BELLRINGER Anticipation Guide Agree Disagree 1. The central Agree Disagree ____ ____ authority during ____ ____ the Middle Ages was the Catholic Church. Pg.32 (A European Story) ____ ____ 2. The Caravel ____ ____ was a ship. Pg.36
Chapter One: Converging Cultures Section Four: European Cultures
A. European Society
For hundreds of
years, Europe was
ruled by the Roman Empire .
When the Roman Empire fell apart around
500 A.D. , Europe was left disorganized and isolated .
This period was known as the Middle Ages .
The Black Plague occurred
during this time.
Bad sanitary conditions
caused an increase in rats.
The plague virus was
passed from fleas,
to rats, then to humans.
To organize society, the system of feudalism was developed.
Feudalism - a system in which a king gives out parts of his lands to nobles in exchange for their
These lands were farmed
by peasants or serfs .
The central authority in the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church .
Why was religion so important to society in the Middle Ages?
What made the
Catholic Church so powerful?
B. Causes of Exploration
Europe began coming out of its isolation around 1100.
1. The Crusades
Series of Holy Wars ,
lasting hundreds of years.
The European Christians attempted to take the Holy Lands (Middle East) from the Muslims .
The Crusades were a failure , yet had many positive effects on Europe.
The Crusades brought
Europe out of isolation
and into contact with
other parts of the world.
They exposed Europeans
to Asian goods such
as spices and silks .
Europeans soon wanted to find a faster, easier, way to get to Asia .
2. New States Emerge
Feudalism began to decline .
Powerful rulers emerged
who united many kingdoms
into strong and powerful
Soon, four strong countries existed: Portugal , France , Spain , and England .
These countries would compete for trade and power .
TRADE ROUTES FOR EUROPEANS
1. What is the time period in which Europe was disorganized and in isolation known as?
2. Who was the ultimate authority during the Middle Ages?
3. What were some of the items traded?
4. What were the 4 superpowers
of Europe during this time?
3. The Renaissance
Literally means rebirth .
A new interest in art ,
culture , writing , science ,
This fueled the desire for
exploration to learn and trade
with other cultures.
Chunk # 3
Turn to page 36-37 in your book.
Read New Technology and name and describe the four new types of technology used to navigate ships in the early 1400’s.
4. New Technology
Exploration became possible because of new inventions .
These inventions made navigation easier and Europeans began exploring the World.
Astrolabe Caravel Compass
C. Portuguese Exploration
Portugal led the way in exploration.
Prince Henry , or Henry the Navigator is considered the father of exploration.
He set up a
navigation school .
Brought together sailors and navigators to plan expeditions.
Goal: To find a water route to Asia.
Vasco da Gama –
1 st explorer to sail
1. The Renaissance literally means ________. What did Europe start showing an interest in at this point in history?
2. Why did the discovery of silks and spices during the Crusades lead to more sea expeditions?