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071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay
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071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay

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  • 1. 071-332-5000 (SL3) Prepare an Operation Overlay
    STP 21-24 SMCT
  • 2. Given
    Complete copy of the operation order (OPORD) that your unit is to execute
    Commander's or a battalion operations officer's (S3) guidance (to include time available for preparation)
    Conditions
  • 3. Given (cont.)
    Overlay material (paper/acetate)
    Tape
    Map of the operational area,
    Colored pencils/markers (red, black, blue, green, and yellow)
    No. 2 pencil
    Coordinate scale
    FM 101-5-1
    Conditions (cont.)
  • 4. Within the specified time:
    Identified the overlay by map reference data, effective date, and purpose
    The overlay contained classification markings and downgrading instructions, if applicable and distribution instructions and authentication, if distributed separately
    Standards
  • 5. Within the specified time: (cont.)
    Prepared overlay in accordance with overlay techniques outlined in FM 101-5-1, with:
    Boundaries and unit locations plotted to within 50 meters
    Tactics and fire support measures to within 25 meters
    Standards (cont.)
  • 6. Create a condensed representation of:
    Plans
    Orders
    Information concerning a military operation
    Heavy use of military symbols
    Purpose
  • 7. Performance Steps
  • 8. Orient the overlay material over the map area to the annotated portion
    Temporarily attach it to the map with the tape or tacks
    Trace the grid intersections nearest the opposite corners of the overlay
    Label each with the proper grid coordinates
    Register the Overlay
  • 9. Register the Overlay (cont.)
    .
    .
    .
    .
  • 10. Use colored pencils or markers in standard colors, when available, to plot any detail (FM 101-5-1)
    Otherwise, plot the activity you wish to show with a pen or pencil that makes a lasting mark without cutting the overlay
    Plot New Detail
  • 11. Use standard military symbols where possible
    When the author invents nonstandard symbols, they must be identified on the edge of the overlay
    Show only that detail with which the document is directly concerned
    Plot New Detail (cont.)
  • 12. Standard colors
    Blue or Black
    Friendly units, installations, equipment, and activities
    Red
    Enemy installations, equipment, and activities
    Yellow
    Any areas of chemical, biological or radiological contamination
    Green  
    Any man-made obstacle
    If only one color is available, enemy symbols are depicted with double lines
    Plot New Detail (cont.)
  • 13. The classification of the overlay is dependent upon classification of the order used to prepare the overlay
    Top Secret
    Secret
    Confidential
    Unclassified
    U//FOUO—"Unclassified—For Official Use Only"
    Mark the top and bottom of the overlay with the classification
    Mark the Overlay Classification
  • 14. Basic Military Symbols and Graphics
  • 15. Basic Symbols
  • 16. Basic Unit Symbols
    Blue
    Green
    Blue
    Red
  • 17. Modifiers
  • 18. Modifiers
  • 19. Modifiers
    Air Assault
    Airborne
    Gun Equipped
    Mechanized
    or Armored
    Armored
    (Wheeled)
    Motorized
    LP or OP
    Reconnaissance
    (Scout)
    Air Defense
    Artillery
    Anti-Armor
    Aviation,
    Fixed Wing
    Aviation,
    Rotary
  • 20. Modifiers
    Engineer
    Artillery
    Infantry
    Chemical
    MI
    MP
    Military
    Intelligence
    Military
    Police
    Signal
    Supply
    Maintenance
    Medical
    Medical Treatment
    Facility
    Supply Trains
  • 21. Unit Symbols
    E.g. B CO, 3d BN, 52d INF
  • 22. Operational Graphics
  • 23. Operational Graphics
  • 24. Operational Graphics
  • 25. Recognize Overlay Techniques
  • 26. Solid lines indicate
    The location of a unit or installation or coordinating detail (for example, line of departure or boundary) is in effect and will continue, or is made effective by the order prepared
    Broken lines indicate
    Proposed or future location
    Coordinating detail to become effective later
    Solid and Broken Lines
  • 27. Areas of tactical responsibility
    In the offense - referred to as zones of action
    In the defense and retrograde - referred to as sectors of responsibility
    Desirably drawn along terrain features easily recognizable on the ground
    Boundaries
  • 28. Shown by solid line if currently in effect or made effective by the order prepared
    Future or proposed boundaries are shown by a broken line and  labeled to indicate the effective time
    Boundaries (cont.)
  • 29.
    • Symbol is placed on the boundary to show size and designation of the highest units that share the boundary
    If the units are of unequal size, the symbols of the higher unit are shown and the designation of the lower is given completely to show its size
    Boundaries (cont.)
  • 30. Shown from the line of departure (LD) to the objective following an avenue of approach
    Axis of Advance
  • 31. Twist is placed in the shaft of the open arrow to differentiate between a ground axis of advance and an air assault of advance
    Axis of Advance (cont.)
  • 32. Specify the direction in which the center of mass of a subordinate unit must move in an attack to ensure the accomplishment of a closely coordinated plan of maneuver
    Extends from the line of departure to the objective and is not labeled
    Direction of Attack Arrows
  • 33. When a unit is directed to seize successive objectives with its main attack along a certain line, either one arrow extending through the objectives to the final objective or a series of arrows connecting the objectives may be used
    The double arrowhead is used to distinguish the main attack for the command as a whole
    Direction of Attack Arrows
  • 34. Arrows used to indicate
    Terrain over which the unit operates
    Farthest extension of its mission
    Units Assigned Security Missions
  • 35. Main supply route (MSR)
    Route(s) designated within an area of operations upon which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations
    Labeled MSR and assigned a code name
    Not used below division level
    Graphic Portrayal of Supply Routes
  • 36. Symbol should be drawn so its center corresponds with the coordinates at which the unit is located
    Portrayal of a Unit Location
  • 37. Offset technique
    Used for clarity when space precludes normal symbol placement
    Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)
  • 38. Offset staffs
    May be "bent" as required.  
    Dashed for future or proposed locations  
    Extend vertically from the bottom center of the symbol (except for command posts [CP])
    End of the offset staff indicates
    Exact locations of CPs and aid stations
    Center of mass for other units or installations  
    The staff for a CP symbol is always on the left edge
    Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)
  • 39. Locations of attacking units normally indicated by boundaries or by unit symbols
    Locationof the reserve is indicated by an assembly area symbol and by a CP or unit symbol
    Reserve units of a force assigned defense position or battle position normally are shown by a line enclosing the area occupied or to be occupied
    "goose egg"
    Portrayal of a Unit Location (cont.)
  • 40. Each objective is identified by the abbreviation "OBJ" and a number, letter, or name designation
    Objective(s)
  • 41. Indicated by drawing the boundary across the front of the unit, usually along a well-defined terrain feature such as a stream, ridge, or highway
    Company A will be pinched out after seizing OBJ 1; Company B will seize OBJ 2 and continue the attack to seize OBJ 3
    Pinch Out a Unit
  • 42. Line (including the size symbol of the defending unit) encloses the area
    Closed side of the symbol is oriented toward the most likely enemy threat
    Defended Areas
  • 43. Control measure to coordinate the advance of an attacking unit
    Clearly defined on the ground and on the map
    Approximately perpendicular to the direction of the attack
    Under control of friendly units
    Marked on both ends
    Line of Departure
  • 44. Units are in contact with the enemy
    Frontline is shown as a series of arcs
    Ends of arced linea are labeled "LC"
    If the LC is used as an LD, it is marked LD/LC
    Line of Contact
  • 45.
    • Units report their arrival at, or clearance of, a PL, but they do not halt unless ordered to do so
    Control the progress of units
    Also used to control fires and unit movement and even to limit the advance of attacking elements
    Should be easily recognized terrain features, normally perpendicular to the direction of advance
    Drawn as a solid line with the letters PL at each end of the line identified further by a number, a letter, or code name
    Phase Line
  • 46. Where a delaying action begins, trading space for time
    Enemy is held forward of delay lines until the specified time or until permission is granted to withdraw
    Usually given a code name, but may have a number, letter, or a variety of code names
    Its time phase is indicated as a date-time group
    Two-digit day and a four-digit hour, both connected
    Letters IDP placed in parentheses between the line code name and the date-time group 
    Initial Delay Position
  • 47. Points
    Coordinating Points
    Designated on boundaries as specific points for coordination of fires and maneuver between adjacent units
    Checkpoints
    Number, letter, or code word inside an upright rectangle
    Easily recognizable terrain features or objects, such as crossroads, churches, lone buildings, stream junctions, hills, bridges, and railroad crossings
  • 48. Points (cont.)
    Contact Points
    Designated physical contact
    Passage Point
    Similar to a checkpoint with the letters PP and the number or letter designation of the passage point within the symbol
    Designated along the LD of the unit being passed through
    Located where the commander desires subordinate units to actually pass
  • 49. Points (cont.)
    Linkup Points  
    Easily identifiable point on the ground and map that is used to facilitate the joining, connecting, or reconnecting of elements of a unit or units
    Points of Departure (PDs)
    Normally are shown along the LD for night attacks
    Similar to a checkpoint containing the abbreviation “PD” and a letter or number within the symbol
    The point of the arrow is at the bottom of its location
  • 50. Test
    Friendly Mechanized Infantry Unit
    Location: XJ 90 84
    Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit
    Location: XJ 89 89
    Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Unit with Gun Systems
    Location: XJ 85 82
    Friendly Wheeled Armored Infantry Battalion with Gun Systems
    Location: XJ 87 85
    710th Area Support Medical CO, 108th Multifunctional Medical BN, 108th Sustainment BDE
    Location: XJ 85 85
  • 51. QUESTIONS

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