Phonology of English vowels

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Phonology of English vowels

  1. 1. Plurilingüe Quinto semestreMónica SáenzPhonology of English vowels
  2. 2.  Phonology studies the distribution andorganization of sounds in a language andthe interaction between those differentsounds. Those sounds are called phonemesand phonology is a branch of linguisticsthat studies how phonemes function in alanguage. Phoneme.- A phoneme can be defined asthe minimal significant contrastive unit inthe phonological system.
  3. 3.  Take the words PIT and BIT, they differ only intheir initial sound, PIT begins with /p/ and BITbegins with /b/. Phonemes are normally put intoslant lines / /. Pairs of words such as PIT andBIT or PIT and PUT which only have one differentphoneme are known as minimal pairs and oneway to identify the phonemes is to look forminimal pairs.Example:◦ Leave /liyv/◦ Live /lɪv/
  4. 4.  Phonetic features: Front High Tense Voiced Unrounded Simple Position initial: each medial: receive final: key Examples: leave /liyv/, beach /biytʃ/, seat /siyt/, believe /bɪliyv/
  5. 5.  Phonetic features high front lax unrounded simple voiced Position initial: if medial: sit final: sunny Examples: hit /hɪt/, lip /lɪp/ , him /hɪm/ , been /bɪn/
  6. 6.  Phonetic features mid front tense unrounded complex voiced Position initial: able medial: take final: pay Examples: aim /eym/, eight /eyt/, take /teyk/, wait /weit/
  7. 7.  Phonetic features mid front lax unrounded simple voiced Position initial: egg medial: bread final: -------- Examples: end /ɛnd/, friend /frɛnd/, get /gɛt/, guess/gɛs/
  8. 8.  Phonetic features low front unrounded lax simple voiced Position initial: apple medial: car final: -------- Examples: am /æm/, at /æt/, answer /ænsɚ/, bad /bæd/
  9. 9.  Phonetic features low central lax unrounded simple Voiced Position initial: army medial: not final: Ma Examples: ah /ɑ/, occupy /ɑkyepay/, calm /kɑm/, hot /hɑt/
  10. 10.  Phonetic features mid central lax/tense unrounded simple voiced Position initial: up medial: cut final: soda Examples: us /əs/, umpire /ʌmpayɚ/, blood /blʌd/, trouble/trʌbəl/
  11. 11.  Phonetic features high back tense unrounded simple voiced Position initial: ooze medial: ruler final: do Examples: through /θruw/, whose /huwz/, juice/dʒuws/, too /tuw/
  12. 12.  Phonetic features high back lax unrounded simple voiced Position initial: -------- medial: book final: -------- Examples: put /put/, butcher /butʃɚ/, cook /kuk/, sugar/ʃugɚ/
  13. 13.  Phonetic features mid back tense unrounded simple voiced Position: initial: own medial: boat final: no Examples: oh /ow/, open /owpən/, home /howm/, boat/bowt/
  14. 14.  Phonetic features mid back lax unrounded simple voiced Position initial: all medial: ball final: law Examples: also /ɔlsow/, halt /hɔlt/, organ /ɔrgən/, awful/ɔfəl/

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