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071-332-5000 (SL3) Prepare an Operation Overlay<br />STP 21-24 SMCT<br />
Given <br />Complete copy of the operation order (OPORD) that your unit is to execute<br />Commander's or a battalion oper...
Given (cont.)<br />Overlay material (paper/acetate)<br />Tape<br />Map of the operational area, <br />Colored pencils/mark...
Within the specified time: <br />Identified the overlay by map reference data, effective date, and purpose<br />The overla...
Within the specified time: (cont.)<br />Prepared overlay in accordance with overlay techniques outlined in FM 101-5-1, wit...
Create a condensed representation of:<br />Plans<br />Orders<br />Information concerning a military operation<br />Heavy u...
Performance Steps<br />
Orient the overlay material over the map area to the annotated portion<br />Temporarily attach it to the map with the tape...
Register the Overlay (cont.)<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />
Use colored pencils or markers in standard colors, when available, to plot any detail (FM 101-5-1) <br />Otherwise, plot t...
Use standard military symbols where possible<br />When the author invents nonstandard symbols, they must be identified on ...
Standard colors<br />Blue or Black<br />Friendly units, installations, equipment, and activities<br />Red<br />Enemy insta...
The classification of the overlay is dependent upon classification of the order used to prepare the overlay<br />Top Secre...
Basic Military Symbols and Graphics <br />
Basic Symbols<br />
Basic Unit Symbols<br />Blue<br />Green<br />Blue<br />Red<br />
Modifiers<br />
Modifiers<br />
Modifiers<br />Air Assault<br />Airborne<br />Gun Equipped<br />Mechanized<br />or Armored<br />Armored<br />(Wheeled)<br ...
Modifiers<br />Engineer<br />Artillery<br />Infantry<br />Chemical<br />MI<br />MP<br />Military<br />Intelligence<br />Mi...
Unit Symbols<br />E.g. B CO, 3d BN, 52d INF  <br />
Operational Graphics<br />
Operational Graphics<br />
Operational Graphics<br />
Recognize Overlay Techniques<br />
Solid lines indicate<br />The location of a unit or installation or coordinating detail (for example, line of departure or...
Areas of tactical responsibility<br />In the offense - referred to as zones of action<br />In the defense and retrograde -...
Shown by solid line if currently in effect or made effective by the order prepared<br />Future or proposed boundaries are ...
<ul><li>Symbol is placed on the boundary to show size and designation of the highest units that share the boundary</li></u...
Shown from the line of departure (LD) to the objective following an avenue of approach<br />Axis of Advance<br />
Twist is placed in the shaft of the open arrow to differentiate between a ground axis of advance and an air assault of adv...
Specify the direction in which the center of mass of a subordinate unit must move in an attack to ensure the accomplishmen...
When a unit is directed to seize successive objectives with its main attack along a certain line, either one arrow extendi...
Arrows used to indicate<br />Terrain over which the unit operates <br />Farthest extension of its mission<br />Units Assig...
Main supply route (MSR) <br />Route(s) designated within an area of operations upon which the bulk of traffic flows in sup...
Symbol should be drawn so its center corresponds with the coordinates at which the unit is located<br />Portrayal of a Uni...
Offset technique <br />Used for clarity when space precludes normal symbol placement<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (co...
Offset staffs<br />May be "bent" as required.  <br />Dashed for future or proposed locations  <br />Extend vertically from...
Locations of attacking units normally indicated by boundaries or by unit symbols<br />Locationof the reserve is indicated ...
Each objective is identified by the abbreviation "OBJ" and a number, letter, or name designation<br />Objective(s)<br />
Indicated by drawing the boundary across the front of the unit, usually along a well-defined terrain feature such as a str...
Line (including the size symbol of the defending unit) encloses the area<br />Closed side of the symbol is oriented toward...
Control measure to coordinate the advance of an attacking unit<br />Clearly defined on the ground and on the map<br />Appr...
Units are in contact with the enemy<br />Frontline is shown as a series of arcs<br />Ends of arced linea are labeled "LC"<...
<ul><li>Units report their arrival at, or clearance of, a PL, but they do not halt unless ordered to do so</li></ul>Contro...
Where a delaying action begins, trading space for time<br />Enemy is held forward of delay lines until the specified time ...
Points<br />Coordinating Points<br />Designated on boundaries as specific points for coordination of fires and maneuver be...
Points (cont.)<br />Contact Points<br />Designated physical contact<br />Passage Point<br />Similar to a checkpoint with t...
Points (cont.)<br />Linkup Points  <br />Easily identifiable point on the ground and map that is used to facilitate the jo...
Test<br />Friendly Mechanized Infantry Unit<br />Location: XJ 90 84<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit<br />Locat...
QUESTIONS<br />
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071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay

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Transcript of "071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay"

  1. 1. 071-332-5000 (SL3) Prepare an Operation Overlay<br />STP 21-24 SMCT<br />
  2. 2. Given <br />Complete copy of the operation order (OPORD) that your unit is to execute<br />Commander's or a battalion operations officer's (S3) guidance (to include time available for preparation)<br />Conditions<br />
  3. 3. Given (cont.)<br />Overlay material (paper/acetate)<br />Tape<br />Map of the operational area, <br />Colored pencils/markers (red, black, blue, green, and yellow)<br />No. 2 pencil <br />Coordinate scale<br />FM 101-5-1<br />Conditions (cont.)<br />
  4. 4. Within the specified time: <br />Identified the overlay by map reference data, effective date, and purpose<br />The overlay contained classification markings and downgrading instructions, if applicable and distribution instructions and authentication, if distributed separately<br />Standards<br />
  5. 5. Within the specified time: (cont.)<br />Prepared overlay in accordance with overlay techniques outlined in FM 101-5-1, with:<br />Boundaries and unit locations plotted to within 50 meters<br />Tactics and fire support measures to within 25 meters<br />Standards (cont.)<br />
  6. 6. Create a condensed representation of:<br />Plans<br />Orders<br />Information concerning a military operation<br />Heavy use of military symbols<br />Purpose<br />
  7. 7. Performance Steps<br />
  8. 8. Orient the overlay material over the map area to the annotated portion<br />Temporarily attach it to the map with the tape or tacks<br />Trace the grid intersections nearest the opposite corners of the overlay <br />Label each with the proper grid coordinates<br />Register the Overlay<br />
  9. 9. Register the Overlay (cont.)<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />
  10. 10. Use colored pencils or markers in standard colors, when available, to plot any detail (FM 101-5-1) <br />Otherwise, plot the activity you wish to show with a pen or pencil that makes a lasting mark without cutting the overlay<br />Plot New Detail<br />
  11. 11. Use standard military symbols where possible<br />When the author invents nonstandard symbols, they must be identified on the edge of the overlay<br />Show only that detail with which the document is directly concerned<br />Plot New Detail (cont.)<br />
  12. 12. Standard colors<br />Blue or Black<br />Friendly units, installations, equipment, and activities<br />Red<br />Enemy installations, equipment, and activities<br />Yellow<br />Any areas of chemical, biological or radiological contamination<br />Green  <br />Any man-made obstacle<br />If only one color is available, enemy symbols are depicted with double lines<br />Plot New Detail (cont.)<br />
  13. 13. The classification of the overlay is dependent upon classification of the order used to prepare the overlay<br />Top Secret<br />Secret<br />Confidential<br />Unclassified<br />U//FOUO—"Unclassified—For Official Use Only"<br />Mark the top and bottom of the overlay with the classification<br />Mark the Overlay Classification<br />
  14. 14. Basic Military Symbols and Graphics <br />
  15. 15. Basic Symbols<br />
  16. 16. Basic Unit Symbols<br />Blue<br />Green<br />Blue<br />Red<br />
  17. 17. Modifiers<br />
  18. 18. Modifiers<br />
  19. 19. Modifiers<br />Air Assault<br />Airborne<br />Gun Equipped<br />Mechanized<br />or Armored<br />Armored<br />(Wheeled)<br />Motorized<br />LP or OP<br />Reconnaissance<br />(Scout)<br />Air Defense<br />Artillery<br />Anti-Armor<br />Aviation,<br />Fixed Wing<br />Aviation,<br />Rotary<br />
  20. 20. Modifiers<br />Engineer<br />Artillery<br />Infantry<br />Chemical<br />MI<br />MP<br />Military<br />Intelligence<br />Military<br />Police<br />Signal<br />Supply<br />Maintenance<br />Medical<br />Medical Treatment<br />Facility<br />Supply Trains<br />
  21. 21. Unit Symbols<br />E.g. B CO, 3d BN, 52d INF <br />
  22. 22. Operational Graphics<br />
  23. 23. Operational Graphics<br />
  24. 24. Operational Graphics<br />
  25. 25. Recognize Overlay Techniques<br />
  26. 26. Solid lines indicate<br />The location of a unit or installation or coordinating detail (for example, line of departure or boundary) is in effect and will continue, or is made effective by the order prepared<br />Broken lines indicate<br />Proposed or future location<br />Coordinating detail to become effective later<br />Solid and Broken Lines<br />
  27. 27. Areas of tactical responsibility<br />In the offense - referred to as zones of action<br />In the defense and retrograde - referred to as sectors of responsibility<br />Desirably drawn along terrain features easily recognizable on the ground<br />Boundaries<br />
  28. 28. Shown by solid line if currently in effect or made effective by the order prepared<br />Future or proposed boundaries are shown by a broken line and  labeled to indicate the effective time<br />Boundaries (cont.)<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>Symbol is placed on the boundary to show size and designation of the highest units that share the boundary</li></ul>If the units are of unequal size, the symbols of the higher unit are shown and the designation of the lower is given completely to show its size<br />Boundaries (cont.)<br />
  30. 30. Shown from the line of departure (LD) to the objective following an avenue of approach<br />Axis of Advance<br />
  31. 31. Twist is placed in the shaft of the open arrow to differentiate between a ground axis of advance and an air assault of advance<br />Axis of Advance (cont.)<br />
  32. 32. Specify the direction in which the center of mass of a subordinate unit must move in an attack to ensure the accomplishment of a closely coordinated plan of maneuver<br />Extends from the line of departure to the objective and is not labeled<br />Direction of Attack Arrows<br />
  33. 33. When a unit is directed to seize successive objectives with its main attack along a certain line, either one arrow extending through the objectives to the final objective or a series of arrows connecting the objectives may be used<br />The double arrowhead is used to distinguish the main attack for the command as a whole<br />Direction of Attack Arrows<br />
  34. 34. Arrows used to indicate<br />Terrain over which the unit operates <br />Farthest extension of its mission<br />Units Assigned Security Missions<br />
  35. 35. Main supply route (MSR) <br />Route(s) designated within an area of operations upon which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations<br />Labeled MSR and assigned a code name<br />Not used below division level<br />Graphic Portrayal of Supply Routes<br />
  36. 36. Symbol should be drawn so its center corresponds with the coordinates at which the unit is located<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location<br />
  37. 37. Offset technique <br />Used for clarity when space precludes normal symbol placement<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)<br />
  38. 38. Offset staffs<br />May be "bent" as required.  <br />Dashed for future or proposed locations  <br />Extend vertically from the bottom center of the symbol (except for command posts [CP])<br />End of the offset staff indicates <br />Exact locations of CPs and aid stations <br />Center of mass for other units or installations  <br />The staff for a CP symbol is always on the left edge<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)<br />
  39. 39. Locations of attacking units normally indicated by boundaries or by unit symbols<br />Locationof the reserve is indicated by an assembly area symbol and by a CP or unit symbol<br />Reserve units of a force assigned defense position or battle position normally are shown by a line enclosing the area occupied or to be occupied<br />"goose egg"<br />Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)<br />
  40. 40. Each objective is identified by the abbreviation "OBJ" and a number, letter, or name designation<br />Objective(s)<br />
  41. 41. Indicated by drawing the boundary across the front of the unit, usually along a well-defined terrain feature such as a stream, ridge, or highway<br />Company A will be pinched out after seizing OBJ 1; Company B will seize OBJ 2 and continue the attack to seize OBJ 3<br />Pinch Out a Unit<br />
  42. 42. Line (including the size symbol of the defending unit) encloses the area<br />Closed side of the symbol is oriented toward the most likely enemy threat<br />Defended Areas<br />
  43. 43. Control measure to coordinate the advance of an attacking unit<br />Clearly defined on the ground and on the map<br />Approximately perpendicular to the direction of the attack<br />Under control of friendly units<br />Marked on both ends<br />Line of Departure<br />
  44. 44. Units are in contact with the enemy<br />Frontline is shown as a series of arcs<br />Ends of arced linea are labeled "LC"<br />If the LC is used as an LD, it is marked LD/LC<br />Line of Contact<br />
  45. 45. <ul><li>Units report their arrival at, or clearance of, a PL, but they do not halt unless ordered to do so</li></ul>Control the progress of units<br />Also used to control fires and unit movement and even to limit the advance of attacking elements<br />Should be easily recognized terrain features, normally perpendicular to the direction of advance<br />Drawn as a solid line with the letters PL at each end of the line identified further by a number, a letter, or code name<br />Phase Line<br />
  46. 46. Where a delaying action begins, trading space for time<br />Enemy is held forward of delay lines until the specified time or until permission is granted to withdraw<br />Usually given a code name, but may have a number, letter, or a variety of code names<br />Its time phase is indicated as a date-time group <br />Two-digit day and a four-digit hour, both connected<br />Letters IDP placed in parentheses between the line code name and the date-time group <br />Initial Delay Position<br />
  47. 47. Points<br />Coordinating Points<br />Designated on boundaries as specific points for coordination of fires and maneuver between adjacent units<br />Checkpoints<br />Number, letter, or code word inside an upright rectangle<br />Easily recognizable terrain features or objects, such as crossroads, churches, lone buildings, stream junctions, hills, bridges, and railroad crossings<br />
  48. 48. Points (cont.)<br />Contact Points<br />Designated physical contact<br />Passage Point<br />Similar to a checkpoint with the letters PP and the number or letter designation of the passage point within the symbol<br />Designated along the LD of the unit being passed through<br />Located where the commander desires subordinate units to actually pass<br />
  49. 49. Points (cont.)<br />Linkup Points  <br />Easily identifiable point on the ground and map that is used to facilitate the joining, connecting, or reconnecting of elements of a unit or units<br />Points of Departure (PDs)<br />Normally are shown along the LD for night attacks<br />Similar to a checkpoint containing the abbreviation “PD” and a letter or number within the symbol <br />The point of the arrow is at the bottom of its location<br />
  50. 50. Test<br />Friendly Mechanized Infantry Unit<br />Location: XJ 90 84<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit<br />Location: XJ 89 89<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit with Gun Systems<br />Location: XJ 85 82<br />Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Battalion with Gun Systems<br />Location: XJ 87 85<br />710th Area Support Medical CO, 108th Multifunctional Medical BN, 108th Sustainment BDE<br />Location: XJ 85 85<br />
  51. 51. QUESTIONS<br />
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