Close ReadingImagery and other Figurative Language
Learning Objectives Know what figurative and literal language looks like To be able to identify the different types of imagery Be able to deconstruct images and explain what is being compared to what To know how to tackle these types of question
Literal or Figurative? Complete Starter Activity in NQ on literal and figurative language. Make notes about each term, and include an example.
Types of imagery Simile Metaphor and extended metaphor personification
Identify the type of imagery used “The broad stream in his banks complaining…” from Tennyson’s Lady of Shalott “It was as though the note of the fiddle touched some sub- conscious nerve that had to be answered- like a baby’s cry”. From Laurie Lee’s As I Walked Out One Midsummer Morning “Europe is an express train heading for monetary union. But a train can come off the rails. Last week we were urged to take our seats in the dining-car. We should have been just in time for the signalman’s errors in France and Germany. The row on the footplate was set off by the German finance minister…”
How to tackle imagery questions Ask yourself: What is being compared to what? In what respects are the two similar? What does the comparison suggest?
How to Answer an Imagery Question Quote Identify Job /root: the root of the image- what is being compared to what? Show understanding of the things compared by explaining using your own words. Explain / effect: what does the comparison suggest or imply? Why has the writer used it?
Try this… …… is compared to …..(use your own words for each part of the comparison) This suggests that….. is……. because…
Model Answer In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo compares Juliet to the sun: “It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.” Juliet, the girl, is compared to the sun. The sun is what brings daylight and life to the world, and it shines brighter than the moon. This suggests that Juliet is very different and much more beautiful than all the other girls, and that she has made Romeo’s world a better place.
Other Types of Figurative Language Sound: Onomatopoeia, alliteration, assonance Hyperbole Understatement EuphemismMake notes from P44-45 about what each of these are.