Art Francisco Goya: Saturn Eating Cronus See, rejecting reason and emphasizing the primitive nature of man
  22. 22. Enlightenment’s faith in Reason Which Leads To The Romantic mov’t’s rejection of Reason and its emphasis on nature and primitive man Which Leads To The stark Realism and a deep pessimism
  23. 23. The Romantic mov’t’s rejection of Reason and its emphasis on nature and primitive man Which Leads To The stark Realism and a deep pessimism
  24. 24. Realism 1848 <ul><li>In reaction to Romanticism REALISM was born. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection of the Scientific Age - not painting to illustrate human truths but painting only what you can see. </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t see an angel? Then don’t paint an angel! </li></ul><ul><li>In a rationalistic, scientific age there are no laws exterior to man himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost a pessimistic view </li></ul>
  25. 25. Realism <ul><li>Artistic movement dealing with everyday life and social settings </li></ul><ul><li>Dealt with social and economic themes </li></ul>Rosa Bonheur: The Horse Fair
  26. 26. Early Photography <ul><li>Started with the daguerreotype in 1839. Daquerreotype is a type of old photography. </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted life as it really is; giving rise to realism movement </li></ul><ul><li>Realism contrasted with the idealism of romantic artists </li></ul>1848 daguerreotype of Edgar Allen Poe
  27. 27. Realist Authors <ul><li>Dickens : wrote realistically about the lives of poor people in London </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oliver Twist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emila Zola : as a naturalist, he showed the unpleasant aspects of everyday life by exposing social problems of the time period </li></ul>
  28. 28. Which Leads To The stark Realism and a deep pessimism Impressionism - a softer, emotional view of man
  29. 29. Impressionism <ul><li>Impressionism : painting that evolved from the realist style that uses light and color to create vivid impressions of people and places; often depicts light at different times of the day </li></ul><ul><li>Monet and Renoir were leading painters </li></ul>
  30. 30. Impressionism Monet: Impression, Sunrise
  31. 31. More Reactions to Realism <ul><li>Postimpressionism : group of painters who moved away from realism; uses color and form to depict emotion and movement </li></ul><ul><li>Cezanne : explored forms and shapes and moved away from realistic scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Matisse and Van Gogh : emphasized color design over realism </li></ul>
  32. 32. Reactions to Realism Van Gogh: Starry Night
  33. 33. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? IMPRESSIONISM!
  34. 34. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? POST-IMPRESSIONISM!
  35. 35. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? ROMANTICISM!
  36. 36. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? IMPRESSIONISM!
  37. 37. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? REALISM!
  38. 38. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? IMPRESSIONISM!
  39. 39. Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism? POST-IMPRESSIONISM!

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