Today’s lesson Aim: To know and understand strength Objectives To list and describe the different types of strength To discuss and complete ways to test and train for strength To explain the factors that affect strength and training
What are the different types of strength? M---m-l St-e---h Maximal strength: maximum force produced in a single muscular contraction E --lo---e Strength Explosive strength: or power, a combination of speed and strength Strength E-------- Strength Endurance: the ability to sustain a number of muscular contractions over a period of time
Two more dimensions There are a further two dimensions to categorise strength Static strength Dynamic strength What might these two types of strength describe? Static … force exerted against a resistance but no movement Dynamic …force exerted causing change in body position Can you think of an example of each??
Examples of strength Static … handstand Dynamic … backflip
Get scribbling on your whiteboard Question: What factors might affect strength?
Factors affecting strength Your genetic muscle fibre type dictates your strength potential and the percentage you have within your muscles. Why? Discuss Also the cross-sectional area of the muscle determines its strength output. What is it called when the x-sectional area increases in size?
What else makes us strong? Age optimum age for strength is in our … … twenties Gender there is no difference in pure muscle tissue between females and males So why are males stronger? higher testosterone levels
Energy systems The predominant energy system being used will depend on the type of strength being utilised TASK (5 minutes) Can you think of examples from sport? Discuss this point together
Resistance training increases total number of motor units recruited and improved synchronisation. Neural Adaptations
Get your whiteboards ready Question: What have you remembered from today!
The body’s ability to apply a force Whatis the above sentence describing? … the maximum force thatcan be developed in a muscle or group of muscles during a single maximal contraction
Maximum strength Which example would you choose for maximum strength? A B C A B C
Right answer is … B The judo throw requires overcome of a very large force
Elastic strength Which example would you choose for elastic strength? A B C A B C
Right answer is … A The gymnast needs explosive strength in a sequence
Strength endurance Which example would you choose for strength endurance? A B C A B C
Right answer is … A Rowing requires repeated contractions without fatigue
Task You are now going to research one type of strength How to test for it How to train for it Gary – maximal strength Charlotte – explosive strength Chris – strength endurance Testing and Training for different types of strength
Testing and Training for different types of strength
Plenary – musical mastermind The winner is the contestant with the most points You will get 2 minutes on strength questions Everyone else will take it in turns to ask you questions If you answer incorrectly the answer is read out losing you valuable time You may pass three times