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Attitude Week 2

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A-Level Sports Psychology

A-Level Sports Psychology

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  • 1. Attitude
    Week 2
    A-Level Sports Psychology
    Miss Bowe
  • 2. Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference
    Winston Churchill
  • 3. Happiness is an attitude.  We either make ourselves miserable, or happy and strong. 
    The amount of work is the same.
    Francesca Reigler
  • 4. The only disability in life is a bad attitude.
    Scott Hamilton
  • 5. You must start with a positive attitude or you will surely end without one.
    Carrie Latet
  • 6. Excellence is not a skill.  It is an attitude.
    Ralph Marston
  • 7. Last Two Weeks …
    Introduction to attitude and its three components
    Explain the three personality theories
    Describeattitude and its three components
    Evaluate how attitude can help predict personality
    Explain prejudice and stereotyping in sport
    TASK – 5 minutesGo through the worksheets from starter activity
  • 8. Key Terms
    Did you fill in your glossary?
    If not do we will do it at the end of the lesson
    Chapter 9: Page 130 in your textbook
    Try to use your own words or bullet points
    Don’t be afraid to ask questions or discuss your answers
  • 9. This Week …
    Look at assertion and aggression AND attitude
    Recap attitude and its three components
    Define assertion and aggression
    Describe aggression and its three theories
    Discuss how aggression can be combatted
  • 10. Recap Attitude
    Developing a positive attitude is vital for sporting success
    Simply having a positive attitude is good for you!
    e.g. a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle a negative attitude towards a healthy lifestyle
  • 11. What is an attitude?
    An attitude is 'a learned emotional and behavioural response to a stimulus or situation‘
    Attitudes are formed through
    Experiences - either pleasant or unpleasant
    Attitudes of the people around us.
  • 12. Defining attitude
    Trandis (1971)
    ‘ideas charged with emotion (positive or negative) which automatically result an action to a particular social situation.’
    Attitude Object
    Linked to a situation or item
    Focus of an individuals attitude
    For examplePeople, objects, events, ideas
  • 13. Triadic Model of Attitude (3 parts)
    Cognitive component
    What a person thinks or believes about an attitude object
    e.g. I believe that jogging is good for me and helps me keep fit’
    Affective component
    What a person feels about the attitude object, their emotions
    e.g. I enjoy keeping fit an healthy, it makes me feel good
    Behavioural component
    How a person acts or intends to act towards the attitude object
    e.g. I go jogging three times a week and encourage my friends to
  • 14. Cognitive Dissonance Theory
    The three parts to forming an attitude
  • 15. General vs Specific Attitudes
    General attitudes will not help us predicttrue behaviour
    Fishbein and Ajzen (1975) state
    Specific attitudes must be considered to predict behaviour
    If the intention is present the behaviour will follow
    So to predict, perform or encourage a behaviour we must;
    Understand its relevance of a specific behaviour
    Get all the info and facts, or experience it directly
    Discuss and deal with any negative attitudes immediately
  • 16. Can we change or predict attitude?
    If attitudes form our beliefs and values can we predict how we will act in different situations?
    Changing Attitudes
    To get an individual to change their attitude about something, they must be persuaded.
    The ability to persuade someone to change their attitude is dependant on three factors:
    Do you know what they might be??
  • 17. Changing Attitude
    Status of the persuaderSomeone of high status who is knowledgeable and genuine is likely to be successful
    Clarity of the messageA clear, concise and accurate argument should be put forward to give them all the information
    Ability to understand the messageThe individual being persuaded must be capable of understanding the message
  • 18. Cognitive Dissonance Theory
    A mismatch in the triadic model will cause a imbalance or a dissonance in the mind of the person being persuadedWhy?
    The introduction of new information influences the cognitive (belief) or affective (emotional) component of the triangle.
    To reduce the imbalance we must change the behaviour
    Cognitive (belief or thought)
    Affective (feeling or emotion)
    Behaviour (or intention)
  • 19. If the is an imbalance something must be changed …
    Cognitive (belief or thought)
    Affective (feeling or emotion)
    Behaviour (or intention)
    thought
    thought
    feeling behaviour
    feeling behaviour
  • 20. Defining assertion
    Assertion is … behaviour which is not outside the rules of the game and does not have the intention of causing harm. E.g. a fair but hard challenge in a game of football
  • 21. Defining aggression
    Aggression incorporates the desire to harm another person and is not within the laws of the game.
  • 22. Three Theories of Aggression
    Natural instinctHumans are predisposed to aggressive behaviour as a survival tool
    FrustrationWhen a person is stopped from achieving they become frustrated and aggressive
    Social learningAggression is learnt from those around us and those in the public eye
    TASK (2 minutes)
    Can you think of an example of aggression in your sport?
  • 23. How would you combat aggression?
  • 24. Combatting aggression …
    Showing non-aggressive role-models
    Rewarding 'turning the other cheek'
    Punishing aggression
    Control of arousal levels
    Avoidance of situations which cause aggression
    Handing responsibility to an aggressive player
    Stopping repeatedly aggressive players from participating further
  • 25. Key Terms
    TASK (10 minutes)Add any key terms to your glossary to help your revision
    Chapter 9: Page 130 - 145 in your textbook
    Try to use your own words or bullet points
    Don’t be afraid to ask questions or discuss your answers
  • 26. Have a go …
    Question 1
    What is the difference between aggression and assertion?
    Aggression is outside of the rules of the game and has the intent of causing harm
    Assertion is within the laws of the game and is free from intent to cause harm
  • 27. Question 2
    Name the three theories used to explain why we are aggressive
    Natural Instinct
    Frustration
    Social Learning
  • 28. Question 3
    Suggest four ways in which aggression could be controlled
    Showing non-aggressive role models
    Rewarding turning the other cheek
    Punishing aggression
    Controlling arousal levels
    Preventing aggressive players from participating further
  • 29. Question 4
    What are the three components which make up our attitude formation
    Cognitive – what you think/your belief
    Affective – what you feel/your emotions
    Behavioural – what you do/your intended behaviour
  • 30. Question 5
    On what three factors does the ability to change someone’s attitude depend?
    The person and their mental and emotionally state
    How clear the message is
    If they understand or can relate to the message

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