RUNWAY RUNWAY RUNWAY RUNWAY APPROACH GSP SLOPENUMBER LENTH CATEGORY WIDTH LENGTH ANGLE O9 CAT-1 60 m 540 m 3° 0.1 3445 m 27 CAT-2 60 m 900 m 3°.18 -0.1 14 CAT-1 45 m 750 m 3° -0.1 2925 m 32 SIMPLE 45 m 360 m 3° 0.1
Runway Edge Lights are used to outline the edges of runway during periods of darkness orrestricted visibility conditions. These lighting systems are classified according to the intensity.They are capable of producing different level of illumination based on weather condition.
The Precision Approach Path Indicator(PAPI) is a light system positioned beside therunway that consists of four boxes of light unitson each side of Approach, that provide a visualindication of a fixed-wing aircraft position onthe glide path for the associated runway.The PAPI is usually located on the left side ofthe runway and can be seen up to five nauticalmiles during the day and twenty miles at night.
Each PAPI light unit is equipped with an optical apparatus that splitslight output into two segments, red and white. Depending on the angleof approach, the lights will appear either red or white to thepilot.(usually 3 degrees) 09 27
Before the runway actually begins, there is a sequence of high-intensity lighting at a maximum length of 900 meter. The Pilot can seefrom these Approach lights whether his aircraft is centered correctly.These lights then give way to the Touchdown zone lights from theThreshold of the Runway.The Approach lights are normally mounted on pedestals ofvarying height to accommodate any regularities in the groundensuring that the lights themselves are always level. They aredesigned to give way if accidently hit (Frangible).
APPROACH INSET APPROACH INSET • SIDE ROW • CENTER ROW
The beginning portion of runway is used for landing which is calledThreshold. The Threshold lights show green from the approach side. Theidentification of the Threshold is a major factor for the decision of the pilotto land or not to land. They are placed on a line at right angles to therunway axis as near to the end of the runway and, at 3 m outside the end.Threshold lights are usually placed along the full width of the runway, alsomay contain wing bars which shall be symmetrically disposed about therunway center line at the threshold in two groups. Each wing bar shall beformed by at least five lights
Runway center line lights shall be located along the center line of theRunway. The lights shall be located from the threshold to the end atlongitudinal spacing of approximately 15m. Runway center line lights shall be fixed lights showing variable white from the threshold to the point 900 m. From the runway end. Alternate red and variable white from 900 m to 300 m from the runway end and red from red 300 m to the runway end.
Defines the landing portion of the Runway. Two rows of transverse light bars (barrettes) locatedsymmetrically about the runway centre line.Each barrettes composed of at least three lights which are white in color. Touch down Zonelights are white in color & shall extend from the threshold for a longitudinal distance of 900 m.
The Pilots have to maneuver the aircrafts on a system of taxiways to and from the terminaland hangers areas either after a landing or on the way to take off. Taxiway system in MumbaiAirport is very complex and it becomes necessary to provide adequate lighting aids.
Runway guard lights are yellow lights used to warn pilots and drivers ofvehicles when they are operating on taxiways, that they are about to enteran active runway. The lights are flashing type having a flashing ratebetween 30 and 60 cycles per minute. The Runway Guard lights arecomponents of an advanced surface movement guidance and controlsystem.
Sign boards are provided to convey a mandatory instruction,information on a specific location or destination on amovement area or to provide other information to meet therequirements.
There are six types of Airport Signs:Mandatory Instruction Signs – red background with white inscription. They denote anentrance to a runway (numbers), critical area (ILS), or prohibited area.Location Signs – black with yellow inscription and yellow border. It will not have anyarrows. They identify a taxiway or runway location, to identify the boundary of therunway, or identify an instrument landing system (ILS) critical area.Direction Signs – yellow background with black inscription. They identify thedesignation of the intersection taxiway(s) leading out of an intersection.Destination Signs – yellow with black inscription and also contain arrows. Theyprovide information on locating things, such as runways, terminals, cargo areas, andcivil aviation areas.Information Signs – yellow background with black inscription. They provide pilot withinformation on things as areas that con not be seen from the control tower, applicableradio frequencies, and moise abatement procedures.Runway Distance Remaining Signs – black background with white numbers. Thenumbers indicate the distance of the remaining runway in thousands of feet.
D.G TRANSFORMER HT FEEDER PLC PANELUPS I/C PANEL MAIN LT PANEL UPSUPS O/G PANEL ESSENTIAL NON ESSENTIAL CCR’s PANEL PANEL REMOTE SERIES CIRCUITS CONTROL FOR AGL
This Presentation is created as a knowledgetool for GVK & amaindia staffs to build abetter professional work culture in dailyactivities. The images used in some ofslides may not be the precise of MIALAirfield; however purpose is to comprehendthe AGL.