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    Revised ch. 1 sec. 5 Revised ch. 1 sec. 5 Presentation Transcript

    • BELLRINGER Use Section 4 notes to answer the following. 1. What was the main goal of early European exploration? 2. Who was the first explorer to find a water route to Asia? 3. What European country controlled the sea route around Africa.
      • Chapter One: Converging Cultures
      • Section Five: Europe Encounters America.
      • A. The Vikings
        • The first Europeans
        • to settle in America
        • were the Vikings.
      • These people were from Scandinavia .
      • They made settlements in America around the year 1000 A.D .
      • However, the Vikings’
      • settlements did not last.
      • Why don’t we give the
      • Vikings as much attention as
      • we give Christopher Columbus?
      • B. Christopher Columbus
      • Christopher Columbus
      • was an Italian born
      • navigator.
      • He believed that Europe and Asia were not all that far apart and that he could get there by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean.
      • However, no rulers were willing to
      • financially support Columbus’ journey.
      • Why?
      • Then in 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain agreed to sponsor Columbus.
      • Columbus was given
      • three ships, the Nina ,
      • the Pinta and the
      • Santa Maria .
      • After more than two months,
      • Columbus finally reached the
      • Caribbean (the island of
      • San Salvador ).
      • Believing he had reached India , he called the people he saw Indians .
      • Columbus returned to America four more times and explored other Caribbean islands.
      • He never knew he had
      • discovered a new
      • continent.
      • C. Spain Claims America
      • By the 1500’s, Spain was eager to make colonies in America.
      • However, Portugal also wanted to claim parts of America.
      • To prevent war, the
      • two countries came to
      • an agreement:
      • The Treaty of Tordesillas .
      • The treaty drew a line of demarcation down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
      • Spain would get
      • everything to
      • the west of
      • the line, Portugal
      • would get
      • everything
      • to the east .
    • Trivia Questions:
      • What is the only country in South America that doesn’t speak Spanish?
      • What is their official language?
      • What does the Treaty of Tordesillas have to do with this?
      • Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci , concluded that this new land was not Asia, but a new continent.
      • Therefore, the new
      • land was later named
      • for him in his
      • honor – America .
      • Ferdinand Magellan discovered a strait (small stretch of water connecting two larger bodies of water) in Southern South America.
      • He managed to navigate his way through the strait to the ocean on the other side.
      • He named this ocean “The Pacific” , which means peaceful .
      • His crew continued their journey all the way back to Spain.
      • They became the first
      • people to circumnavigate -
      • go all the way around
      • the world.
      • D. The Columbian Exchange
      • The exchange of animals , plants , ideas and diseases from Europe to the Americas and the Americas to Europe.
          • Examples from Europe to the Americas ;
          • - Wheat, horses, firearms, small pox.
          • Examples from Americas to Europe ;
          • -Potatoes, chocolate, tobacco, corn
          • -Millions of Native Americans died from diseases brought over by Europeans.
      • REVIEW
      • 1. What does the word circumnavigate mean?
      • 2. Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do?
      • 3. How did the Columbian Exchange change the world?