Evaluation of Enhanced Collaboration between
Fire and Rescue Services and Security Officers
- A cost-benefit analysis
Åsa ...
2
Using new actors as first responders has been suggested as a solution to
decrease response time and increase the number ...
New actors within response and rescue
Background
4
The municipalities in Sweden are
responsible for the fire and rescue
service (FRS)
Scarce resources
New actor...
The hypothesis of this study is that collaboration between fire
and rescue services and security officers might be a cost-...
The importance of the time factor in fire and rescue operations
in Sweden
(Juås & Mattsson 1997, Jaldell 2004)
6
Costs
Res...
7
Methodology
• Three municipalities has been studied
• Interviews with representatives from the FRS,
the security officer...
The collaboration
• The security officers receives the alarm at same time as the
FRS.
• Since they are constantly on patro...
Results
BENEFITS COSTS
Reduced response times Extinguishing material and refill
Situational awareness Radio sets/beepers
K...
Results
Incident reports from
the security officers
Nr. of
identified
reports
Security
officers reach
the accident
scene b...
Results
11
Benefits: ∆𝑡𝑖 × 𝑝𝑖 × 𝑣𝑖 = 𝐵𝑖
𝑛
𝑖=1
𝑛
𝑖=1 = 𝐵
- In the seven cases the fire chief estimated that the security of...
Costs:
- Material
- Education
- Turn-out costs
- ~ € 𝟐𝟓𝟎𝟎 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒚
- 𝑻𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒖𝒂𝒍 𝒔𝒐𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍 𝒏𝒆𝒕 𝒃𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒇𝒊𝒕 ~ € 17 500
12
Conclusions
• The benefits from time savings amount to 8 times the invested
amount.
• Even if the benefits are uncertain w...
Future work
• Needs analysis
- Information systems (reporting, communication)
- Education
• Study the potential of schedul...
www.liu.se
Thank you for listening!
Questions? Feed-back?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Evaluation of enhanced collaboration between fire and rescue services and security officers

27

Published on

Presentation of Åsa Weinholt and Tobias Andersson Granberg on the topic "Evaluation of enhanced collaboration between fire and rescue services and security officers" at ISCRAM2013

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
27
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Evaluation of enhanced collaboration between fire and rescue services and security officers

  1. 1. Evaluation of Enhanced Collaboration between Fire and Rescue Services and Security Officers - A cost-benefit analysis Åsa Weinholt PhD Student asa.weinholt@liu.se Tobias Andersson Granberg tobias.andersson@liu.se Department of Communication and Transport Systems
  2. 2. 2 Using new actors as first responders has been suggested as a solution to decrease response time and increase the number of resources available in small scale crisis in the Swedish Emergency Response System.
  3. 3. New actors within response and rescue
  4. 4. Background 4 The municipalities in Sweden are responsible for the fire and rescue service (FRS) Scarce resources New actors might be a cost effective way of improving the FRS. The importance of the time factor
  5. 5. The hypothesis of this study is that collaboration between fire and rescue services and security officers might be a cost- effective way to reduce response time and improve emergency response. 5
  6. 6. The importance of the time factor in fire and rescue operations in Sweden (Juås & Mattsson 1997, Jaldell 2004) 6 Costs Response time Cost 5 min 5 min 10 min Cost 10 min
  7. 7. 7 Methodology • Three municipalities has been studied • Interviews with representatives from the FRS, the security officers and security managers. • Incident reports from both the FRS and the security officers. • Cost-Benefit Analysis MARKERINGSYTA FÖR BILDER När du gör egna slides, placera bilder och andra illustrationer inom dessa fält. Titta gärna i ”baspresentationen” för exempel på hur placeringen kan göras.
  8. 8. The collaboration • The security officers receives the alarm at same time as the FRS. • Since they are constantly on patrol they can reach the incident scene fast. • Education • Extinguishing materials • Communication tools “The citizens want to get help fast, they do not care were the help comes from” 8
  9. 9. Results BENEFITS COSTS Reduced response times Extinguishing material and refill Situational awareness Radio sets/beepers Keys and good local knowledge Medical kits Preventive work Training and education Additional tasks during the response work Turn-out cost for security officers 9
  10. 10. Results Incident reports from the security officers Nr. of identified reports Security officers reach the accident scene before the FRS Reports with substantial contribution from security officers Fire in building 5 3 0 Fire not in building 12 11 7 Automatic alarm (false alarms) 23 16 0 Traffic accident 10 4 0 Other 10 6 0 Total nr. of reports 60 40 7 10
  11. 11. Results 11 Benefits: ∆𝑡𝑖 × 𝑝𝑖 × 𝑣𝑖 = 𝐵𝑖 𝑛 𝑖=1 𝑛 𝑖=1 = 𝐵 - In the seven cases the fire chief estimated that the security officers proportion of the total effort was 100 %. - In five of these cases they suppressed fires with no risk for diffusion or large social costs. - Two of the cases implied substantial risk for spreading and damage. - Value of benefits ~ € 𝟐𝟎 𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒚
  12. 12. Costs: - Material - Education - Turn-out costs - ~ € 𝟐𝟓𝟎𝟎 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒖𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒚 - 𝑻𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒏𝒏𝒖𝒂𝒍 𝒔𝒐𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍 𝒏𝒆𝒕 𝒃𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒇𝒊𝒕 ~ € 17 500 12
  13. 13. Conclusions • The benefits from time savings amount to 8 times the invested amount. • Even if the benefits are uncertain we can conclude that the costs are low. • Several non-valuable positive effects benefits are underestimated. • This study highlights the difficulties of evaluating rescue operations quantitatively. • Not enough data to do sensitivity analysis. • Need for improved information systems. 13
  14. 14. Future work • Needs analysis - Information systems (reporting, communication) - Education • Study the potential of scheduling patrol routes for security officers, taking into account their increased responsibilities as first responders • Specify different accidents types where new actors are most valuable. • New actors in large scale crisis • Other potential actors • Etc. 14
  15. 15. www.liu.se Thank you for listening! Questions? Feed-back?

×