Film Opening Sequences L/O: -to know what an opening sequence is-be able to use key terms to analyze an opening sequence
Key Terms• Opening sequence• Title sequence• Teaser• Billing – top billing• Titles/Credits• Film title• Film credit• Opening credits• End credits
Film opening sequence• What is it?• What are their purposes?• What are some of your favourites? Why?
Key Terms DEFINITIONSFilm Film Billing Opening Title Opening ClosingTitle Credit Sequence Sequence Credits Credits (Top & Last) (Cold- open/Teaser)Title of film Name and/or The process The opening of a film The opening credits of The credits and the The credits role of person of placing a film in which the beginning of the film and the end worked on film titles and title and credits are of the film credits in a More modern films that separate from the film film set a scene in the itself opening which creates enigma (like a trailer) is called cold open or Ex James Bond teaser. Example = 4-3-2- 1 opening Top = most important Last = least important http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=4uaYiWu7uZs&safe=active
Recent trends• Opening sequences used to just be titles (billing)• Now there are so many styles: – Opening sequence (montage or narrative based) – Title sequence – Teaser – Short and sweet and some long and complex• Many major American films have done away with opening credits, not even displaying the film title until beginning of closing credits – Van Helsing in 2004 – Batman Begins in 2005 – High school music – scene AFTER credits – Liar Liar & Cheaper by the Dozen 2- bloopers – The Hangover (intrigued to watch pictures which answer story in film) – Slumdog Millionaire (end credits have dance routine worked in)
Genre• Different films and genres do these different: – Introducing characters – Establishing setting/story – Graphics/titles (title sequence) – Showing titles only• DRAMA• THRILLER• HORROR• ACTION• ROMANCE
EVOLUTION (WIK) • Some opening credits are presented over the opening sequences of a film, rather than in a separate title sequence. • In some films/TV shows, the title and opening credits may be preceded by a "cold open," or teaser (brief scene), that helps to set the stage for the episode or film4321 Scream 4Is a ‘teaser’ as it previews a section later in the film Next slide….It cuts off suddenly to create enigma, in which thefilm will answer the ultimate question as to why shejumped off bridge http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jLrAbsppc jw&safe=active No credits!!! But has a good reason…. -trilogy (actors/companies and previous films already known -way to sell a film which people see as ‘typical horror/slasher”
Scream 4 openingPart 1 Part 2 Part 3-typical convention with slight modern -audience sees that part 1 is a like a -they discuss stereotypical conventions oftwists (facebook/texting) parody of scream 1 – horror films-similar to first opening sequence -however the convention of ‘unpredictable - The chase/kill sequence reinforces killer’ is then a parody conventions but also challenges them!
Opening Sequence Record Sheet• Make sure you record all the opening sequences you watch over time!• Write in chart• Eventually you will put on your blog
You will analyse an Opening Sequence• PURPOSE• CONVENTIONS (relation to genre)• CAM SAM• MES• EDITING• SOUND• NARRATIVE• NARRATIVE THEORIES
Template to fill in• Use this to take notes as you watch a clip
Art of the Title www.artofthetitle.comThis website is fab!Has loads of greatopening sequences andtitle sequences.(no animated ortitle/credit only titlesequence analysis!)If you click on one, youcan then scroll down formore info (usually fromdirectors)
Task• To complete a group analysis on 1 opening sequence• BUT you must individually keep researching opening sequences – Write down on the record chart to keep track of all the ones you watch – Then put them on your blog: • hyper link of address (from youtube/artofthetitle) • screen grabs • bullet points about how they are effective)
Task (Assignment 9)• These are the instructions!
GroupsGroups Names Film to analyse (From art of the title) U turn1 Chelsea Monae Laura Red lights2 Abigail Russ Nicole gattaca3 Rosie Marisha Helen Cabin in the woods4 Jodie Amy Maria Dawn of the dead5 Jhane Ingrid Fatou To kill a mockingbird6 Michaela Rianne Pam
Model ‘Seven’• Let’s do one together• Get your opening sequence template• Will watch 4 times so take as many notes as possible• http://www.artofthetitle.com/title/se7en/
Assignment 9: Opening Sequence Analysis Name 1 Name 2 Name 3
Group names & responsibilities Task 1 Task 2 Task 3Name 1 Purpose/Conventions MES Narrative theory: ___________________Name 2 CAM SAM Sound Narrative theory: ___________________Name 3 Editing Narrative Narrative theory: ___________________
‘Seven’ Film Details Genre Psychological Crime Thriller Year 1995 Director David Fincher Main Actors Brad Pitt Morgan Freeman Gwenyth Paltrow Kevin Spacey
Purpose (Opening Sequence)• The purpose of this opening sequence is…. 1. 2. 3. 4.
ConventionsGeneral conventions of genre Conventions in Seven Similar Films (RE-INFORCE or CHALLENGE)184.108.40.206.5.6.
Camera ShotsCLOSE UPS EXTREME CLOSE UPS PURPOSE -no mid shots or long shots -to create enigma and mystery of objects, settings and characters See parts of a book but in reverse for mysteryUnderstand a book or journal is involved – but shot is notoverhead so audience can’t see content • Explanation 1 • Explanation 2 • Explanation 3Can see pages of the book, not detail of writing but can seethe writer is very obsessive