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Revised ch. 1 sec. 4
 

Revised ch. 1 sec. 4

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The American Vision

The American Vision

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    Revised ch. 1 sec. 4 Revised ch. 1 sec. 4 Presentation Transcript

    • BELLRINGER Anticipation Guide Agree Disagree 1. The central Agree Disagree ____ ____ authority during ____ ____ the Middle Ages was the Catholic Church. Pg.32 (A European Story) ____ ____ 2. The Caravel ____ ____ was a ship. Pg.36
      • Chapter One: Converging Cultures Section Four: European Cultures
      • A. European Society
      • For hundreds of
      • years, Europe was
      • ruled by the Roman Empire .
      • When the Roman Empire fell apart around
      • 500 A.D. , Europe was left disorganized and isolated .
      • This period was known as the Middle Ages .
      • The Black Plague occurred
      • during this time.
      • Bad sanitary conditions
      • caused an increase in rats.
      • The plague virus was
      • passed from fleas,
      • to rats, then to humans.
      • To organize society, the system of feudalism was developed.
      • Feudalism - a system in which a king gives out parts of his lands to nobles in exchange for their
      • loyalty.
      • These lands were farmed
      • by peasants or serfs .
    • Religion
      • The central authority in the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church .
      • Why was religion so important to society in the Middle Ages?
      • What made the
      • Catholic Church so powerful?
      • B. Causes of Exploration
      • Europe began coming out of its isolation around 1100.
      • 1. The Crusades
      • Series of Holy Wars ,
      • lasting hundreds of years.
      • The European Christians attempted to take the Holy Lands (Middle East) from the Muslims .
    •  
      • The Crusades were a failure , yet had many positive effects on Europe.
      • The Crusades brought
      • Europe out of isolation
      • and into contact with
      • other parts of the world.
      • They exposed Europeans
      • to Asian goods such
      • as spices and silks .
      • Europeans soon wanted to find a faster, easier, way to get to Asia .
      • 2. New States Emerge
      • Feudalism began to decline .
      • Powerful rulers emerged
      • who united many kingdoms
      • into strong and powerful
      • countries.
      • Soon, four strong countries existed: Portugal , France , Spain , and England .
      • These countries would compete for trade and power .
    • TRADE ROUTES FOR EUROPEANS
      • REVIEW
      • 1. What is the time period in which Europe was disorganized and in isolation known as?
      • 2. Who was the ultimate authority during the Middle Ages?
      • 3. What were some of the items traded?
      • 4. What were the 4 superpowers
      • of Europe during this time?
      • 3. The Renaissance
      • Literally means rebirth .
      • A new interest in art ,
      • culture , writing , science ,
      • etc.
      • This fueled the desire for
      • exploration to learn and trade
      • with other cultures.
    • Chunk # 3
      • Turn to page 36-37 in your book.
      • Read New Technology and name and describe the four new types of technology used to navigate ships in the early 1400’s.
      • _____________________________
      • _____________________________
      • _____________________________
      • _____________________________
      • 4. New Technology
      • Exploration became possible because of new inventions .
      • These inventions made navigation easier and Europeans began exploring the World.
      • Astrolabe Caravel Compass
      • Lateen sails
      • C. Portuguese Exploration
      • Portugal led the way in exploration.
      • Prince Henry , or Henry the Navigator is considered the father of exploration.
      • He set up a
      • navigation school .
      • Brought together sailors and navigators to plan expeditions.
      • Goal: To find a water route to Asia.
      • Vasco da Gama –
      • 1 st explorer to sail
      • around Africa
      • to India.
      • REVIEW
      • 1. The Renaissance literally means ________. What did Europe start showing an interest in at this point in history?
      • 2. Why did the discovery of silks and spices during the Crusades lead to more sea expeditions?
      • 3. Which country owns the sea
      • route around Africa?