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  • Neus Lorenzo < >
  • Study Visit

    1. 1. Catalan Educational System and Linguistic Situation <ul><li>Subdirecció General de Llengua i Entorn </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education of Catalonia </li></ul><ul><li>Neus Lorenzo <> </li></ul>
    2. 2. The area of Catalonia: 32.000 km ²
    3. 3. Catalan language in the European context
    4. 4. Catalan language <ul><li>10 milion speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Identity vs. Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingualism, Plurilingualism </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural dialogue </li></ul>
    5. 5. Language and Social Cohesion Plan Leisure education Environmental education Health education Road education Intercultural education Information competence Scientific education Audiovisual education Artistic education Professional competence Emotional education Mthematical competence Technological competence Citizenship education Linguistic competence
    6. 6. <ul><li>Types of schools: State’s schools (Public) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant-aided private schools (Subvention) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent private schools (Private) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Administrative Framework <ul><li>Population: </li></ul><ul><li>7.134.206 inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>15.96% of the Spanish population </li></ul><ul><li>946 municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>41 comarques or regions </li></ul><ul><li>4 provinces : Girona, Lleida, Tarragona and Barcelona </li></ul>
    8. 8. Number of pupils: 1.076.576 (2006)
    9. 9. Number of Teachers: 90.373 (2006)
    10. 10. Educational Levels University IES CEIP Llar Nursery 0-3 years old Pre-school 3-6 years old Primary 6-12 years old Secondary 12-16 years old Lifelong Learning +18…. years old Post Secondary 16-18 years old University Professional training +18... years old
    11. 11. Social context: Who are we? The question of identity changes focus: from belonging to becoming… TRADITIONAL IDENTITY: ...rooted to the land, linked to our food style, proud of our traditions, connected to our landmarks, identified by our language...... emigration immigration globalization MODERN IDENTITY: ... open-minded, internationally oriented, cosmopolitan, intercultural, creative and innovative...
    12. 12. Educational context : Postwar language policy at chool PAST: Immigration 1960’s 1970’s SPANISH School subject Latin Greek French CATALAN School subject ENGLISH FRENCH, GERM. ITAL. CATALAN SPANISH Calo (Roman) Bilingual society Monolingual school 1979 Estatut d’Autonomia 1983 & 1998 Lleis de Normalització Lingüística Llei de Política Lingüística Bilingual school Bilingual society Debate Democracy
    13. 13. Two societies ? One society? Looking for an educational system 1970’s & 1980’s: Debate on family language
    14. 14. Immigrant students in Catalonia 148.525 93.831 106.746 121.622 133.000 23.778 34.797 51.926 74.491 19.793 16.921 9.868 0.81% 13.65% 10.05% 7.65% 5.04% 9.03% From: Servei d’Immersoó i Ús de la llengua, 200
    15. 15. Data of students newly arriving in Catalonia, ordered by originating country From: Servei d’Immersoó i Ús de la llengua, 2008
    16. 16. Nowadays language policy at chool PRESENT: Immigration 2000’s - 2010’s Bilingual school Extra curricular LANGUAGES Bilingual society SPANISH CATALAN School subject ENGLISH FRENCH. GERM. ITAL. CATALAN SPANISH Calo (Roman) Plurilingual society Debate
    17. 17. know how & resources? sensitivity & complicities Looking for balance and sustainability
    18. 18. IDENTITY BUILDING Family School Friends Work Society Media Environment Family L. Environmental L. School L. Professional L. International L.
    19. 19. The Plurilingual Project : common aims and shared challenges in Europe <ul><li>Identity building </li></ul><ul><li>-Accepting diversity </li></ul><ul><li>and cultural differece </li></ul><ul><li>as collective richness </li></ul><ul><li>and shared opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Community building </li></ul><ul><li>-Facing immigration and growth with social cohesion and active citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge building </li></ul><ul><li>-Developing skills for lifelong learning in a global context, and acquiring key competencies relevant to the labour market. </li></ul>Adapted from: Leonard Orban, Commissionate for Multilingual Portfolio, EU international complicities
    20. 20. Becoming active citizens in a Common core (sharing) State Legislation Belonging to Private spaces (keeping) Cultural singularities Dynamic Educational Model Managing diversity for social cohesion
    21. 21. Use of language in family relationships and in the community 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Family 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Friends 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Neighbours 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Work mates 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 School mates More Spanish than Catalan Only Catalan More Catalan than Spanish Both Only Spanish Other
    22. 22. Formal, non-formal and informal spaces
    23. 23. Languages in the Catalan System of Education Community language Catalan / Occitan Curricular languages Catalan / Occitan Spanish English French German Italian Complementary languages Galician Arabian Chinese Amazig Ukrainian Neerlandic Rumanian
    24. 24. Resource: Adaptat ed from Servei de Cohesió Social, SGLiC, departament d’educació Intervention fields Contextual Community Plan Educational activities at school Welcoming class
    25. 25. Social commitment : participation Municipal Educational Project Experimental FLT CLIL Project Lingüistic Project School Strategic Plan Catalan Immersion Plan Schools, headmasters and teachers Municipal Authorities Unions Students, Families Inspection of education Unversities Research Goups Parents Associations
    26. 26. PISA Results 2005 Context Socioeconòmic dels centres: segons ingresos familiars Resultats de Matemàtiques (PISA) Més afavorit Menys favorit Proposta: Millora de resultats educatius Germany OECD average Finland Sweden Australia Spain
    27. 27. (PISA results related to immigrant students) Changes between first and second generation <ul><li>,2350,en_32252351_32235731_1_119669_1_1_1,00.html </li></ul><ul><li>,2966,en_32252351_32235907_1_1_1_1_1,00.html </li></ul>Stable results Positive results Negative results
    28. 28. Results & social discrimination - dif. income - dif. resultats - dif. income + dif. resultats + dif. income - dif. resultats + dif. income + dif. Resultats equity compensació elitisme unequity Middle zone
    29. 29. Language and social cohesion plan “ Making school an open learning environment to prevent and combat early school leavers and disaffection among young people and promote their social inclusion”, European Union Council Resolution of 25 November 2003 <ul><li>Networking: Promote and support synergies and common actions among schools and other local interlocutors (Civic centre, town council, ONG, workshops for parents…) </li></ul><ul><li>Authonomy: Promote and support school projects and initiatives that favour social commitment for compromise culture among young people. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers Training: Support the educative staff training in order to complement formal and non-formal learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Community: Foster family participation in school life. </li></ul>
    30. 30. Thank you for your attention… And enjoy your visit! Neus Lorenzo <>
    31. 31. Catalan Educational System and Linguistic Situation <ul><li>Subdirecció General de Llengua i Entorn </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education of Catalonia </li></ul>