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The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein
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The Fog Around the Cloud- Nathaniel Borenstein

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Myths and Realities of Cloud Computing Standards …

Myths and Realities of Cloud Computing Standards

Nathaneil Borenstein- Chief Scientist, Mimecast

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • 1. The Fog Around the CloudMyths and Realities of Cloud Computing Standards
    Nathaniel S. Borenstein, Ph.D.
    Chief Scientist
    Mimecast
  • 2. Outline
    Cloud computing isn’t right for everything
    But standards-centric objections are mostly wrong
    Much standards work is pointless wasted effort
    Cloud computing’s needs are specific, not vague
    For most services, there are simpler ways to avoid lock-in
    We need accountable, well-behaved vendors
    Evaluative standards would be helpful, but aren’t critical
    For most applications, there’s no reason to wait for standards
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 3. Cloud Computing: Threat or Menace?
    It’s natural to seek an excuse to say “No.”
    For some paradigms, the cloud really is wrong
    Consider the implantable defibrillator
    No argument could convince me to go cloud-based
    But standards are the least of the problems
    That last fact is surprisingly typical – standards don’t magically solve most problems.
    But yes, it’s pretty cool when they do…
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 4. I Really Don’t Hate Standards!
    Best known as author of MIME, used billions of times daily
    Worked on lots of other standards – difficult, insanely detailed, and often pointless work
    Why work that hard unless you really need to?
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
    From the first MIME message,
    March 11, 1992:
    Me, missing the high note!
  • 5. Godot May Not Be Coming
    Delaying cloud computing – or nearly anything else -- for “lack of standards” is wrong 90% of the time.
    “Standards” are categorically useless. Particular standards can be very useful.
    The generic objection is lazy; for some specific applications, the objection can be valid
    Distinguish two types of standards:
    Definitional standards can be show-stoppers
    Evaluative standards are often desirable
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 6. The Devil in the Details
    Myriad details make standards work excruciating
    Recently: in internationalized email, UTF8 or UTF-8?
    Weeks of discussion behind “US-ASCII” in MIME:
    Content-type: text/plain; charset=“us-ascii”
    Significant “worth the bother?” threshold
    Most worthwhile for:
    Data formats
    Interchange protocol
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 7. What Standards are Needed for Cloud Computing?
    Stated that generically: None!
    What standards might improve the cloud generally?
    Evaluative standards: security/compliance/best practices
    What standards does a particular application need to be acceptably moved to the cloud?
    That depends on the application.
    Let’s look at a couple of examples.
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 8. What Standards are Needed for VM Hosting in the Cloud?
    For a definition of “needed” that stresses portability…
    A clear data format specification
    A clear data model definition
    Addresses situations genuinely new with the cloud
    Probably worth the pain of standards work!
    But still might not justify avoiding the cloud
    Works fine today
    Migration is still possible without it
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 9. What Standards are Needed for Email Archiving?
    Disclaimer:
    Intuitive guess: Data export formats
    But must the cloud be better than current data centers?
    Could standardize on PST (Microsoft) or NSF (Lotus)…
    But… Surprise! It’s the least of your problems
    Moving terabytes between vendors is the hard part
    By comparison, format conversion is a piece of cake
    No new standards are critically needed for the cloud.
    This is typical.
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 10. The Fear of Vendor Lock-in
    Standards are part of the solution for some applications
    But good vendor behavior always matters more
    Can be locked in by terms of service
    Can be verified with past customers
    Can be documented with evaluative standards
    Can become the industry norm or even the law
    “If you ever leave us, we promise to help.”
    A new kind of customer reference – the ex-customer!
    But recognize the essential difficulty of terabyte migration
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 11. Even the IETF is Floundering
    Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF): home of TCP/IP, SMTP, MIME, XMPP, SNMP, etc.
    Has gone nowhere fast with cloud computing
    Can’t even get a BOF approved
    Dozens of ideas, including:
    Telecom net virtualization
    Cloud resource mobility
    HTTP enhancements
    VPN extension to Private Cloud
    Cloud P2P Video Streaming
    It’s a good thing you probably don’t need any of them.
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 12. The Real Role of Standardsin Cloud Computing
    At a minimum: Same as anywhere else!
    Data formats, interchange protocols
    For example, a PST/NSF-like standard is neither more nor less needed than ten years ago
    Service quality evaluative standards, a la ISO 9000
    Possibly some service management standards, e.g. SNMP MIBs
    But in general, nothing that should be holding you up.
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 13. Summary
    Fuzzy talk about “standards” isn’t helpful; there are no shortcuts to real understanding.
    With a few exceptions, standards aren’t a major impediment to migrating to the cloud
    Specific applications will need new standards; a few of these will even be specific to the cloud
    Focus on the vendor: commitment to quality, portability, recognition of data ownership
    Over time, evaluative standards a la ISO 9000 should make it easier to evaluate vendors
    But don’t postpone dinner until every restaurant is reviewed!
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
  • 14. Any Questions?
    The Fog Around the Cloud -- Nathaniel Borenstein, Mimecast
    Nathaniel Borenstein
    <nsb@mimecast.com>
    The first MIME message, with audio: http://www.guppylake.com/nsb/mime.html

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