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Oms -   How do we evaluate the health risk from emf
 

Oms - How do we evaluate the health risk from emf

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    Oms -   How do we evaluate the health risk from emf Oms - How do we evaluate the health risk from emf Presentation Transcript

    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20131 | . subject to proper siting. subject to proper siting
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20132 | How do we evaluate the health risk from EMF?
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20133 | WHO Health Risk AssessmentWHO Health Risk Assessment Hazard identification and classification of possible carcinogens (Monographs) Risk assessment of all health outcomes (Environmental Health Criteria)
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20134 | Environmental Health Criteria Electromagnetic Fields Environmental Health Criteria Electromagnetic Fields WHO 2006 WHO 2007 IARC 2002 Static and ELF fields RF fields WHO 2012-14 IARC 2011-13
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20135 | Gaborone, Botswana, 25–26 5 From V. Cogliano, Workshop on "Characterizing evidence in EMF risk assessment", http://evidence.pureres.net,2006MayBerlin,
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20136 | IARC Evaluation Volume 102 - Radiofrequency Fields IARC Evaluation Volume 102 - Radiofrequency Fields RF fields classified as "possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B)" based on – limited evidence in humans. Positive association observed between exposure to RF-EMF from wireless phones and glioma and acoustic neuroma (epidemiologic studies). – limited animal data Evidence for other exposures (e.g. base stations, wifi, #) and outcomes (other cancers) considered insufficient for any conclusion
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20137 | Agents Classified by IARC (950)Agents Classified by IARC (950) Carcinogenic to humans (107) (usually based on strong evidence of carcinogenicity in humans) Probably carcinogenic to humans (59) (usually based on strong evidence of carcinogenicity in animals) Possibly carcinogenic to humans (267) (usually based on evidence in humans which is considered credible, but for which other explanations could not be ruled out) Asbestos Alcoholic beverages Benzene Mustard gas Radon gas Solar radiation Tobacco (smoked and smokeless) X-rays and Gamma Creosotes Diesel engine exhaust Formaldehyde Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) RF fields Coffee Gasoline engine exhaust Pickled vegetables ELF magnetic fields Styrene Examples of AgentsIARC Classification
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20138 | OUTLINEOUTLINE Introduction Assessing the health risk Managing the health risk – Developing standards and regulations – Communicating the scientific knowledge
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 20139 | WHO and STANDARDSWHO and STANDARDS WHO does NOT develop EMF standards but facilitates international consensus on standards International bodies, ICNIRP and IEEE/ICES, develop international guidelines for human protection from EMF exposure
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201310 | Norms, Standards and GuidelinesNorms, Standards and Guidelines Emission standards have specifications that limit the EMF emissions from devices Exposure standards have specifications that limit EMF exposure to people
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201311 | Relevant Authorities Non-governmental and international organizations Relevant Authorities Non-governmental and international organizations Emission standards Measurements standards Exposure standards
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201312 | National management approachesNational management approaches Relevant authorities – National level Ministry of Health Ministry of Labour Ministry of the Environment Ministry of Telecommunications Ministry of Energy Ministry of Transport #.
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201313 | National management approachesNational management approaches Relevant authorities – National level – Provincial level
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201314 | National management approachesNational management approaches Relevant authorities – National level – Provincial level – Local level • Dispense building and planning permits • Direct contact with public and operators • May introduce further conservative measures based on politics rather than science – Many examples (e.g. Salzburg, Toronto, Paris, …)
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201315 | Local AuthoritiesLocal Authorities Role Possible responsibilities Planning authority or regulator Protect public health Authorise siting of transmitters Establish planning rules for transmitters Approve land use near transmitters Coordinate with other stakeholders Landowner of transmitter site Decide whether to lease site Act as a good neighbour Use position as landowner to encourage or promote local priorities. Network operator Operate radio telemetry network to monitor status of local infrastructure Operate mobile radio network to communicate with staff Operate WiFi network for public use Comply with regulatory requirements Employer Meeting occupational health and safety responsibilities for staff working near wireless network transmitters. Source of information Lead public communications about health issues. Respond to questions about wireless networks
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201316 | Policy documents .Policy documents . http://www.who.int/peh-emf/standards/
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201317 |
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201318 | Survey on EMF Standards May 2013 Survey on EMF Standards May 2013
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201319 | Legislative status Electromagnetic fields (EMF) Location Year Standards applying to the public: Static fields Standards applying to the public: Low frequencies Standards applying to the public: Radio frequencies Standards applying to workers: Static fields Standards applying to workers: Low frequencies Standards applying to workers: Radio frequencies Afghanistan 2013 No Yes Yes No No No Albania 2013 No data Yes Yes No No No Algeria 2013 No Yes Yes Yes Subnational Subnational Andorra 2013 No data No data Subnational No No No Angola No Yes Subnational No No No Antigua and Barbuda No No No No data No data No Argentina Yes Subnational Subnational Yes No No Armenia No Yes Yes No No No Australia No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Austria Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Azerbaijan No Yes Yes No No No Exposure standards for electromagnetic fields (EMF) iiii iiii iiii iiiiiiii iiii Exposure standards Limits values
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201320 | Management OptionsManagement Options Reduce concern Reduce uncertainty Reduce exposure No action Communication Research Planning measures Engineering measures Exposure limits #.
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201321 | Risk Perception and Communication WHO Risk Handbook Risk Perception and Communication WHO Risk Handbook • For programme managers who need basic information on EMF risk perception, communication and management • Available in English •Translated into Spanish, Italian, German, French, Russian, Bulgarian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Hungarian and Japanese •Available on the web www.who.int/emf
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201322 | Managing EMF Risk CommunicationManaging EMF Risk Communication
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201323 | Stakeholders With whom to communicate? Stakeholders With whom to communicate? Scientific Community Government Health Community Associations General Public Media Law Industry
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201324 | OUTLINEOUTLINE Introduction Assessing the health risk Managing the potential risk Conclusions
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201325 | Challenges to governments .Challenges to governments . Rapidly evolving RF technologies Launched on the market before health evaluation Disparities in risk management measures and regulations around the world Concern from the public
    • Wireless Networks Meeting | Armenia, Colombia | 10 August 201326 | ConclusionsConclusions Need for clear roles and responsibilities in government on this topic Need for adoption and compliance of health-based standards Need for a public information program and dialogue with stakeholders Need for promoting research to reduce uncertainty We are a "global village"
    • The International EMF Project Radiation and Environmental Health Public Health and Environment World Health Organization 21 Avenue Appia CH-1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland : emfproject@who.intemail : www.who.int/emfwebsite