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Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
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Religions in Iraq

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  • The KoranConfirms most narratives and prophets of the Jewish and Christian faithsHas a special place for Virgin Mary, the only female (the Chapter of Mary)
  • Transcript

    • 1. Religion in Iraq
    • 2. Which of the following statements is true?
      A. All Arabs are Muslims B. All Muslims are Arabs
      C. Iran is an Arab country D. None of the above
    • 3. Which of the following statements is true?
      A. All Arabs are Muslims B. All Muslims are Arabs
      C. Iran is an Arab country D. None of the above
    • 4. Religious Composition
      • 97% Muslim
      60-65% Shia
      32-37% Sunni
      • 3% Christian, Yazidist, Mandean, and other
    • Islam
      “Surrender” - related to “salaam” or peace
      • Islam is also a code of social conduct
      • 5. Abraham (the father of all prophets) is the first Muslim
      • 6. Founder: Muhammad Ibn (son of) Abdallah
      • 7. Koran + the statements of Muhammad = Shareeha (constitution), as Interpreted by Islamic scholars
    • Abraham
      Ismail
      Adnan
      Quraiysh
      Qussaiy
      Abdmanaf
      Abdshams Hashem
      (Amneh+) Abdallah Abutalib Hamzeh Alabbas Abulahab Alhareth
      Adbelmuttalib
      Muhammad
      Ali
      Ummayah Dynasty Abbbassides Dynasty
      (661-750)
      (750-1258)
    • 8. Sunni and Shiaa
      Sunni
      • 90% of Muslims
      • 9. Follow the Koran and the Hadeeth as we have them today and as interpreted by the Sunni scholars
      Shiaa
      • Emerged as a sect (680 A.D.)
      • 10. Believe in the Koran and Hadeeth, like Sunni
      • 11. However, they regard Ali as a holy figure and think that “main stream” Islam discriminated against him
    • The Koran
      • Islam’s holy book, an inspired scripture
      • 12. God’s word inspired to his messenger
      • 13. Allah is the word for God used by Christian and Muslim Arabs
      • 14. One and only one God, no trinity
      • 15. Arabic is the language of the Koran
    • The 'Five Pillars' of Islam
      • The framework for Muslim life, essential practices
      1. The declaration of faith (El – shahada)
      2. Prayer (Sala)
      3. Pay alms, charity (Zaka)
      4. Fasting (Saum)
      5. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
    • 16. Other Values
      Rights and Status of Women
      • Eliminated many pre-Islamic discriminatory practices
      • 17. Limited the number of wives a man can marry
      • 18. Treat women with kindness and view their rights as equal to men
      The hijab or head scarf
      • Modest dress, applies to women and men equally
      • 19. Women are required to cover their bodies so that their figure is not revealed.
      • 20. Women are not required to cover their faces.
    • Definitions and Distinctions
      • Muslims – Apolitical.
      • 21. Islamic fundamentalists - a movement that wants to return to what are considered the defining or founding principles of the religion
      • 22. Islamists – strive to replace state secular laws with Islamic law (Sharia)
      ISLAMIST
      TERRORISTS
      POLITICAL
      ISLAM
      APOLITICAL ISLAM
      ISLAMISTS
    • 23. Jihad and the Conduct of War
      • Jihadin Arabic does not mean "holy war.” It means to "struggle” or “strive”
      • 24. It is the difficult effort needed to put God's will into practice at every level
      • 25. The “greater jihad” in the Koran is that of the soul, of the tongue, of the pen, of faith, of morality, etc. The "smaller jihad" is that of arms.
      • 26. Those who are killed in Jihad become martyrs (shahid)
      • 27. Three levels, personal, verbal, and physical
    • Questions?

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