Jean jacques rousseau


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Jean jacques rousseau

  1. 1. JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU By: Miriam Berry
  2. 2. CHILDHOOD Born in Geneva, Switzerland on June 28,1712 Family was pious Calvinists and refugees from France His mother died shortly after childbirth His father was a poor watchmaker and dance master When he was ten his father fled Geneva He was then raised by his mothers sister
  3. 3. SCHOOLING He stopped traditional schooling at the age of 12 Was apprenticed to several trades but had no success In 1728 he ran away from Geneva and joined the Catholic church Took a job as a footman to a noblewoman in Annecy Later became lover to a wealthy widow who provided for his educationin the classics and music In 1738 he journeyed to Montpellier to improve his health and whenhe returned his lover had found a replacement
  4. 4. CAREER Attempted teaching but did not like it Was not recognized for his system of musical notation Was an unsatisfactory secretary to the Frenchambassador in Venice Finally moved back to Paris after his failed attempts
  5. 5. FAMILY In Paris in 1745 he took a mistress, Therese le Vasseur They had five children Jean took them all to the Foundling Hospital to be raised asorphans He later married Therese in 1768
  6. 6. PUBLISHED WORKS Wrote an essay called “Discourse on the Arts and Sciences” andwon a literary prize from the Academy of Dijon in 1749 This gave him literary fame and he returned to Geneva in1754 There he rejoined the protestant church and regained hiscitizenship He published several essays and had some different mistresses inthe next few years.
  7. 7. EXILE In 1762 he published his most famous works, “The SocialContract” and “Emile” Due to the content of these books about religion and his opinionthat there should be a democratic city-state in France he was exiled bythe government. He did not like it so in 1770 he returned to Paris
  8. 8. LATER LIFE Back in Paris he published several more less offensive works andan opera. Rousseau suffered from psychological feelings of persecution andlived in a cottage at Ermenonville for the last few months of his life Due to his mental and physical health problems he died of astroke on July 2, 1778
  9. 9. EMILE Rousseau wrote this novel to show his beliefs on education. It consists of five books and the different stages of learning Book 1: Infancy: Goodness of men, keep children should bekept form forming bad habits Book 2: “The age of Nature”: purpose of education, schoolenvironment, self motivated learning, discipline and physicaleducation
  10. 10. EMILE (CONTINUED) Book 3: Pre-adolescence : Intellectual education,geography, science, history and other subjects are learned bydesire to learn them Book 4: Puberty: social attitudes, and natural religion Book 5: Adulthood: love, education of women
  11. 11. PHILOSOPHIES People are inherently good but they become corrupted by the evilsof society. He believed in liberty, equality, and fraternity “Make the citizen good by training, and everything else will follow.” - Jean Jacques Rousseau
  12. 12. SOURCES