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Flexibility

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A-Level Exercise Physiology

A-Level Exercise Physiology

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. FLEXIBILITY
    Thursday 12th May
    9am – 11am
  • 2. Starter activity
    Write down a key/related word
    for this topic area for as many
    letters of the alphabet as
    you can (5 minutes)
    Examples:
    ATP
    Body Composition
    Contraction
  • 3. Define flexibility
    Discuss the factors that affect flexibility
    Explain how to test flexibility
    Design a training programme to improve flexibility
    Describe how the body adapts to flexibility training
    Learning objectives for today
  • 4. Whatis the above sentence describing?
    The range of movement available at a joint
    Flexibilityisrequired in all sports
    not just the obviousoneslikegymnastics.
  • 5. What are the two dimensions of flexibility?
    Static Flexibility Need this for good dynamic flexibility
    The maximum ability of a muscle to lengthen under controle.g. stretching (hamstrings)
    Dynamic Flexibility
    The maximum ability of a muscle to lengthenwhen performing an action at speed
    e.g. javelin thrower launching the javelin
    Dimensions of flexibility
  • 6. There are many factors that determine flexibility
    These factors can be …
    INTERNAL and EXTERNAL
    Use your textbooks (5 minutes)List 3 internal and 3 external factors that contribute to the flexibility of a performerWork on your own or together
    Factors affecting flexibility
  • 7. Factors affecting flexibility
  • 8. The Sit and Reach TestThe most easily accessible test is this one- indicates flexibility in hamstrings and lower back
    TESTING FLEXIBILITY
  • 9. Why is it important to warm up?
    Use your textbook to find the answers
    Mobility and warm up
    Page 208
    Why do we mobilise and warm up?
  • 10. Sit and reach test
    Normative data for the Sit & Reach test
    The following is for 16 to 19 year olds
  • 11. GoniometerLooks like a ruler and a compass!
    The head is placed at the joint
    The ruler follows the line of the bones
    Angle is measured in degrees
    TESTING FLEXIBILITY
    Page 205
  • 12. How do we improve flexibility
    Question: Note down some ideas on your whiteboards
  • 13. Improving flexibility
    Page 206 - 7
  • 14. The performer moves their own body into a position just beyond normal range and holds that position for 10 seconds …
    Active Stretching
    What type of stretching
  • 15. A partner moves the body to a position beyond the normal range and holds for 10 seconds…
    Passive Stretching
    What type of stretching
  • 16. This involves swinging or bouncing to take the body beyond its normal range of movement…
    Dynamic or Ballistic Stretching
    What type of stretching
  • 17. The performer stretches to a point just beyond their normal range, then contracts the muscle, relaxes, then stretches a little further …
    PNF
    Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
    What type of stretching
  • 18. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)
    Any contraction where there is no movement
    Golgi tendon organs stimulated as muscle relaxes
    Muscle spindles switch off
  • 19. Can you think of any adaptation and benefits?
    Use your textbook to find the answers
    Adaptations and benefits
    Page 208
    Adaptations and Benefits
  • 20. Adaptations and benefits
  • 21. Design a training programme to improve flexibility
    Use your textbook to find the answers (page 206)
    Training programme
  • 22. True or False
    True..................................................or is it false!
    Put your right hand up if you think it’s TRUE
    Put your left hand up if you think it’s FALSE
  • 23. Thank you