Religion in Iraq<br />
Which of the following statements is true?<br />	A.  All Arabs are Muslims	B.  All Muslims are Arabs<br />	C.  Iran is an ...
Which of the following statements is true?<br />	A.  All Arabs are Muslims	B.  All Muslims are Arabs<br />	C.  Iran is an ...
Religious Composition<br /><ul><li>  97% Muslim</li></ul>60-65% Shia<br />32-37% Sunni<br /><ul><li>  3% Christian, Yazidi...
  Abraham (the father of all prophets) is the first Muslim
 Founder: Muhammad Ibn (son of) Abdallah
 Koran + the statements of Muhammad = Shareeha (constitution), as Interpreted by Islamic scholars                         ...
Sunni and Shiaa<br />Sunni<br /><ul><li> 90% of Muslims
 Follow the Koran and the Hadeeth as we have them today and as interpreted by the Sunni scholars</li></ul>Shiaa<br /><ul><...
 Believe in the Koran and Hadeeth, like Sunni
 However, they regard Ali as a holy figure and think that “main stream” Islam discriminated against him</li></li></ul><li>...
God’s word inspired to his messenger
Allah is the word for God used by Christian and Muslim Arabs
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Religions in Iraq

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  • The KoranConfirms most narratives and prophets of the Jewish and Christian faithsHas a special place for Virgin Mary, the only female (the Chapter of Mary)
  • Religions in Iraq

    1. 1. Religion in Iraq<br />
    2. 2. Which of the following statements is true?<br /> A. All Arabs are Muslims B. All Muslims are Arabs<br /> C. Iran is an Arab country D. None of the above<br />
    3. 3. Which of the following statements is true?<br /> A. All Arabs are Muslims B. All Muslims are Arabs<br /> C. Iran is an Arab country D. None of the above<br />
    4. 4. Religious Composition<br /><ul><li> 97% Muslim</li></ul>60-65% Shia<br />32-37% Sunni<br /><ul><li> 3% Christian, Yazidist, Mandean, and other</li></li></ul><li>Islam<br />“Surrender” - related to “salaam” or peace<br /><ul><li>Islam is also a code of social conduct
    5. 5. Abraham (the father of all prophets) is the first Muslim
    6. 6. Founder: Muhammad Ibn (son of) Abdallah
    7. 7. Koran + the statements of Muhammad = Shareeha (constitution), as Interpreted by Islamic scholars </li></li></ul><li>Abraham<br /> Ismail<br /> Adnan<br />Quraiysh<br />Qussaiy<br />Abdmanaf<br />Abdshams Hashem<br /> (Amneh+) Abdallah Abutalib Hamzeh Alabbas Abulahab Alhareth<br />Adbelmuttalib<br />Muhammad<br />Ali<br />Ummayah Dynasty Abbbassides Dynasty<br />(661-750)<br />(750-1258)<br />
    8. 8. Sunni and Shiaa<br />Sunni<br /><ul><li> 90% of Muslims
    9. 9. Follow the Koran and the Hadeeth as we have them today and as interpreted by the Sunni scholars</li></ul>Shiaa<br /><ul><li> Emerged as a sect (680 A.D.)
    10. 10. Believe in the Koran and Hadeeth, like Sunni
    11. 11. However, they regard Ali as a holy figure and think that “main stream” Islam discriminated against him</li></li></ul><li>The Koran<br /><ul><li>Islam’s holy book, an inspired scripture
    12. 12. God’s word inspired to his messenger
    13. 13. Allah is the word for God used by Christian and Muslim Arabs
    14. 14. One and only one God, no trinity
    15. 15. Arabic is the language of the Koran</li></li></ul><li>The 'Five Pillars' of Islam<br /><ul><li> The framework for Muslim life, essential practices </li></ul>1. The declaration of faith (El – shahada)<br />2. Prayer (Sala) <br />3. Pay alms, charity (Zaka)<br />4. Fasting (Saum)<br />5. Pilgrimage (Hajj)<br />
    16. 16. Other Values<br />Rights and Status of Women<br /><ul><li> Eliminated many pre-Islamic discriminatory practices
    17. 17. Limited the number of wives a man can marry
    18. 18. Treat women with kindness and view their rights as equal to men </li></ul>The hijab or head scarf<br /><ul><li> Modest dress, applies to women and men equally
    19. 19. Women are required to cover their bodies so that their figure is not revealed.
    20. 20. Women are not required to cover their faces. </li></li></ul><li>Definitions and Distinctions<br /><ul><li>Muslims – Apolitical.
    21. 21. Islamic fundamentalists - a movement that wants to return to what are considered the defining or founding principles of the religion
    22. 22. Islamists – strive to replace state secular laws with Islamic law (Sharia)</li></ul>ISLAMIST<br />TERRORISTS<br />POLITICAL<br />ISLAM<br />APOLITICAL ISLAM<br />ISLAMISTS<br />
    23. 23. Jihad and the Conduct of War<br /><ul><li> Jihadin Arabic does not mean "holy war.” It means to "struggle” or “strive”
    24. 24. It is the difficult effort needed to put God's will into practice at every level
    25. 25. The “greater jihad” in the Koran is that of the soul, of the tongue, of the pen, of faith, of morality, etc. The "smaller jihad" is that of arms.
    26. 26. Those who are killed in Jihad become martyrs (shahid)
    27. 27. Three levels, personal, verbal, and physical</li></li></ul><li>Questions?<br />
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