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  • 1. BELLRINGER Use Section 4 notes to answer the following. 1. What was the main goal of early European exploration? 2. Who was the first explorer to find a water route to Asia? 3. What European country controlled the sea route around Africa.
  • 2.
    • Chapter One: Converging Cultures
    • Section Five: Europe Encounters America.
    • A. The Vikings
      • The first Europeans
      • to settle in America
      • were the Vikings.
  • 3.
    • These people were from Scandinavia .
    • They made settlements in America around the year 1000 A.D .
    • However, the Vikings’
    • settlements did not last.
    • Why don’t we give the
    • Vikings as much attention as
    • we give Christopher Columbus?
  • 4.
    • B. Christopher Columbus
    • Christopher Columbus
    • was an Italian born
    • navigator.
    • He believed that Europe and Asia were not all that far apart and that he could get there by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean.
    • However, no rulers were willing to
    • financially support Columbus’ journey.
    • Why?
  • 5.
    • Then in 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain agreed to sponsor Columbus.
    • Columbus was given
    • three ships, the Nina ,
    • the Pinta and the
    • Santa Maria .
    • After more than two months,
    • Columbus finally reached the
    • Caribbean (the island of
    • San Salvador ).
  • 6.
    • Believing he had reached India , he called the people he saw Indians .
    • Columbus returned to America four more times and explored other Caribbean islands.
    • He never knew he had
    • discovered a new
    • continent.
  • 7.
    • C. Spain Claims America
    • By the 1500’s, Spain was eager to make colonies in America.
    • However, Portugal also wanted to claim parts of America.
    • To prevent war, the
    • two countries came to
    • an agreement:
    • The Treaty of Tordesillas .
  • 8.
    • The treaty drew a line of demarcation down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
    • Spain would get
    • everything to
    • the west of
    • the line, Portugal
    • would get
    • everything
    • to the east .
  • 9. Trivia Questions:
    • What is the only country in South America that doesn’t speak Spanish?
    • What is their official language?
    • What does the Treaty of Tordesillas have to do with this?
  • 10.
    • Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci , concluded that this new land was not Asia, but a new continent.
    • Therefore, the new
    • land was later named
    • for him in his
    • honor – America .
  • 11.
    • Ferdinand Magellan discovered a strait (small stretch of water connecting two larger bodies of water) in Southern South America.
    • He managed to navigate his way through the strait to the ocean on the other side.
  • 12.
    • He named this ocean “The Pacific” , which means peaceful .
    • His crew continued their journey all the way back to Spain.
    • They became the first
    • people to circumnavigate -
    • go all the way around
    • the world.
  • 13.
    • D. The Columbian Exchange
    • The exchange of animals , plants , ideas and diseases from Europe to the Americas and the Americas to Europe.
  • 14.
        • Examples from Europe to the Americas ;
        • - Wheat, horses, firearms, small pox.
        • Examples from Americas to Europe ;
        • -Potatoes, chocolate, tobacco, corn
        • -Millions of Native Americans died from diseases brought over by Europeans.
  • 15.
    • REVIEW
    • 1. What does the word circumnavigate mean?
    • 2. Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do?
    • 3. How did the Columbian Exchange change the world?