BELLRINGER Use Section 4 notes to answer the following. 1. What was the main goal of early European exploration? 2. Who was the first explorer to find a water route to Asia? 3. What European country controlled the sea route around Africa.
Chapter One: Converging Cultures
Section Five: Europe Encounters America.
A. The Vikings
The first Europeans
to settle in America
were the Vikings.
These people were from Scandinavia .
They made settlements in America around the year 1000 A.D .
However, the Vikings’
settlements did not last.
Why don’t we give the
Vikings as much attention as
we give Christopher Columbus?
B. Christopher Columbus
was an Italian born
He believed that Europe and Asia were not all that far apart and that he could get there by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean.
However, no rulers were willing to
financially support Columbus’ journey.
Then in 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain agreed to sponsor Columbus.
Columbus was given
three ships, the Nina ,
the Pinta and the
Santa Maria .
After more than two months,
Columbus finally reached the
Caribbean (the island of
San Salvador ).
Believing he had reached India , he called the people he saw Indians .
Columbus returned to America four more times and explored other Caribbean islands.
He never knew he had
discovered a new
C. Spain Claims America
By the 1500’s, Spain was eager to make colonies in America.
However, Portugal also wanted to claim parts of America.
To prevent war, the
two countries came to
The Treaty of Tordesillas .
The treaty drew a line of demarcation down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
Spain would get
the west of
the line, Portugal
to the east .
What is the only country in South America that doesn’t speak Spanish?
What is their official language?
What does the Treaty of Tordesillas have to do with this?
Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci , concluded that this new land was not Asia, but a new continent.
Therefore, the new
land was later named
for him in his
honor – America .
Ferdinand Magellan discovered a strait (small stretch of water connecting two larger bodies of water) in Southern South America.
He managed to navigate his way through the strait to the ocean on the other side.
He named this ocean “The Pacific” , which means peaceful .
His crew continued their journey all the way back to Spain.
They became the first
people to circumnavigate -
go all the way around
D. The Columbian Exchange
The exchange of animals , plants , ideas and diseases from Europe to the Americas and the Americas to Europe.
Examples from Europe to the Americas ;
- Wheat, horses, firearms, small pox.
Examples from Americas to Europe ;
-Potatoes, chocolate, tobacco, corn
-Millions of Native Americans died from diseases brought over by Europeans.
1. What does the word circumnavigate mean?
2. Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do?
3. How did the Columbian Exchange change the world?