Mba 2nd sem report - smart mobile phone operating system
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 1Contents An Introduction History of mobile operating systems Latest mobile operating systemsAndroidiOS (Apple)Windows for mobileBlackBerry OSBada (Samsung)Symbian (Nokia) Market comparison for the operating systems Issues relating to the smart mobile phone operating systems Conclusion Reference
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 2IntroductionIn present scenario mobile is an important and useful thing in day to day life. This is the era of thesmart-phones and plethora of applications available for a particular smart phone. This is not the day when phonesare used only to make and receive calls or chatting with friends via messaging. Today phones are not just a phone,these are the smart phones which have all the features to pursue a smart life in this rapidly growing age oftechnology. The people needs a technical support on every go and the smart phones provide them all theattributes like a personal computer.The heart of a mobile device is its operating system, which governs its built-in computing power as wellas applications, services like e-mail, and cellular-network features such as visual voice mail.An operating system manages the hardware and software resources of smart phones. Operating systemcreates an interface between the user and the system. Some OS platforms cover the entire range of the softwarestack. Others may only include the lower levels (typically the kernel and middleware layers) and rely on additionalsoftware platforms to provide a user interface framework. In mobile systems it increase the productivity of thephone. This kind of mobile phones in which operating systems are used are known as SMART MOBILE PHONES. Inthis category we also include PDA’s, tables etc.A Smart mobile OS reflects your lifestyle because it determines the choice of apps and phonefunctionality. In mobile phones generally Palm OS, BlackBerry, Windows for Mobile, Symbian, Android, and MAC(iPhone OS) etc. operating systems are used which frequently update with new features.Before understanding operating system we have to know some facts about smart phones.*What are the smart phones?Smart phones are usually thought of as being a mobile phone and a handheld computer combined, but that doeslittle to distinguish between the vast number of different models on the market. So, before we identify how to findthe best smart phone for you, lets start by splitting mobile phones into three categories that define what theyrecapable of: dumbphones, featurephones, and smart phones.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 3First up is the dumbphone - not a very flattering description of the technology that kick-started a globalcommunications revolution, but nonetheless fitting for phones that can do little more than make calls, send textmessages and manage your contacts.Using a mobile phone as, well, a mobile phone is more than enough for many people, but the rise of the internethas created a need for access to other kinds of communication on the move. This is where the featurephonecomes in.Although they work (and often look) just like a traditional mobile phone, large colour screens and more powerfulhardware mean that featurephones are a bit more capable than dumbphones. Most can play simple games, doubleup as a digital camera and act as a basic MP3 player, but web browsing and email are also on offer. Fewfeaturephones excel in any of these areas though, since theyre phones first and everything else second, so thoseextras are really only suited to occasional use.So, if you need all the power of an internet-connected computer in your pocket, you need a smart phone.Qwerty keyboards, fast data connections and the ability to install new applications mean that these mini marvelscan do almost anything a laptop can - albeit with a few restrictions imposed by their smaller screens.*What is mobile internet?As far as smart phones are concerned, the mobile internet isnt much different to the desktop internet.Unlike early featurephones that relied on severely limited WAP browsers for web access, modern smart phoneshave full web browsers that are every bit as capable as Internet Explorer or Firefox.Since screen sizes are closer to 4" than 14" though, browsing the web on a smart phone does involve a fewcompromises. The most obvious is that text can be too small to read until you zoom into a page, but some smartphones make this so easy that the action soon becomes second nature.The best smart phones handle email just as easily as a desktop or laptop computer, too. Almost all emailservice providers are supported, which means you can manage your messages from wherever you are.Social networking works well with smart phones too, and having access to Facebook or Twitter on ahandheld device you always carry with you makes such services all the more useful.*What are the mobile applications?
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 4Mobile applications - or apps - are no different to the applications you use on a desktop or laptopcomputer, and theyre the reason that the best touch screen phones are so powerful. Apps can turn a smartphone into a powerful handheld games console, an ebook reader, video player, sat-nav device and much morebesides - and the number of apps you can use is only limited by the storage capacity of the smart phone.Smart phone apps are downloaded from the internet using either the smart phone itself, or with acomputer for later installation via synchronisation. Theres a mix of free and paid-for apps for all smart phoneoperating systems, but its important to note that apps designed for one wont work on another.A wide selection of apps is no guarantee of quality, but it does increase the chances of finding aparticular app you want. The iPhone is the smartphone currently favoured by many app creators and the AppleApp Store has thousands to download. Other smart phones dont have anywhere near this number, so if theres aspecific type of app you know youll want, find out if its available for your chosen smartphone before buying.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 5HistoryThe first smartphone was the IBM simon; it was designed in 1992 and shown as a concept product thatyear at COMDEX, the computer industry trade show held in Las Vegas, Nevada. It was released to the public in1993 and sold by BellSouth. Besides being a mobile phone, it also contained a calendar, address book, world clock,calculator, note pad, e-mail client, the ability to send and receive faxes, and games. It had no physical buttons,instead customers used a touchscreen to select telephone numbers with a finger or create faxes and memos withan optional stylus. Text was entered with a unique on-screen "predictive" keyboard. By todays standards, theSimon would be a fairly low-end product, lacking a camera and the ability to download third-party applications.However, its feature set at the time was highly advanced.The Nokia Communicator line was the first of Nokias smartphones starting with the Nokia 9000,released in 1996. This distinctive palmtop computer style smartphone was the result of a collaborative effort ofan early successful and costly personal digital assistant (PDA) by Hewlett-Packard combined with Nokias best-selling phone around that time, and early prototype models had the two devices fixed via a hinge. TheCommunicators are characterized by a clamshell design, with a feature phone display, keyboard and userinterface on top of the phone, and a physical QWERTY keyboard, high-resolution display of at least 640×200 pixelsand PDA user interface under the flip-top. The software was based on the GEOS V3.0 operating system, featuringemail communication and text-based web browsing. In 1998, it was followed by Nokia 9110, and in 2000 by Nokia9110i, with improved web browsing capability.In 1997 the term smartphone was used for the first time when Ericsson unveiled the concept phoneGS88, the first device labelled as smartphone.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 6The Android operating system for smart phones was released in 2008 in INDIA. It is an open-sourceoperating system. Android OS backed by Google, along with major hardware and software developers (such asIntel, HTC, Motorola, Samsung, Nokia and many more). Android OS is a modified version of Linux kernel. TheAndroid SDK includes debugger, libraries, a handset emulator, documentation, sample code, and tutorials.Google’s own participation in app development for Android platform – These applications include GoogleVoice, Sky Map, Finance, Maps Editor, Places Directory for their Local Search, Google Goggles that searches byimage, Google Translate, Listen for podcasts and My Tracks.Apart from these major OSs,there are many others that share smaller markets, viz., Ubuntu, Maemo etc.The Android operating system and the smart phones that run it are seen as the main competitor to theiPhone, although nowhere near as many have been sold. The Google Nexus One is considered to be the definitiveAndroid smart phone, but the HTC Desire is just as good. Android isnt as polished as the iPhone operating system,but it looks and works in a similar way - and the number of apps is quickly growing.Current features and specifications:Handset layoutsThe platform is adaptable to larger, VGA, 2D graphics library, 3D graphics library based on OpenGLES 2.0 specifications, and traditional smartphone layouts.ConnectivityAndroid supports connectivity technologies including GSM/EDGE, IDEN, CDMA, EV-DO, UMTS, Bluetooth,Wi-Fi, LTE, NFC and WiMAX.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 7Supported applicationsNow a days android has the biggest application market. It also provide a no of applications with itshardware like text messaging, Android Push Messaging service, web browser, media player, videoplayer, third-party applications and many more.Additional hardware supportAndroid can use video/still cameras, touchscreens, GPS, accelerometers, gyroscopes, barometers,magnetometers, dedicated gaming controls, proximity and pressure sensors, thermometers,accelerated 2D bit blits (with hardware orientation, scaling, pixel format conversion) and accelerated 3Dgraphics.Multi-touchAndroid has native support for multi-touch which was initially made available in handsets such asthe HTC Hero. The feature was originally disabled at the kernel level (possibly to avoid infringing Applespatents on touch-screen technology at the time). Google has since released an update for the NexusOne and the Motorola Droid which enables multi-touch natively.MultitaskingMultitasking of applications, with unique handling of memory allocation, is available.External storageMost Android devices include microSD slot and can read microSD cards formattedwith FAT32, Ext3fs or Ext4fs file system. To allow use of high-capacity storage media.Android in a nutshellGoogles mobile operating systemForm factor: Available on all carriers, all shapes, all sizesAll capabilities: Range from budget to super premiumNot all Android phones are created equal in capability: some have excellent cameras, screens, etc. Some dont.Easiest compatibility with Google services, Google Music, other Android devicesInterface: Varies by manufacturers, has a small learning curve for some featuresKey features: Free voice navigation with turn-by-turn directions, very customizable, voice actionsNext big phone release: Samsung Galaxy Nexus phoneNext big operating system release: Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich. Released with Galaxy Nexus,
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 8iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Originallyreleased in 2007 for the iPhone and iTouch pad, it has since been extended to support other Apple devices such asthe ipad and Apple TV. Unlike Windows CE (Mobile and Phone) and Android, Apple does not license iOS forinstallation on non-Apple hardware.The user interface of iOS is based on the concept of direct manipulation, using multi-touch gestures.Interface control elements consist of sliders, switches, and buttons. The response to user input is immediate andprovides a fluid interface. Interaction with the OS includes gestures such as swipe, tap, pinch, and reverse pinch,all of which have specific definitions within the context of the iOS operating system and its multi-touch interface.Internal accelerometers are used by some applications to respond to shaking the device or rotating it in threedimensions. iOS is derived from Mac OS X, with which it shares the Darwin foundation, and is thereforea Unix operating system.In iOS, there are four abstraction layers: the Core OS layer, the Core Services layer, the Media layer,and the Cocoa Touch layer.Features & Specifications:Home screenThe home screen also known as "SpringBoard", displays application icons and a dock at the bottom ofthe screen where users can pin their most frequently used apps. The home screen appears wheneverthe user switches on the device or presses the "Home" button.Folder SystemWith iOS 4 came the introduction of a simple folder system. A title for the folder is automaticallyselected by the type of applications inside, but the name can also be edited by the user.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 9Notification CenterIn the iOS 5, the notifications collate in a window which can be dragged down from the top of the screen.If a user touches a received notification, he/she will go to the application that sent the notification.Included applicationsThe iOS home screen contains these default "apps". All of the utilities, such as voice memos, clock,calculator, and compass are in one folder called "Utilities". Many of the included applications aredesigned to share data. The iPod touch retains the same applications that are present by default on theiPhone, with the exception of the Phone, Messages, Compass and Camera apps.MultitaskingiOs supports multitasking through seven background applications i.e. Background audio, Voice over IP,Background location, Push notifications, Local notifications, Task completion & Fast app switching.Game CenterGame Center is an online multiplayer "social gaming network" released by Apple. Through this user canplay games online and can also find and invite his / her friends to join and play the games.iPhone in a nutshellRuns Apples iOS 5 operating systemAvailable on three carriers: AT&T, Verizon, SprintAvailable on three storage sizes: 16GB, 32GB, 64GBEasiest compatibility with iTunes, Apple ecosystem, and productsForm factor: One 3.5-inch screen (on the smaller size by todays standards)Interface: Approachable, but not very customizable. Some hidden featuresKey features: Excellent 8-megapixel camera, front-facing camera, colorful Siri voice assistantNext big release: iPhone 5
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 10The current version is called “Windows Mobile 6.5″ . It is based on the Windows CE 5.2 kernel, andfeatures a suite of basic applications developed using the Microsoft Windows API. It is designed to be somewhatsimilar to desktop versions of Windows, feature-wise and aesthetically. Additionally, third-party softwaredevelopment is available for Windows Mobile, and software can be purchased via the Windows Marketplace forMobile.Third-party software development is available for the Windows Phone operating system. There are severaloptions for developers to use when deploying a mobile application. This includes writing native code with VisualC++, writing Managed code that works with the .NET Compact Framework, or Server-side code that can bedeployed using Internet Explorer Mobile or a mobile client on the user’s device. The .NET Compact Framework isactually a subset of the .NET Framework and hence shares many components with software development ondesktop clients, application servers, and web servers.Windows Mobile Professional runs on ‘Windows Phones’ with touchscreensWindows Mobile Standard runs on ‘Windows Phones’ with regular screensWindows Mobile Classic which runs on ‘Windows Mobile Classic devices’Features & Specifications :ConnectivityWindows mobile phones provide connectivity with the world via WiFi, 2G & 3G network connectivity. Butwindow mobile phones does not have Bluetooth because window having a problem of generating virusesthat’s why Bluetooth connectivity avoided into window mobile phones.Sensors
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 11In window operating system powered mobile phones there are a no of sensors available. In windowphones proximity sensor, multitouch sensor, motion sensor included for batter productivity and usabilityof the mobile phones.Application supportWindow operating system market is not as large in compare to the android and iOS. But it supports onlygenuine applications from Microsoft site. There are a no. of inbuilt applications are available with thewindow phones like messenger, media player, video player, windows internet explorer web browser,camera etc.Microsoft officeMicrosoft office is one of the unique feature of windows phones. This is different from other smartphones. Windows operating system powered mobile phones are basically pocket PC, coz these have allthe facilities like a personal computer.MultitaskingAs u all knows that windows is a multitasking operating system. User can easily access more then oneapplications at a time. Unlike others window has no limitations to access applications, user can easilyaccess seven – eight applications with the smart phone at the time.Windows Phone in a nutshell:Microsofts mobile operating systemForm factor: Available on all carriers, all shapes, all sizes.AT&T has the largest and best selectionAll capabilities: Mostly midrange, solid performers. Minimum 5-megapixel cameraEasiest compatibility with Zune, Xbox Live, Microsoft services like Microsoft Office, SkyDrive online storageInterface: Very straightforward, but some hidden capabilitiesKey features: Clean interface, built-in barcode-scanning and music identification, Xbox Live integration, voiceactionsNext big phone release: Nokia Lumia 800 or similar for U.S. marketsNext big operating system release: Unknown. Version 7.5 Mango
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 12Proprietary software platform, created by Research In Motion, for BlackBerry phones.The operating system provides multitasking and supports specialized input devices that have beenadopted by RIM for use in its handhelds, particularly the trackwheel, trackball, and most recently, the trackpadand touchscreen.The BlackBerry platform is perhaps best known for its native support for corporate email, through MIDP1.0 and, more recently, a subset of MIDP 2.0, which and allows complete wireless activation and synchronizationwith Microsoft Exchange, Lotus Domino, or Novell GroupWise email, calendar, tasks, notes, and contacts, whenused in conjunction with BlackBerry Enterprise Server. The operating system also supports WAP 1.2.RIM’s BlackBerry OS has the most reliable email so BlackBerry phones are considered the best emailmachines. It supports up to 10 private or corporate email accounts and instantly pushes messages to your phonevia RIM’s efficient servers. The OS also has the app store called BlackBerry App World, a reliable browser, coolmaps app, and comprehensive media features. BlackBerry OS is menu-driven and relies on a trackball ortrackpad, but it also supports touch on devices like the Storm. The OS integrates with Facebook (photo uploads,profile pics, and more) and has an intelligent keyboard software called SureType that, RIM fans say, turns averageBlackBerry users into typing machines.Features and Specification :Attractive qwerty hardwareBlackberry widely recognize as qwerty hardware. A large range of mobile phone provided by blackberryare qwerty. These are good in looking and loaded with special features.Application support
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 13As other operating systems blackberry also have its own market for applications and at the same time italso comes with preloaded applications.BBM for blackberryRIM operating system (Blackberry Operating System) have a very unique feature that is BBM(BlackBerry Messenger). BBM create messages with fun. When BBM activated on the device it makesmessaging and chatting very easy.ConnectivityBlackBerry also known for its good connectivity supports. Every device or mobile phone contain thefeatures like wifi, Bluetooth, edge etc.StorageBlackBerry does not have an external storage support. It comes with inbuilt memory that is 8GB, 16GB,32GB & 64GB.BlackBerry Phone in a nutshell:RIM (BlackBerry) mobile operating systemForm factor: Available with qwerty and touch modelsCome out from the creativity of Research in motionsAll capabilities: mid to high range, solid performers, good camera, BBMHardware oriented operating systemInterface: Very straightforwardKey features: Clean interface, connectivity, hardwareNext big phone release: Blackberry atom ver. 3.8Next big operating system release: RIM 7.0
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 14Made Open Source by contributions from Nokia, NTT DoCoMo, Sony Ericsson and Symbian LtdSymbian has a microkernel architecture, which means that the minimum necessary is within the kernelto maximize robustness, availability and responsiveness. It contains a scheduler, memory management and devicedrivers, but other services like networking, telephony and filesystem support are placed in the OS Services Layeror the Base Services Layer. The inclusion of device drivers means the kernel is not a true microkernel. The EKA2real-time kernel, which has been termed a nanokernel, contains only the most basic primitives and requires anextended kernel to implement any other abstractions. The operating system consists of the kernel andmiddleware components of the software stack. The upper layers are supplied by application platforms like S60,UIQ, and MOAP.Symbian, which powers most of Nokia’s phones, has been shipped in more than 330 million devicesworldwide. But in the last few years, Symbian has seen more than its fair share of changes. In 2008, Nokia, one ofSymbian’s largest customers, acquired a major share in the company. Nokia then created the Symbian Foundationto distribute the platform as an open source project, and began the process of opening up the source code thatyear.Symbian’s move to open source has been completed four months ahead of schedule and it offers mobiledevelopers new ways to innovate, says Williams. Any individual or organization can now take, use and modify theSymbian code for any device, from mobile phone to a tablet.Features & Specification :ConnectivitySymbian supports connectivity technologies including GSM/EDGE, IDEN, CDMA, EV-DO, UMTS, Bluetooth,and Wi-Fi,StorageSome of symbian operating system powered nokia mobile phones does not have an external storagesupport. It comes with inbuilt memory that is 8GB, 16GB, 32GB & 64GB. But as symbian moving to theother company devices it comes with the facility of external memory card slot.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 15ApplicationsSymbian providing a big application market for its powered mobile operating systems and like othersmart phones these phones also contain some of preloaded applications like messengers, webbrowsers, media players etc.SensorsNokia providing a no. of sensors in its smart phones which are powered by symbian mobile operatingsystems. These sensors are proximity sensor, touch sensor, motion sensor and many more.Symbian in nutshell :Firstly Nokia’s mobile operating system but now moving to other mobile phones like sony ericsson, HTC etc.Form factor: Available on all carriers, all shapes, all sizesCapability: excellent cameras, screens, etc. Some dont.Easiest compatibility with Google services, Google Music otherAll capabilities: Range from budget to premiumInterface: Varies by manufacturers, has a small learning curve for some featuresNext big phone release: Sony Ericssion Ace 4Next big operating system release
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 16Developed by Samsung Electronics.The Bada operating system has a kernel configurable architecture, which allows the use of either theLinux kernel, or another Real-time operating system (RTOS) kernel. The Linux kernel is the preferred choice forsmartphones, while RTOS is used for cheaper feature-phones, due to its smaller memory footprint.It has a web browser based on the open-source WebKit, and also features Adobe Flash. Both WebKit andFlash can be embedded inside native Bada applications. Bada offers interactive mapping with Point of interest(POI) features, which can also be embedded inside native applications.Bada supports various sensors, such as motion sensing, vibration control, face detection,accelerometer, magnetometer, tilt, and GPS, which can be incorporated into applications. Native applications aredeveloped in C++ with the Bada SDK, and the Eclipse based IDE. Bada can also run Java ME applications (MIDPprofile).Bada powered mobile operating systems comes with a large display and high screen resolution thatmake the series of these type of mobiles very popular.Features & Specifications :HardwareBada is an operating system which is owned by Samsung and it contain a wide verity of smart phoneslike Wave series. These comes in full touch screen facility and attractive designe.ConnectivityBada mobile phone operating system provides WiFi, Bluetooth, Edge and JAVA support for batterconnectivity. Bada also make available its updates that keep user’s smart phone smart.Applications
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 17Samsung provide a market named samsung app that have a no. of applications support to the badaoperating system and the phones also comes with a large no. of applications supported to the particularcell phone.StorageAll the smartphones which are powered by Bada have the facility of attaching external card slot.Features & specification :Developed by Samsung electronicsForm factor: Available on all carriers, all shapes, all sizesCapability: excellent cameras, screens, etc. Some dont.Easiest compatibility with Google servicesAll capabilities: Range from budget to super premiumInterface: Varies by manufacturers, has a small learning curve for some featuresNext big phone release: Wave 4Next big operating system release: bada 3.4
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 18Market comparison for operating systemsAs every one knows that mobile industry is rising day by day and competition is increasing continuously.So every company trying to occupy more and more market share for gaining a profit. In this race the best ratedoperating systems gaining a good profit because of their services.Market comparison for the smart mobile phone operating systems can be divided into two part – firstone is market share of sales and second one is market share of its popularity on the basis of its applications andaccessories.Market share relating to the sales of mobile operating systems :Here we have the data of sales for past four years.YearAndroid(Google)Blackberry(RIM)IPhone(Apple)badaSymbian(Nokia)Windows Mobile/Phone(Microsoft)2007 11.77 3.3 77.68 14.72008 23.15 11.42 11.26 72.93 16.52009 6.8 34.35 24.89 8.13 80.88 15.032010 67.22 47.45 46.6 11.76 111.58 12.38As the data shown that how much the market is increasing day by day. The data are showing thatsymbian was leading the market till 2010 but resent data says that iOS is the leading operating system in today’smarket.Graphically these data are shown below :
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 19These data are of February 2011These data are of February 2012
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 20Market share of applications associated with these operating systems
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 21ConclusionAccording to the study in respect of smart mobile phone operating systems and the comparison thereon, the conclusion is stated below-Firstly user goes on the attractive looks of device and most of the users prefer android smart phonesbecause these phones are available with high resolution touch screen display, good speakers, music and videoplayers, games and many other applications. These smart phones having excellent cameras.As per as the processor gives the speed to smart mobile phones, iOS (apple) comes at first, followed byandroid, blackberry, symbian, windows for mobile and bada.Study focuses a shiny light on the connectivity of the smart mobile phones. Now a day user prefer thesmart phones loaded with WiFi facility, Bluetooth connectivity, edge and many more connectivity features that’swhy user goes to iOS or blackberry followed by android, symbian, bada and windows mobiles.As the study concluded that the iOS that is designed for apple hardware comes into the super premiumrange, windows, blackberry, symban, bada and android comes into affordable to super premium range. Androidmake the user to choose its own choice from a wide range of smart handsets from affordable to super premiumrange.
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 22Issues relating to the smart mobilephone operating systemsAs we all knows that every technology have some of the drawbacks and issuesrelating with it. Same as here is also some issues associated with this smart mobilephones operating systems. These issues are as follows.SecurityMobile phone operating systems are not as secure so that every user trustedon smart phones.PrivacySome of the operating systems not provide the privacy relating to the datathat may be ofAffordability
CIITM/MBA/HR Page 23Submitted By :Meenakshi JangidMBA II sem.Compucome Institute of information Technology& ManagemenetSubmitted To :Jasmeet SighSMART MOBILE PHONEOPERATING SYSTEMS