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  • 1. Pomo theorist: Focault Objective: -to be able to understand Focault’s theory Outcome: -be able to apply his theory to media ‘texts’
  • 2. Starter 1 • A) 3 prison officers, 5 prisoners – Officers in centre – Prisoners around them • B) 3 prison officers, 5 prisoners – Officers in classroom – Prisoners in small room (cell)
  • 3. Starter 1 - Questions • Scene A – – – – How did you feel? Why did you feel that way? How did you behave? Why do you think you behaved that way? • Scene B – – – – How did you feel? Why did you feel that way? How did you behave? Why do you think you behaved that way? • The difference? – How do did you behave differently from scene a to b? – Why do you think you behaved differently?
  • 4. Starter 2 • Imagine your ‘best’ Facebook profile picture – Does it actually look like the ‘real’ you? – How did you make yourself look ideal? – Why did you make yourself look ideal? – Why do you think the idea of an audience looking at this picture/profile changes you and your behaviour? – What is the ‘effect’ of ‘idealising’ yourself online?
  • 5. Key terms • Pan = ? • Optic = ? • Voyeurism = ?
  • 6. Key terms • Pan = sweeping movement to reveal more (broad view or broad in scope) • Optic = using sight • Voyeurism = the act of watching
  • 7. Key Terms • Panopticon = circular prison well cells around outside with central surveillance station • Panoptic/Panoptical = including everything visible in 1 view
  • 8. Panopticon – the prison • The Panopiticon was an innovate prison design by English philosopher Jeremy Bentham in 1785. In it he designed a prison in which all inmates could be constantly watched or be under the threat of being watched.
  • 9. Michel Foucault (1926-1984) • Foucault's ideas centred on History, particularly around how we know about the world around us and each other. He wrote extensively on the history of sexuality and gender and was a pioneer of "Queer Theory" he main contributions include. • Panopticalisation • Knowledge and Power • He died from an AID's related illness in 1984
  • 10. Focault – main points • Foucault's ideas explain why we are so obsessed with Voyeurism in Postmodernity. • Foucault thought that ‘the panopticon’ was interesting and started to apply the idea to Society • Foucault suggested that the act of watching (voyeurism) was an act of power and control on part of the viewer. We are never ourselves in social situations until we are alone away from others controlling sight. • Because of this people act differently and the act of watching becomes an act of control. • Recently Foucault's ideas have been used to understand Reality TV and the Media.
  • 11. Task Group 1 Catfish Marisha Jodie Laura Group 2 Group 3 Reality TV: big brother/ I’m a celeb, get me out of here! Social Networking: Facebook, twitter etc Chelsea Pam Russ Abigail Rosie
  • 12. Task • To what extent are these texts ‘Panopticon’s? • How does the feeling change for the audience vs. the people being watched? • Are the people in the texts (contestants/people’s profile) real or hyperreal? How? Why? • How does it feel watching these texts? • The audience are voyeurs; are they dependant on observing others? Why? • How is the audience ‘in control’ while watching/observing these texts?
  • 13. Presentations • Present your sheets
  • 14. Summary of Focualt  Voyeurism (the act of watching) changes the way people behave/present themselves  Reality TV reflects a voyeuristic Postmodern society  Social Networking and the internet give us greater control over voyeurism
  • 15. Homework – Due Thur • Choose 1, 2, 3 of the ‘texts’ today. • Task: Write a written response applying Focault’s theory – Start essay by explaining context of the panopticon and Focault’s theory (main points) – Use the questions as prompts – If doing 2-3 texts, compare similarities/differences – About 1-1 ½ pages