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Latin America Independence


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Notes on Toussaint L'overture, Simon Bolivar, and Miguel Hidalgo

Notes on Toussaint L'overture, Simon Bolivar, and Miguel Hidalgo

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  • 1. Latin America Independence
  • 2. Toussaint L’ Overture • Born Nov. 1 1743 in what is now Haiti • Born into slavery • Allowed to learn to read and write • Raised Roman Catholic • Worked as a house servant • Gained his freedom by age 33
  • 3. Toussaint L’ Overture • Slave revolt on October 30, 1771 • Acted as the doctor for the slave army • Feb. 4 1794 was named Commander in Chief of the French colony by Napoleon
  • 4. Toussaint L’ Overture • Instituted social reforms • Built roads, schools, hospitals By : M Erikson , and government buildings • Enhanced agriculture • Rebuilt the armed forces By: treesftf
  • 5. Toussaint L’ Overture • Wrote a constitution that gave all citizens equal rights By: kretyen • Appointed himself governor for life • Able to pick his successor By: One Laptop per Child
  • 6. Toussaint L’ Overture • January 1802 – Napoleon sent 20,000 troops to arrest L’Overture • L’Overture is tied up and sent France and thrown in a dungeon where he dies soon after
  • 7. Simon Bolivar The Liberator
  • 8. Simon Bolivar • Born July 24, 1743 in Caracus, Venezuela • Family was very wealthy • Received an excellent education in Spain • Returned to Venezuela in 1807
  • 9. Simon Bolivar • Napoleon installed his brother as King of Spain in 1808 • This led to resistance movements in South America • Venezuela declared its independence from Spain in 1810
  • 10. Simon Bolivar • August 6, 1813 Bolivar led a military campaign from what is now Columbia to take control of Caracus, Venezuela and establish the independent country of Venezuela
  • 11. Simon Bolivar • In 1817, with the help from Haitian troops Bolivar took the capital of what is now Columbia • Sept. 7 1821, the Federation of Gran Columbia was created • Venezuela, Columbia, Ec uador, and Panama were created from this area
  • 12. Simon Bolivar • Bolivar continued to work to liberate other areas of South America • Feb. 10, 1824 the Peruvian congress named him dictator of Peru
  • 13. Simon Bolivar • August 6, 1825 - the Republic of Bolivia was created in honor of Bolivar • August 27, 1828 - Bolivar declared himself dictator of Gran Columbia which was made up of Columbia, Venezuela, P eru, Bolivia, and Ecuador
  • 14. Simon Bolivar • Uprisings in many parts of Gran Columbia led to an assassination attempt on Sept. 25 1828 • Bolivar resigned as dictator and planned to move to Europe • Bolivar died after a long bout with tuberculosis on Dec. 18, 1830
  • 15. Miguel Hidalgo Leader of Mexican Independence
  • 16. Miguel Hidalgo • Born May 8, 1753 • Catholic priest in the town of Delores in New Spain • Midnight Sept. 10, 1810 – Father Miguel Hidalgo rang the church bell and gave a speech calling for the death of all Spaniards
  • 17. Miguel Hidalgo • Father Hidalgo raised armies of free Mexicans and swept through parts of Mexico and killed many Spaniards • Father Hidalgo was excommunicated from the Catholic Church for his actions
  • 18. Miguel Hidalgo • Was captured royalist forces after a battle • Was defrocked and executed by firing squad on July 30, 1811