No unifying materials, every artist used what he felt was the most appropriate and would make people confront the object.
Expressionism was questioned as it is impossible to capture human emotion with paint.
Abstract expressionism used thick globs of paint, which Stella avoided. This slide sums up his style as an artist.
Uses house paint to emphasize the flatness of the canvas, you only are aware of something’s presence if it is highlighted. Makes the object define itself
Stretcher bars, references itself. Makes you aware of it’s presence as an object as a whole.
Uses aluminum which is reflective so all of the art is on the surface. Cuts out chunks that are unpainted – beginning to create shaped canvases. Art was trapped in the traditional rectangular canvas.
Protrude out of the wall greatly which make them appear sculptural. Done in metallic purple paint which is reflective.
The piece looks cheap and references Broadway, he pokes fun at religion. He tells us not to take it seriously. Icons are depictions of the holy family and everything is symbolic, which is not found here. He is suggesting that how the original icons praised God, his art praises and fills empty rooms.
His first piece using only fluorescent lights. Like Duchamp he blurred the line between industrial object and art. He used only 10 factory made colors in 4 different lengths.
“Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily” which is exactly what Flavin does. By showing three clusters of light he implies that they continue infinitely without showing every piece. Light also has this effect as it spreads and fills spaces indefinitely.
Began to use what would traditionally be dead space in the gallery. He takes art off of the pedestal that most artists put their pieces on. He lets his art go in non-traditional spaces to illuminate areas that would typically not even be noticed.
Tatlin is a Russian artist who wanted to create a large iron tower, but it was never built. Flavin was highly interested in Tatlin’s desire to unite art and technology, which he also attempted to do. It’s also interesting to note that though it is the “monument” series the bulbs will eventually burn out.
These barrier-like pieces obstruct hallways and force the viewer to interact with the art as well as the architecture. They must find a way around the piece. Your eyes can go where your body can’t, he encourages perception of the light.
The lights themselves dictate the rate of diagonal. Self referential
Dialogue between the building and the site. Creates a richness of simplicity rather than emptiness. Quiz online: Judd or cheap furniture? You can see minimalist techniques in furniture
MINIMALISMNicole Farley & Emily Yun
What is Minimalism?ABC Art • Reductive Art • Literalism • Specific Objects Systematic Painting • Rejective Art • Minimal Art “As far as Minimalism goes, I don’t think itexisted as an idea at all” Sol LeWitt
Birth of Minimalism Arose during the Vietnam War Reaction against Abstract Expressionism Rejects the colorful, vibrant, passionate, and expressiveComposition VI1913 WassilyKandinsky
Characteristics ofMinimalism Repetition Simplistic color palette Untitled 1965 Frank Stella
Characteristics ofMinimalism Hidden process Industrial materials Sol LeWitt Cubes
Characteristics ofMinimalism Form Meaningless Importance of theenvironment “Simplicity of shape does not necessarily equate with simplicity of experience” Robert Morris Untitled (in honor of Harold Joachim) 3 1977 Dan Flavin
Frank Stella 1936- Present Sculptural paintings Monochromatic colors Large canvases Flat style Stripes Repetition Emphasis on form “Art should be a presentation, not an invitation” Frank Stella
Frank StellaBLACK PAINTINGS Black house paint Stripes are the width of the paintbrush and the stretcher bars White areas are exposed canvas Conflicting title Self-referentialDie Fahne Hoch! 1959
Frank StellaBLACK PAINTINGS Marriage of Reason and Squalor II 1959
Frank StellaBLACK PAINTINGS Tomlinson Court Park 1967
Frank StellaALUMINUM PAINTINGSAluminum Series 1960
Frank StellaPORTRAIT SERIES Portrait Series 1963
Donald Judd1928-1994 Scale and detail Space Order Installation process Specific objects“Actual space is intrinsicallymore powerful and specificthan paint on a flat surface” Donald Judd
Sol LeWittSERIAL PROJECT Serial Project, I (ABCD) 1966.
Sol LeWitt Influenced by Josef Albers, Jasper Johns, and Samuel Beckett He had an influence on Frank Stella, Eva Hesse, Steve Reich, and Dan Flavin
Dan1933-1996 Flavin Used light Incandescent fluorescent Adaptable art Repetition Interacts with architecture "One might not think of light as amatter of fact, but I do. And it is, as Isaid, as plain and open and direct an art as you will ever find.“ Dan Flavin
Dan FlavinICON SERIES “Icon” refers to Byzantine religious pieces Elements of painting and sculpture “My icons do not raise up the blessed savior in elaborate cathedrals, they are constructed concentrations celebrating barren rooms. They bring limited light” Dan Flavinicon V (Coran’s Broadway Flesh) 1961
Dan Flavin “Restricting hismaterials was not a limitation, but an enabler; he exploited subtle differences and founddepth, meaning, an d beauty in whatothers overlooked” Lynn Matheny Diagonal of May 25, 1963 (to Constantin Brancusi) 1963
Dan FlavinNominal Three (to William of Ockham) 1963
Dan Flavinpink out of a corner (to Jasper Johns) 1963
Dan FlavinMONUMENT SERIES “monument” 1 for V. Tatlin 1964
Dan Flavin untitled (to you, Heiner, with admiration and affection) 1973
Dan Flavinuntitled (to my dear bitch, Airily) 2 1984
Criticism “Art is too simple” “Art is too cold” “There is nothing to comment on” “No skill” “No talented required”
End of Minimalism Minimalism trapped itself; there are only so many ways to simplify something Artists began to move away from creating strict Minimalist objects Conceptual art took over as art could exist as solely an idea “Minimalism wasn’t a real idea—it ended before it started” Sol LeWitt
Post-Minimalism Collection of reactions against Minimalism Maintained minimal form Included expressive qualities More relaxedEva HesseAscension II 1968
Minimalism Today Post-Minimalism Architecture Furniture Lifestyle John Pawson