Urban Housing Problem In Bhutan

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Peldon

Peldon

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  • 1. URBAN HOUSING PROBLEM IN BHUTAN Presented By: Peldon
  • 2. Urbanization – definition
    • Urbanization is the physical growth of urban areas from rural areas as a result of population immigration to an existing urban area.
  • 3. Rapid Urbanization and Land requirement
    • 30% of population live in urban areas
    • 50% would live in urban areas by 2020 according to Bhutan 2020 report
    • 73% urbanization level in 2020
    • At present urban population density, by 2020, 17,000 Ha of additional land required to meet the demand. i.e. 27% of entire arable land
  • 4. Rapid Urbanization (effects)
    • Pressure on land resource, particularly agricultural land for conversion
    • Land sustainability?
    • Adequate funding resource
    • Urban governance and management?
    • Housing problems
    • Poor infrastructure
  • 5. Rapid Urbanization contd..
    • Poor sanitation
    • Urban poverty, unemployment
    • Youth related issues
  • 6. Urbanization Trends Year 1969
  • 7. Urbanization Trends cont… Year 2000
  • 8. Housing scenarios in urban areas
    • Concept of housing not clear; not professional training
    • Inadequate basic infrastructure
    • Single storey houses
  • 9. Causes of housing problems
    • Vacant plots
    • Poor planning
    • Soaring rents
    • No funds for housing in 10 th FYP
    • Town planning started only in 1970s with no qualified persons in the field
  • 10. Reasons for housing problem
    • No specific agency to address the housing problem and to monitor and control the rent.
    • Inadequate provision of both government and private sector house.
    • High cost of urban land and construction
  • 11. Reasons for housing problem contd..
    • making private housing inaccessible to the low and middle income groups.
    • Lack of private sector involvement and participation.
    • Lack of stable, sustainable and viable long and medium term home financing.
  • 12. Conclusion
    • Housing problem inevitable
    • Greater demands on the professional actors involved
    • Global Plan of Action adopted by Bhutan promotes partnership and capacity building
  • 13. THANKS