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Jones presentation

  1. 1. ProbationThe Role in Criminal Justice<br />By: Marquita Jones <br />
  2. 2. What is Probation?<br /> Employment Probation: <br /><ul><li>A trial period during which your character and abilities are tested to see whether you are suitable for work. </li></ul>Student Probation: <br /><ul><li>A trial period in which he or she is given time to try to redeem failing grades or conduct. </li></ul>Criminal Justice Probation: <br /><ul><li>A trial period in which an offender has time to redeem themselves, a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them, or it may just be the status of a person on probation. Another definition of probation is the act of suspending the sentence of a person convicted of a criminal offense and granting that person provisional freedom on the promise of good behavior. </li></li></ul><li>History of Probation <br /><ul><li>John Augustus, a Boston boot maker, is credited as the “Father of Probation.”
  3. 3. Started in 1841, when Augustus persuaded a judge in the Boston Police Court to release a convicted offender into his custody for a brief period to help the man to appear rehabilitated by the time of sentencing rather than sending him to prison.
  4. 4. Augustus, the first unofficial probation officer, did not perform his altruistic duties without controversy. His efforts actually were resisted by police, court clerks, and turnkeys who were paid only when offenders were incarcerated.</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Began as a humanitarian effort to allow first-time and minor offenders a second chance.
  5. 5. Early probationers were expected not only to obey the law but also to behave in a morally acceptable fashion.
  6. 6. Sought to provide moral leadership to help shape probationers’ attitudes and behavior.
  7. 7. Aimed to ensure early probationers were given the opportunity to prove themselves and possibly even reduce their sentence. </li></li></ul><li>Probation Officer Roles of Today<br /><ul><li>Supervise case loads
  8. 8. Work with offenders or clients
  9. 9. Conduct pre-sentence investigations
  10. 10. Conduct reports on convicted criminals
  11. 11. Recommendations regarding rehabilitation.
  12. 12. Conduct interviews
  13. 13. Conduct drug tests
  14. 14. Monitor offenders</li></li></ul><li>Types of Probation<br />Informal Probation: <br /><ul><li>Court probation or unsupervised probation assigned to </li></ul>low-risk offenders. <br /> a.) Pay court costs <br /> b.) Pay fees <br /> c.) Agrees to commit no more violations.<br />Unsupervised Probation: <br /><ul><li>Does not involve direct supervision by an officer. </li></ul> a.) Complete any conditions of the order <br /> b.) Refrain unlawful behavior. <br />Supervised Probation: <br /><ul><li>Intense form of probation </li></ul>a.) Report to probation officer on a regular basis <br /> b.) Stricter requirements<br /> c.) Abide by other conditions <br /> <br />
  15. 15. Types of Probation (cont.)<br />Community Control: <br /><ul><li>Strictest form of probation</li></ul> a.) Monitored at all times <br /> b.) Abide by other conditions<br /> <br />Intensive Probation: <br /><ul><li> Very closely monitored</li></ul> a.) Violent Criminals<br /> b.) High-ranking Gang Members <br /> c.) Habitual Offenders<br /> d.) Sex Offenders <br /><ul><li> Unannounced Visits </li></ul> a.) Home <br /> b.) Workplace <br /><ul><li> Surveillance </li></ul> a.) Electronic monitoring <br /> b.) Satellite tracking.<br />
  16. 16. Types of Probation Violations<br />Failure to Appear or Report:<br /><ul><li>Adefendant/offender is does not come as scheduled to a court hearing or misses an appointment with an officer.</li></ul>Failure to Pay or Comply:<br /><ul><li>A defendant does not pay fines, fees, or restitution to the victim(s). </li></ul>Violating Rules of Probation: <br /><ul><li>Possessing drugs
  17. 17. Possessing illegal weapons
  18. 18. Under the influence of illegal drugs
  19. 19. Around people or at certain locations that are prohibited
  20. 20. Arrested while on probation</li></li></ul><li>Consequences of Violating Probation<br /><ul><li>Expansion of probation
  21. 21. Revocation of probation
  22. 22. Community service
  23. 23. Admission into a rehabilitation program
  24. 24. Counseling
  25. 25. Prison
  26. 26. Jail </li></li></ul><li>Conclusion<br />By providing essential information about the roles as a probation officer and offenders in the Criminal Justice system, it should enhance the knowledge someone may need if they are on probation, want to know about probation, or who would like to know in order to be in the criminal justice field.<br />
  27. 27. Works Cited <br /><ul><li>“History of Probation: Meet John Augustus.” New York State. Dept of Criminal Justice Services. New York State, n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2011
  28. 28. “How Many People Were On Probation in the 2000’s?” Answers Encyclopedia.HighBeamResearch, Inc. 2011. Web.
  29. 29. “Probation.” The Free Dictionary by Farlex. 2011. Web
  30. 30. “Probation.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 9 Feb. 2011 Web. 10 Feb. 2011.</li>