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    1. 1. Prof. Burks Oakley II Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs Director, University of Illinois Online Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois January 2006 The What, Why, and How of Wikis
    2. 2. What is a Wiki? <ul><li>Essentially a dynamic, collectively authored set of web pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Invented in 1995 by Ward Cunningham to facilitate online collaboration about programming and design best practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Evolved by the early 2000’s into a way to facilitate all kinds of online collaboration. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Wiki – Wikipedia Definition <ul><li>A wiki (according to Ward Cunningham) is a type of website that allows users to add and edit content and is especially suited for constructive collaborative authoring. </li></ul><ul><li>In essence, a wiki is a simplification of the process of creating HTML pages combined with a system that records each individual change that occurs over time, so that at any time, a page can be reverted to any of its previous states. </li></ul>http:// /wiki/Wiki
    4. 4.
    5. 8. How the Wiki Got Its Name <ul><li>Wiki is the Hawaiian word meaning “quick”, “fast”, or “to hasten”. </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki-Wiki is the name of the bus line in the Honolulu International Airport. </li></ul>Ward Cunningham ca. 2004
    6. 9. How the Wiki Got Its Name
    7. 10. How the Wiki Got Its Name “Wiki-wiki to the beach.” - Elvis Presley (as Chad Gates) in the movie Blue Hawaii (1961). The line was said with a snap of the fingers.
    8. 11. More about Wikis <ul><li>Wiki (according to UIC Prof. Steve Jones) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>W eb-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I nteractive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>K ollaborative (collaborative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I terative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wiki is sometimes interpreted as the backronym for “What I Know Is”, which describes the knowledge contribution, storage and exchange function. </li></ul>
    9. 12. What Can You Do With a Wiki? <ul><li>Easily create and edit web pages, including styled text, hyperlinks, pictures, audio, video, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy for a group to collaborate on creating online documents </li></ul>
    10. 13. Obstacles to Adoption <ul><li>Wikis are usually open to anyone, and “if anyone can edit my text, anyone can ruin my text” (not so, since changes are logged, authors are notified, pages are easily restored – no challenge to hackers). </li></ul><ul><li>Authority is unclear – who “owns” a collaborative document? </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki openness is at odds with typical work habits </li></ul>
    11. 14. Wikipedia <ul><li>Wikipedia – “A multilingual, Web-based,  free-content encyclopedia written collaboratively by volunteers …(with) editions in over 180 languages. According to Hitwise, an online measurement company, Wikipedia is the most popular reference site on the Internet.” </li></ul>http:// /
    12. 15. Collaborative Authoring <ul><li>Esquire article about Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Written collaboratively using Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>The article was edited 224 times in the first 24 hours after it was first posted, and another 149 times in the next 24 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>The final draft, which was locked on Sept. 23 to protect it from further edits, reflects the efforts of the many users who worked on it. </li></ul>
    13. 16. Jon Udell Screencast <ul><li>Heavy Metal Umlaut in Wikipedia (ö, ü) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The 8.5-minute screencast turns the change history of this Wiki page into a movie, scrolls forward and backward along the timeline of the document, and follows the development of several motifs.” </li></ul> http://
    14. 17. Wikipedia vs. Britannica <ul><li>AP article on CNN website </li></ul>
    15. 18. Things You Can Do With RSS <ul><li>News syndication </li></ul><ul><li>Search for information via RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate your feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Display news on your website </li></ul><ul><li>Display news on your mobile device </li></ul><ul><li>Collect all your email in RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Get RSS content through your email </li></ul><ul><li>Track Fedex packages </li></ul><ul><li>discount air fares </li></ul><ul><li>Bargains at Ebay </li></ul><ul><li>Get stock updates </li></ul><ul><li>Get the weather reports </li></ul><ul><li>What people are saying about you, your company, your products </li></ul><ul><li>Music, radio shows, TV clips </li></ul><ul><li>Stay updated on someone's schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Get cinema schedule updates </li></ul><ul><li>Read your favourite comics </li></ul><ul><li>What other people are surfing </li></ul><ul><li>Automatically backup your weblog posts </li></ul><ul><li>Get software updates </li></ul><ul><li>Get the latest bittorrent files and p*** </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping deals at and others </li></ul><ul><li>What your friends and family would like for Christmas </li></ul><ul><li>Be notified of traffic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Be notified of updates in police and fire department logs </li></ul><ul><li>Web metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Virus and security alerts </li></ul><ul><li>Events and happenings in your city </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Search for jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Easing government bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Create your own news aggregator page </li></ul><ul><li>Keep track of your notes </li></ul><ul><li>Find recent photos taken near you </li></ul><ul><li>Build maps </li></ul><ul><li>Make Tag Clouds </li></ul><ul><li>All those sites without RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Become a comment blogger </li></ul><ul><li>Patent Searching </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your acquaintances updated with your latest contact details </li></ul><ul><li>Ditch Your Girlfriend </li></ul><ul><li>Print Your Feeds </li></ul> wiki /doku.php?id=lists:thingsyoucandowithrss
    16. 19. More Uses for a Wiki <ul><li>Use a wiki for your family’s holiday lists </li></ul><ul><li>“ Instead of sending around 83,259,325 emails to see what your family wants for Christmas, use a wiki instead. Everyone can put what they want and see what other people want. Set one up at http:// (takes 10 seconds) and even Grandma will be able to use it. We promise.” </li></ul>
    17. 20.
    18. 21. More Uses for a Wiki <ul><li>100 things to do before you die </li></ul><ul><li>The world’s largest “How-To” manual – wikiHow </li></ul><ul><li>Things to do in Seattle </li></ul><ul><li>World-wide travel guide – </li></ul><ul><li>Everything you want to know about VoIP </li></ul><ul><li>All about the flu – Flu Wiki </li></ul>
    19. 22. Business/Customers <ul><li>Apple iPod Nano </li></ul>
    20. 23. Business/Productivity <ul><li>Michelin China </li></ul>
    21. 24. Wikis – Great Resource <ul><li>Seven Things You Should Know About … Wikis – from EDUCAUSE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is doing it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is it significant? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the downsides? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is it going? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the implications for teaching and learning? </li></ul></ul>
    22. 25. Wiki Adoption in Higher Education <ul><li>Why use wikis in higher education? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progressive knowledge building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages student-faculty interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based – anytime, any place access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software is incredibly easy to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the evolution of thoughts and ideas. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 26. Higher Education <ul><li>Romantic Audience Project at Bowdoin College – Chronicle article </li></ul>
    24. 27. Higher Education <ul><li>Romantic Audience Project </li></ul>
    25. 28. Institutional Wikis <ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
    26. 29. MIT IST – Use of a Wiki <ul><li>Track presentations and publications </li></ul>
    27. 30. UMBC – Biology Group Wiki <ul><li>Group wiki assignment </li></ul>
    28. 31. Examples of Wiki Usage <ul><li>Example uses in higher education </li></ul>
    29. 32. The Future of Wikis <ul><li>Working in teams is increasingly common in many fields </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge management is increasingly useful </li></ul><ul><li>Education benefits from collaboration and interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki tools are being planned for word processors, and even for operating systems </li></ul>
    30. 33. Free Hosting of Wikis <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>free-wiki- </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    31. 34.
    32. 35.
    33. 36. An (Optional) Assignment <ul><li>Create your own wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign-up for a free account at http:// / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edit the IEEE EdSoc demo wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li> / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add a new page in the wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell us about yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add comments or questions about the IEEE Distinguished Lecture Series </li></ul></ul>
    34. 37. Burks Oakley II web: http:// / e-mail: [email_address] The What, Why, and How of Wikis Submit questions to Rob Reilly: [email_address] This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution – NonCommercial - ShareAlike 2.5 License .