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carbon compound

carbon compound

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carbon compound carbon compound Presentation Transcript

  • CARBON COMPOUND Organic compounds Inorganic compounds Hydrocarbons Non Hydrocarbons Alcohol Saturated Hydrocarbons Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Carboxylic acids Ester Fats Polymer Natural rubber Vulcanised rubber
  • CO2 + H2O C + CO + H2O Sufficient Insufficient Oxygen Oxygen Combustion ( CnH2n+2 ) H YDR OGE NA ALKANE TI O N Ethane Chemical Reaction CH3CH3 H2 / Ni,1 Making ethanol by Fermentation process HYDRATION ALKENE 80° c ( CnH2n ) H2O,300°C,60atm,H3PO4 ( Catalytic Hydration ) Ethene ALCOHOL Ethanol DEHYDRATION CH2= CH2 Ch re emi ac ca tio l n Addition CH3CH2OH Cold acidified Chlorination dilute KMnO4 Chloromethane ethanadiol ESTERIFICATION OXYDATION CARBOXYLIC ACID Ethanoic acid H2O(g) C2H4 ethene HBr C + CO + H2O CH3COOH Un Complete combustion Limited O2 Br2 OXYDATION Refluxing ethanol with an oxidising agent acidified K2Cr2O7 / KMnO4 solution Dichloromethane Trichloromethane Addition hydrogen halides Reaction between molecule of carboxylic acid and molecules of alcohol in a present of concentrated H2SO4 ( CnH2n+1COOH ) CO2 + H2O Addition of hydroxyl group ESTER CH3COOC2H5 Excess, O2 of water Halogenation ( Methane) CH4 ( CnH2n+1COOCmH2m+1 ) Ethyl ethanoate Ethanol vapour is passed over a heated catalyst (porcelain chips,porous pot or Al2O3 Substitution Tetrachloromethane ( CnH2n+1OH ) ESTERIFICATION 1,2-dibromoethane Addition halogen